|Studio album by Fairport Convention|
|Recorded||January–April 1969 at Sound Techniques and Olympic Studios, London|
|Genre||Folk rock, folk|
39:24 (original release)
|Label||Island ILPS 9102 (UK)
A&M SP 4206 (US)
|Producer||Joe Boyd, Simon Nicol & Fairport Convention|
|Fairport Convention chronology|
|Singles from Unhalfbricking|
Cover of the 1969 USA release
Unhalfbricking is the third album by the British folk rock band Fairport Convention and their second album released in 1969. It is seen as a transitional album in their history and marked a further musical move away from American influences towards more traditional English folk songs that had begun on their previous album, What We Did on Our Holidays and arguably reached its peak on the follow-up, Liege & Lief, released later the same year.
Although featuring several at the time unreleased Bob Dylan songs, the album also marked Sandy Denny's maturation as a singer and songwriter, including "Who Knows Where the Time Goes?", a song covered by many other performers and now regarded as a classic. The only traditional song on the album, "A Sailor's Life", is seen as pivotal in the development of English folk rock music.
Changes in the line-up of the band, due not only to its musical direction but also to external events, mark this album as a turning point in the band's history. 1969 was a prolific year for Fairport Convention; from What We Did on Our Holidays to Liege & Lief within twelve months represented a major development.
The album also gave the band their first UK chart success, reaching number 12 in the UK album chart (the second highest position in the band's entire career), while the single release, "Si tu dois partir", achieved number 21 in the UK singles chart.
On 11 May 1969, two months before the album was released, drummer Martin Lamble and guitarist Richard Thompson's girlfriend, Jeannie Franklyn, were killed in a car crash as the band were returning from a concert in Birmingham. Simon Nicol later said:
That was a big watershed, I think. In the aftermath, we thought a lot about what to do, whether to call it a day. It had been fun while it lasted but it took a definite effort of will to continue. It had given us a lot but now it had taken away a lot: was it worth it if it was going to cost people their lives? Martin was only 18 or 19 years old. He would have gone on to have been so much more than just another drummer, another musician: there was something very special about him.
Ashley Hutchings also said in relation to the album cover photograph:
My memory of it is bound up with the terrible car crash. On the back cover we're all eating around a table. The shirt and the leather waistcoat I'm wearing are what I had on when the crash happened. I can clearly remember them being bloodstained. You don't forget things like that.
Unhalfbricking appeared, therefore, at a difficult time for the group, but was enthusiastically received. After a period of intense reflection about their future they decided to pursue the folk rock idea further and violinist Dave Swarbrick was invited to join full-time for the follow-up, Liege & Lief.
Fairport Convention had been invited to Bob Dylan's London music publishers to hear then-unreleased tracks from The Basement Tapes sessions. The band's bassist, Ashley Hutchings, said "We loved it all. We would have covered all the songs if we could." In the event, versions of "Percy's Song", "Million Dollar Bash" and "If You Gotta Go, Go Now" (retitled "Si Tu Dois Partir") were used on the album. The French lyrics for the latter were created during the interval of a performance at the Middle Earth Club. "Percy's Song" and "Million Dollar Bash" had never been released before. According to guitarist Simon Nicol "I think the boredom factor was one of the reasons we came up with this wacky idea. Three or four punters joined us in the dressing room; they were either French visitors or students of French working in London, and happened to be there that night."
Sample of "Si tu dois partir", the single from Unhalfbricking
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The band's male vocalist Iain Matthews left during the recordings for Unhalfbricking to make his own album Matthews' Southern Comfort, after recording just one track, "Percy's Song". Sandy Denny sang lead vocals on all the other songs, including her own compositions, "Autopsy", and "Who Knows Where the Time Goes?". The latter was covered by many artists and is now viewed to be a classic. The lengthy "A Sailor's Life", a traditional English folk song collected by A. L. Lloyd, was already part of Denny's club repertoire. In particular, the version on Unhalfbricking has been described as "the turning point of Fairport's history from earlier contemporary Americana to English songs" and by Allmusic's Richie Unterberger as a "clear signpost to the future".
Guitarist Richard Thompson contributed two compositions to the album. The opening track, "Genesis Hall", is a slow 3/4 waltz, on which he played dulcimer, while Sandy Denny provided the vocals; it was the B-Side of the single release. Genesis Hall was the nickname of the former Bell Hotel in Drury Lane, which had become a squat in early 1969 and later became noted for a mass eviction by the police. In the view of Mojo magazine reviewer Mike Baines "Thompson's writing reached maturity on 'Genesis Hall'". "Cajun Woman", which opens the second side of the album, features Dave Swarbrick's fiddle-playing in his first work with Fairport.
Title and cover
The title arose from the word-game, "Ghosts", played by the band while travelling to and from gigs. Its object was to "avoid completing a real word", and "Unhalfbricking" was Sandy Denny's creation.
Eric Hayes took the photo on the sleeve design for the UK release, which featured neither album title nor band name. The photo captured Denny's parents, Neil and Edna Denny, standing outside the family home in Arthur Road, Wimbledon, south London, with the band distantly visible through the garden fence. St Mary's Church, Wimbledon can be seen in the background. Joe Boyd later said "Unhalfbricking, then, that cover shot was taken in the early spring, right before the crash, I think; and that record came out in June".
Unhalfbricking's cover in the US, released by A&M Records, was even less informative. It consisted of a picture of circus elephants with a small inset image of the band, allegedly because "the group apparently so upset their American label that they replaced it with an image of trampolining elephants".
Allmusic's Richie Unterberger described Unhalfbricking as "a transitional album for the young Fairport Convention, in which the group shed its closest ties to its American folk-rock influences and started to edge toward a more traditional British folk-slanted sound".
Rolling Stone's John Mendelsohn, reviewing Unhalfbricking alongside Liege and Lief, was supportive, describing it as "Fairport Convention at its best" and singling out "Percy's Song" in particular as "the album's gem". He was less complimentary about "A Sailor's Life", regarding it as overlong.
The album also gave the band their first UK chart success, spending a total of eight weeks in the UK album chart and reaching number 12. The single "Si tu dois partir" spent nine weeks on the UK singles chart and reached number 21. Fairport Convention appeared on Top of the Pops on 14 August 1969, miming to the song and augmented by a roadie, Steve Sparks on percussion.
In 2004 Q magazine placed Unhalfbricking at number 41 in its list of the 50 Greatest British Albums Ever, and in the same year The Observer, describing it as "a thoroughly English masterpiece", listed it at number 27 in its Top 100 British Albums. The following year, 2005, it was included in Robert Dimery's "1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die". The Sandy Denny track, Who Knows Where the Time Goes?, was voted "Favourite Folk Track of All Time" by listeners in the Radio 2 Folk Awards 2007. In 2010 Unhalfbricking was voted the second best Fairport Convention album after Liege & Lief by Mojo magazine readers.
- Side one
- "Genesis Hall" (Richard Thompson) – 3:41
- "Si tu dois partir" (Bob Dylan) – 2:25
- "Autopsy" (Sandy Denny) – 4:27
- "A Sailor's Life" (traditional, arranged by Denny, Thompson, Simon Nicol, Ashley Hutchings, Martin Lamble) – 11:20
- Side two
- "Cajun Woman" (Thompson) – 2:45
- "Who Knows Where the Time Goes?" (Denny) – 5:13
- "Percy's Song" (Dylan) – 6:55
- "Million Dollar Bash" (Dylan) – 2:56
- Bonus tracks on CD reissue
- "Dear Landlord" (Dylan)
- "Ballad of Easy Rider" (Roger McGuinn, Dylan)
|Year||Country||Label and catalogue number||Format|
|1969||UK||Island ILPS 9102||LP|
|1969||Italy||International Ricordi SPA SLIR-IL||LP|
|1970||Australia||Festival/Island SFL 9333512||LP|
|1973||Australia||Festival/Island SFL 9333512||LP (reissue)|
|1974||Netherlands||Island Ariola 88163XAT||LP|
|1969||New Zealand||Festival Records SFL-933512||LP|
|1985||US||Carthage CGLP 4418||LP|
|1987||UK||Island CID 9102||CD|
|1987||Japan||Polystar P32D 25025||CD|
|1990||US||Carthage CGCD 4418||CD|
|1990||UK||Island IMCD 61 (Island Masters series)||CD|
|1991||US||Hannibal 4418||LP & cassette|
|1991||Japan||Polystar P32D 1125||CD|
|2000||UK||Simply Vinyl SVLP 164||LP|
|2003||UK||Island IMCD 293 (Island Re-Masters series)||CD|
|2007||US||Simply Vinyl 00030726||LP|
|2008||US||4 Men With Beards 158||LP|
- Sandy Denny – vocals, harpsichord
- Richard Thompson – electric and acoustic guitars, electric dulcimer, piano accordion, organ, backing vocals
- Ashley Hutchings – bass, backing vocals
- Simon Nicol – electric and acoustic guitars, electric dulcimer, backing vocals
- Martin Lamble – drums, stacked chair backs on "Si tu dois partir"
- Additional personnel
- Iain Matthews – backing vocals on "Percy's Song"
- Dave Swarbrick – fiddle on "Si tu dois partir", "A Sailor’s Life", and "Cajun Woman" and Mandolin on "Million Dollar Bash"
- Trevor Lucas – triangle on "Si tu dois partir"
- Marc Ellington – vocals on "Million Dollar Bash"
- Dave Mattacks – drums on "Ballad of Easy Rider"
- Recorded at Sound Techniques and Olympic Studios, London
- Engineer: John Wood
- Sleeve design: Diogenic Attempts Ltd.
- Unterberger, Richie. "allmusic ((( Unhalfbricking > Overview )))". Allmusic. Retrieved 2008-08-06.
- Unterberger, Richie. "allmusic ((( Martin Lamble > Overview )))". Allmusic. Retrieved 2008-08-07.
- "History: Simon Nicol writes about Fairport". fairportconvention.com. Retrieved 2008-05-05.
- Harris, John (20 June 2004). "Unhalfbricking, Fairport Convention". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 2008-08-07.
- Unterberger, Richie. "THE BIRTH AND HEYDAY OF FAIRPORT CONVENTION". richieunterberger.com. Retrieved 2008-08-03.
- Baines, Mike (August 2010). "Fairport Convention: English folk rock's prime movers". Mojo 201: 139.
- "Biography". iainmatthews.com. Archived from the original on 6 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-10.
- "Sold on Song – Song Library – Who Knows Where The Time Goes". BBC. Retrieved 2008-08-03.
- Zierke, Reinhard (22 November 2014). "A Sailor's Life". mainlynorfolk.info. Retrieved 2015-01-04.
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- Fountain, Nigel (1988). Underground: the London alternative press, 1966–74. London: Routledge. pp. 84–85. ISBN 0-415-00728-3. Retrieved 10 January 2010.
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- "Unhalfbricking, Fairport Convention". The Guardian (London). 20 June 2004. Retrieved 2008-05-04.
- "Ghost Game and other game resources". fun.familyeducation.com. Retrieved 2008-08-06.
- Greenberger, David. "Metroland Online – Recordings: Playing Games". Metroland. Retrieved 2008-08-06.
- Colwell, Stacey (5 March 2003). "Shooting Stars". Bridgewater Bulletin. Retrieved 2008-08-07.
- Irvin, Jim (1998). "Angel of Avalon: Sandy Denny". Mojo. Retrieved 2008-08-02.
- (best viewed using "StreetMap" option)
- "Who Knows Where the Time Goes? – The Sandy Denny Story". 2008-04-22. 18 minutes in. BBC Radio 2. Archived from the original on 27 April 2008. http://web.archive.org/web/20080427021222/http://www.bbc.co.uk/radio2/musicclub/doc_sandydenny.shtml.
- Powell, Aubrey (July–August 2002). "Pavement to penthouse – The aesthetics of folk". Frieze Magazine (68). Retrieved 2008-08-08.
- Christgau, Robert. "Robert Christgau review". robertchristgau.com. Retrieved 2011-04-13.
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- Zierke, Reinhard. "Fairport Convention: Si Tu Dois Partir". mainlynorfolk.info. Retrieved 2015-01-04.
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- "Q Magazine – 3 Special Editions Jan, Feb, March 2004". rocklistmusic.co.uk. Retrieved 2008-05-04.
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- Zierke, Reinhard (13 March 2013). "Fairport Convention: Dear Landlord Sandy Denny: Title". Retrieved 2015-01-04.
- Rogan, Johnny (1997). Ballad of Easy Rider (Media notes). The Byrds. Columbia Records.
- Zierke, Reinhard (13 June 2011). "Fairport Convention: Ballad of Easy Rider". Retrieved 2015-01-04.
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- Hutchings, Ashley (2003). Unhalfbricking (Media notes). Fairport Convention. Island Records. pp. 3, 16.