Unemployment Act 1934

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The Unemployment Act 1934 was an Act of Parliament in the United Kingdom, reaching statue on 28 June 1934. It reduced the age at which a person entered the National Insurance scheme to 14 and made the claiming age 16 years.[1] It also separated benefits earned by paying National Insurance and those purely based on need (the dole).[2] To do this, it established two bodies: the Unemployment Insurance Statutory Committee to deal with unemployment benefits earned by payment of National Insurance when in work, and the Unemployment Assistance Board to provide means-tested payments for those not entitled to such benefits.[3]


  1. ^ http://www.keele.ac.uk/depts/so/youthchron/SocialSecurity/pre45socsecurity.htm
  2. ^ UK National Archives Cabinet Papers 1930s
  3. ^ International Journal of Epidemiology (2003) 32:500-502 Commentary: The context and outcome of nutrition campaigning in 1934