Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals
The Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals (abbreviated URM and often shortened to Uniform Requirements) is a set of guidelines produced by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors, for standardising the ethics, preparation and formatting of manuscripts submitted for publication by biomedical journals. Compliance with the Uniform Requirements is required by most leading biomedical journals and over 629 journals internationally (circa June 2006) follow the Uniform Requirements.
International Committee of Medical Journal Editors
The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) was originally known as the Vancouver Group, after the location of their first meeting in Vancouver, British Columbia in Canada. Current members of the ICMJE are:
- Annals of Internal Medicine
- Canadian Medical Association Journal
- Croatian Medical Journal
- Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA)
- Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Geneeskunde
- New England Journal of Medicine
- The Lancet
- The Medical Journal of Australia
- The New Zealand Medical Journal
- Tidsskrift for Den norske legeforening
- Ugeskrift for Læger
Example of a journal citation:
- Leurs R, Church MK, Taglialatela M. H1-antihistamines: inverse agonism, anti-inflammatory actions and cardiac effects. Clin Exp Allergy 2002 Apr;32(4):489-98.
Manuscripts describing human interventional clinical trials
URM includes a mandate for manuscripts describing human interventional trials to register a trial in a clinical trial registry (e.g., ClinicalTrials.gov) and to include the trial registration ID in the abstract of the article. The URM also requires that this registration is done prior enrolling the first participant. A study of five high impact factor journals (founders of ICMJE) showed that only 89% of published articles (articles published during 2010-2011; about trials that completed in 2008) were properly registered prior enrolling the first participant.
The Uniform Requirements were adapted by the Grey Literature International Steering Committee GLISC for the production of scientific and technical reports included in the wider category of grey literature. These GLISC Guidelines for the production of scientific and technical reports are translated to French, German, Italian and Spanish and are available on the GLISC website .
- International Committee of Medical Journal Editors. Journals that have Requested Inclusion on the List of Publications that follow the ICMJE's Uniform Requirements For Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals [homepage on the Internet]. Philadelphia: ICMJE; c2005 [updated 27 May 2006; cited 30 May 2006]. Available from: http://www.icmje.org/journals.html
- Drazen JM, Van der Weyden MB, Sahni P, Rosenberg J, Marusic A, Laine C, Kotzin S, Horton R, Hébert PC, Haug C, Godlee F, Frizelle FA, de Leeuw PW, DeAngelis CD (November 2009). "Uniform format for disclosure of competing interests in ICMJE journals". The New England Journal of Medicine 361 (19): 1896–7. doi:10.1056/NEJMe0909052. PMID 19825973.
- Huser, V.; Cimino, J. J. (2013). "Evaluating adherence to the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors' policy of mandatory, timely clinical trial registration". Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association. doi:10.1136/amiajnl-2012-001501.