Association for Solidarity Perspectives (Germany)
The VSP was formed in October 1986 in West Germany as the United Socialist party (German Vereinigte Sozialistische Partei), a merger of the International Marxist Group (GIM) and the Communist Party of Germany (Marxist-Leninist). The parties combined their newspapers, was tun and Roter Morgen respectively, to launch the Sozialistische Zeitung (Socialist Newspaper, SoZ). Early after its formation, it gained recognition as a political party by the Federal Election Officer (Bundeswahlleiter). The VSP fielded a slate of candidates for the 1987 federal elections, but the party failed to win any seats in the Bundestag and consequently lost its electoral recognition. The party hoped to join with emerging splits from the Social Democratic Party and the old Communist Party, but these attempts were largely unsuccessful.
When the former ruling party of East Germany, the Socialist Unity Party (SED), reconstituted itself as the Party of Democratic Socialism (PDS) after German reunification, individual members of the VSP entered the party and won official positions in the party. However, the VSP remained independent of the PDS.
In 1994, the VSP changed its name to Association for Solidarity Perspectives (Verein für solidarische Perspektiven, VsP). One faction of the Trotskyist current in the VsP departed in 1994 and formed the Revolutionary Socialist League (RSB). The Trotskyists who remained in the VsP formed a caucus called the International Socialist Left (ISL).