ICMJE Recommendations (Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts)
The ICMJE Recommendations (full title, Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals), formerly called the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals (abbreviated URMs and often shortened to Uniform Requirements), are a set of guidelines produced by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors for standardising the ethics, preparation and formatting of manuscripts submitted for publication by biomedical journals. Compliance with the ICMJE Recommendations is required by most leading biomedical journals. As of 2006, over 629 journals worldwide followed the Uniform Requirements.
International Committee of Medical Journal Editors
The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) was originally known as the Vancouver Group, after the location of their first meeting in Vancouver, British Columbia in Canada. Current members of the ICMJE are:
- Annals of Internal Medicine
- Canadian Medical Association Journal
- Chinese Medical Journal
- Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
- Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA)
- Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Geneeskunde
- New England Journal of Medicine
- Public Library of Science
- Revista Medica de Chile
- The Lancet
- The Medical Journal of Australia
- The New Zealand Medical Journal
- Tidsskrift for Den norske legeforening
- Ugeskrift for Læger
The citation style recommended by the ICMJE Recommendations, which is also known as the Vancouver system, is the style used by the United States National Library of Medicine (NLM), codified in Citing Medicine.
Example of a journal citation:
- Leurs R, Church MK, Taglialatela M. H1-antihistamines: inverse agonism, anti-inflammatory actions and cardiac effects. Clin Exp Allergy 2002 Apr;32(4):489-98.
Manuscripts describing human interventional clinical trials
URM includes a mandate for manuscripts describing human interventional trials to register a trial in a clinical trial registry (e.g., ClinicalTrials.gov) and to include the trial registration ID in the abstract of the article. The URM also requires that this registration is done prior enrolling the first participant. A study of five high impact factor journals (founders of ICMJE) showed that only 89% of published articles (articles published during 2010-2011; about trials that completed in 2008) were properly registered prior enrolling the first participant.
Disclosure of Competing Interests
The ICMJE also developed a uniform format for disclosure of competing interests in journal articles.
The Uniform Requirements were adapted by the Grey Literature International Steering Committee GLISC for the production of scientific and technical reports included in the wider category of grey literature. These GLISC Guidelines for the production of scientific and technical reports are translated to French, German, Italian and Spanish and are available on the GLISC website .
- ICMJE, Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals.
- International Committee of Medical Journal Editors. Journals that have Requested Inclusion on the List of Publications that follow the ICMJE's Uniform Requirements For Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals [homepage on the Internet]. Philadelphia: ICMJE; c2005 [updated 27 May 2006; cited 30 May 2006]. Available from: http://www.icmje.org/journals.html
- "ICMJE Membership". International Committee of Medical Journal Editors. Retrieved 5 July 2014.
- Huser, V.; Cimino, J. J. (2013). "Evaluating adherence to the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors' policy of mandatory, timely clinical trial registration". Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association. doi:10.1136/amiajnl-2012-001501.
- Drazen JM, Van der Weyden MB, Sahni P, Rosenberg J, Marusic A, Laine C, Kotzin S, Horton R, Hébert PC, Haug C, Godlee F, Frizelle FA, de Leeuw PW, DeAngelis CD (November 2009). "Uniform format for disclosure of competing interests in ICMJE journals". The New England Journal of Medicine 361 (19): 1896–7. doi:10.1056/NEJMe0909052. PMID 19825973.