Unified Power Flow Controller
A Unified Power Flow Controller (or UPFC) is an electrical device for providing fast-acting reactive power compensation on high-voltage electricity transmission networks. It uses a pair of three-phase controllable bridges to produce current that is injected into a transmission line using a series transformer. The controller can control active and reactive power flows in a transmission line. The UPFC uses solid state devices, which provide functional flexibility, generally not attainable by conventional thyristor controlled systems. The UPFC is a combination of a static synchronous compensator (STATCOM) and a static synchronous series compensator (SSSC) coupled via a common DC voltage link. The main advantage of the UPFC is to control the active and reactive power flow in the transmission line.If there is any disturbances or faults in the source side, the UPFC will not work.The UPFC operates only under balanced sine wave source.The controllable parameters of the UPFC are reactance in the line,phase angle and voltage. The UPFC concept was described in 1995 by L. Gyugyi of Westinghouse.  The UPFC allows a secondary but important function such as stability control to suppress power system oscillations improving the transient stability of power system.
- Gyugyi, L.; Schauder, C.D.; Williams, S.L.; Rietman, T.R.; Torgerson, D.R.; Edris, A. (1995). "The unified power flow controller: A new approach to power transmission control" (PDF). IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery 10 (2): 1085. doi:10.1109/61.400878.
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