Unified school district

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

A unified school district (in Arizona, California, Oregon, Kansas) or unit school district (in Illinois) is a school district which generally includes and operates both primary schools (kindergarten through middle school or junior high) and high schools (grades 9–12) under the same district control.

This distinction is predominant in Illinois and the western states[citation needed], where elementary school districts and high school districts are, or were, generally separate. The Los Angeles Unified School District (sometimes referred to as "LA Unified") is a major example of a unified school district in California. In Illinois, unit school districts must not be confused with consolidated or union school districts, which are generally formed by the consolidation of multiple school districts of the same type.

Distinct uses of the term[edit]

Some states use the term "unified school district" distinctly. For example:

  • In Connecticut, a unified school district is a statewide school district serving students under the jurisdiction of a state department:
    • Unified School District #1 is under the Department of Correction.[1]
    • Unified School District #2 is under the Department of Children and Families.[2]
    • Unified School District #3 is under the Department of Developmental Services.[3]
  • In Vermont, a unified school district is a type of union school district in which "the town school districts (and school boards) are abolished and representatives from the former districts are elected to form one school board."[4]
  • In Wisconsin, a unified school district is one in which the school board has "the powers and duties of the school board and annual meeting in a common school district."[5]

References[edit]