Union Baptist Church (New Rochelle, New York)

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Union Baptist Church
General information
Architectural style Neo-Romanesque
Address 438 Main Street
Town or city New Rochelle, New York
Coordinates 40°54′36″N 73°46′45″W / 40.9100°N 73.7793°W / 40.9100; -73.7793Coordinates: 40°54′36″N 73°46′45″W / 40.9100°N 73.7793°W / 40.9100; -73.7793
Completed 1904
Destroyed February 14, 2011
Design and construction
Architect Arthur Bates Jennings

Union Baptist Church was a historic house of worship located in Downtown New Rochelle, in Westchester County, New York. The church was added to Westchester Inventory of Historic Places in 1994, chosen for its cultural and historical characteristics as well as for its Neo-Romanesque edifice and unique architectural details. [1]


Two different congregations compose the cultural heritage of the church. It was originally built by the predominamtly white Salem Baptist Church congregation. The current congregation, Union Baptist Church, is one of New Rochelle's earliest black religious organizations.[2]

The church was designed by architect Arthur Bates Jennings, who configured the building's interior using the Akron Plan, an open spatial arrangement that is seen in only a few Westchester churches today. His use of ceiling stenciling was also unique and this church is the only one in the county to possess such detailing. [3]

On February 14, 2011 a 5-alarm fire ripped through the historic building, destroying much of the interior structure.[4] The building was demolished a day after the blaze.[5]