Union City, California

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Union City
Union City Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART) station
Union City Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART) station
Official seal of Union City
Location in Alameda County and the state of California
Location in Alameda County and the state of California
Coordinates: 37°26′5″N 121°53′42″W / 37.43472°N 121.89500°W / 37.43472; -121.89500Coordinates: 37°26′5″N 121°53′42″W / 37.43472°N 121.89500°W / 37.43472; -121.89500
Country United States
State California
County Alameda
Settled 1959
Incorporated January 26, 1959
 • Mayor Carol Dutra-Vernaci
 • Vice Mayor Lorrin Ellis
 • Councilor Emily Duncan
 • Councilor Pat Gacoscos
 • Councilor Jim Navarro
 • Total 19 sq mi (50 km2)
 • Land 19 sq mi (50 km2)
 • Water 0.000 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Population (2014)
 • Total 71,089
 • Density 3,700/sq mi (1,400/km2)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code 94587
Area code(s) 510
Website http://www.ci.union-city.ca.us

Union City is a small city in Alameda County, California, United States.It is located between larger suburb cities of Hayward and Fremont . It was incorporated in 1959, combining the communities of Alvarado and Decoto. Alvarado is a California Historical Landmark (#503).[2] The city celebrated its 50th Anniversary in 2009.[3] Union City population grew from 6,000 in 1959 to over 71,000 in the year of 2014.


Union City has a small-town atmosphere and is located in the southern part of the East Bay of the San Francisco Bay Area approximately 30 miles from San Francisco and 20 miles north of San Jose. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 19 square miles (49 km2), all land with no bay frontage. The Niles Cone aquifer, managed by the Alameda County Water District, supplies much of the water consumed by Union City.



The 2010 United States Census[4] reported that Union City had a population of 69,516. The population density was 3,570.6 people per square mile (1,378.6/km²). The racial makeup of Union City was 16,640 (23.9%) White, 4,402 (6.3%) African American, 329 (0.5%) Native American, 35,363 (50.9%) Asian, (20.0% Filipino, 11.5% Indian, 10.8% Chinese, 3.7% Vietnamese, 0.9% Korean, 0.6% Japanese, 0.6% Pakistani, 0.4% Burmese, 0.2% Cambodian), 892 (1.3%) Pacific Islander, 7,253 (10.4%) from other races, and 4,637 (6.7%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 15,895 persons (22.9%).

The Census reported that 68,998 people (99.3% of the population) lived in households, 422 (0.6%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 96 (0.1%) were institutionalized.

There were 20,433 households, out of which 9,066 (44.4%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 12,734 (62.3%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 2,761 (13.5%) had a female householder with no husband present, 1,182 (5.8%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 856 (4.2%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 128 (0.6%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 2,740 households (13.4%) were made up of individuals and 1,002 (4.9%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.38. There were 16,677 families (81.6% of all households); the average family size was 3.69.

The population was spread out with 16,847 people (24.2%) under the age of 18, 6,453 people (9.3%) aged 18 to 24, 20,360 people (29.3%) aged 25 to 44, 18,146 people (26.1%) aged 45 to 64, and 7,710 people (11.1%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36.2 years. For every 100 females there were 97.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.8 males.

There were 21,258 housing units at an average density of 1,091.9 per square mile (421.6/km²), of which 13,580 (66.5%) were owner-occupied, and 6,853 (33.5%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.5%; the rental vacancy rate was 5.3%. 46,272 people (66.6% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 22,726 people (32.7%) lived in rental housing units.As of 2014 the median price of a house in Union City is over $500,000.


As of 2000 the population was 66,869 and 15,696 families residing in Union City and a total of 17,130 jobs and 32,700 employed residents in 2000. The population density was 3,473.0 inhabitants per square mile (1,341.2/km²). There were 18,877 housing units at an average density of 980.4 per square mile (378.6/km²).

There were 18,642 households out of which 45.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.6% were married couples living together, 12.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 15.8% were non-families. 11.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.57 and the average family size was 3.83. The median price of a house in Union City is about $400,000.

In the city the population varied widely in age, with 27.8% under the age of 18, 9.8% from 18 to 24, 32.7% from 25 to 44, 21.6% from 45 to 64, and 8.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 98.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.0 males.

According to a 2007 estimate, the median income for a household in the city was $84,384, and the median income for a family was $87,114.[5] Males had a median income of $45,212 versus $35,085 for females. The per capita income for the city was $22,890. About 4.8% of families and 6.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.0% of those under age 18 and 6.5% of those age 65 or over.


The first community in what is now Union City was founded in 1850 by John and William Horner, also called "Union City."[6] In 1854, it merged with the nearby community of New Haven to form the town of Alvarado on western side of town , named after the former Mexican governor, Juan Bautista Alvarado.[7] Alvarado was the first county seat of Alameda County, which it soon lost to San Leandro. Further east, the town of Decoto was founded in 1870. It became a railroad hub, with the transcontinental railroad running through it.[6]Alvarado-Niles Road one of the city largest street is named in which connects the historic Fremont district of Niles with the historic Union City district of Alvarado.

In the 1950s, Alvarado and Decoto which today is city eastern side of town were annexation targets of the nearby communities of Newark, Hayward, and what became Fremont. In 1959, they decided to incorporate themselves into a single city, and named it after the Horners' original settlement, Union City.[6]The three cities today of Union City, Fremont, and Newark make up the "Tri-City" area.“


Union City is the location of the American Licorice Company's West Coast operations, having moved there in 1971 from San Francisco.[8]

Union City is home to three major health care providers: a Kaiser Permanente facility, a Tiburcio Vasquez Health Center, and Washington Hospital's Nakamura Clinic.

Union City also has a large number of industrial and shipping companies including R&S Manufacturing, RCD Concrete, Jatco, and EntirelyPets.

Local Shopping[edit]

In 1959 Union city didn't have much to choose from. There was small businesses, a drive in theater and very few restaurants. Many residents in Union city would have to travel to the nearby larger towns of Hayward or Fremont. In 1970 the city built first bix box shopping center which the anchor tenant was Safeway .

Union Landing Shopping Center is a 33-acre shopping center, adjacent to Interstate 880[9] The mall was completed in 1999 after several of debate on the land once Union city Drive in closed . [10]

Four Corners located on the western side is home to Seafood City and Island Pacific Supermarket.

El Mercado Shopping is located on the eastern side of town at the corner of Alvarado-Niles Road and Decoto Road and is the city Asian-themed shopping district.

A Target shopping center was built in 2000 near Hayward/Union city border near Interstate 880 on Whipple Road

Top employers[edit]

According to Union City's June 2012 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[11] the top employers in the city are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 Southern Wine & Spirits 1,150
2 New Haven Unified School District 998
3 Wal-Mart 780
4 Axygen Scientific, Inc 370
5 Abaxis, Inc 370
6 Kaiser Permanante 330
7 City of Union City 322
8 Ajax Custom Manufacturing 300
9 OSI, Inc. 300
10 Blommer Chocolate, Inc. 290


New Haven Unified School District serves 12,873 students from the cities of Union City and Hayward(south)The district consists of seven(K-5)elementary schools, two (6-8) middle schools, two (9-12) high schools and an adult school.[12] In 2015, the New Haven Unified School District will renamed Alvarado Middle School Itliong-Vera Cruz Middle School in honor of Vera Cruz and Larry Itliong[13] [14][15][16]

Cornerstone International College, located at 725 Whipple Rd., is the first post-secondary institution established in Union City.

Purple Lotus Buddhist School is a K-12 school in Union City.


Several transit systems service Union City. AC Transit, the Dumbarton Express, and the city's own Union City Transit which started in 1974 runs 9 bus lines throughout Union City and parts of Hayward.[17] The Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART) rail system came to Union City when the system opened in 1972.In 2007 the Union City Bart station was rebuilt and developed into Union City Intermodal Transit Station a second entrance planned to open in late 2016 that will provide future connections to Multimodal trains . Union City is also served by a network of high-capacity streets, with 4 exits on Interstate 880 (Nimitz Freeway) and Highway 238 also serves the city.(Mission Boulevard)

Station downtown district[edit]

Union city future growth over next 30 years from 2007 to 2030 will be centered around Union City Bart station.The City has put in 100 million us dollars into this project and aims to created a new downtown district.The new district will run from Decoto Road east of Alvarado-Niles Road, connect a new transportation hub to existing city center in additional to adding more jobs, high rise housing,office space and neighborhood shops.1,800 housing units,100,000 square feet of neighborhood-serving retail space,1 million square feet of office space are planned for the area.[18]


Union City runs a council–manager government,The City Council consists of five representatives, the Mayor and four Council members, each elected city-wide (no district elections).Mayor and elected Councilmembers serve a 4-year term, with a full 3-term limit.Carol Dutra-Vernaci is first female Mayor of Union City she took office on December 11, 2012.The two story William Cann Memorial Civic Center built in 1970 houses the City hall,Police Station headquarters and a separate Alameda County Branch Library building ,located at the corner of Alvarado-Niles Road and Royal Ann Drive .


Union City, Fremont, Newark (the Tri-Cities) has a daily newspaper called The Argus, which is part of the Bay Area News Group of newspapers.Union City Patch also serves the community and is part of the Patch.com a network community news websites that provide residents and visitors city news.

Cultural landmarks[edit]

Site of the first county courthouse
First courthouse in Alameda.jpg
The center, two-story building, is the original courthouse
Location 30977 Union City Blvd., Union City, California
Coordinates 37°35′48″N 122°04′52″W / 37.596667°N 122.0811°W / 37.596667; -122.0811
Reference No. 503[2]

The Bay Area Flight 93 Memorial is in Sugar Mill Landing Park. It was the first monument completed in the United States which was designed specifically to honor the passengers and crew of United Airlines Flight 93, which was bound for San Francisco, but was hijacked and crashed in rural Pennsylvania on September 11, 2001.[citation needed] The first sugar beet factory in the United States was located in Union City, called the California Beet Sugar Company.[2]

The Eden Landing Ecological Reserve is located at the bay shore of Union City and Hayward. Periodic waterfowl hunting is permitted.

Site of the first county courthouse[edit]

Alameda County's first courthouse was located in Union City, starting on June 6, 1853. The original courthouse was a two-story wooden building that was originally a mercantile that included a post office.[2][19] It was built by A.M. Church and Henry C. Smith. In 1865 the county seat was moved to San Leandro.[2] With the widening of Union City Blvd., the original site has since been paved over.[20] The site is listed on the California Historical Landmarks list.[2]

Masonic homes[edit]

Masonic Homes, a senior living community, has as its centerpiece a large brick building, built in the 1930s, visible from Mission Boulevard.[21] The building was identified as a significant historic property in the 1974 Historic Resource Inventory of Washington Township.[22]


Climate data for Union City, California
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 58
Average low °F (°C) 42
Precipitation inches (mm) 2.95
Source: The Weather Channel[23]

Sister cities[edit]

The Human Relations Commission, an advisory board to the Union City city council, recommends and maintains relations with international sister cities. As of 2012, five sister cities were represented:

Notable people[edit]


  1. ^ U.S. Census
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Site of the first Alameda county courthouse". Office of Historic Preservation, California State Parks. Retrieved October 6, 2012. 
  3. ^ 50 Years: Union City. Retrieved July 15, 2010.
  4. ^ All data are derived from the United States Census Bureau reports from the 2010 United States Census, and are accessible on-line here. The data on unmarried partnerships and same-sex married couples are from the Census report DEC_10_SF1_PCT15. All other housing and population data are from Census report DEC_10_DP_DPDP1. Both reports are viewable online or downloadable in a zip file containing a comma-delimited data file. The area data, from which densities are calculated, are available on-line here. Percentage totals may not add to 100% due to rounding. The Census Bureau defines families as a household containing one or more people related to the householder by birth, opposite-sex marriage, or adoption. People living in group quarters are tabulated by the Census Bureau as neither owners nor renters. For further details, see the text files accompanying the data files containing the Census reports mentioned above.
  5. ^ "Fact Sheet: Union City, California". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2010-11-24. 
  6. ^ a b c "History of Union City". City of Union City, California. Retrieved 2010-11-24. 
  7. ^ The Union City Historical Museum Letter 2 (5). Union City Historical Museum. September 2000. Retrieved 2010-11-24. 
  8. ^ "Candy"; Modern Marvels; History Channel; 2006; Viewed July 15, 2010.
  9. ^ [1]
  10. ^ [2]
  11. ^ City of Union City CAFR
  12. ^ Zoneil (April 2013). "new haven unified school-district sities". Union City patch. Retrieved April 2013. 
  13. ^ Chris De Benedetti (19 April 2013). "Union City school is nation's first named after Filipino-Americans, but acrimony over decision remains". Mercury News. Retrieved 5 May 2013. 
  14. ^ Natalie Neysa Alund (1 May 2013). "Union City: Graffiti scrawled on Filipino businesses investigated as hate crime". Contra Costa Times. Retrieved 5 May 2013. 
  15. ^ Alan Wang (30 April 2013). "Racist graffiti in Union City targets Filipinos". KGO-TV. Retrieved 5 May 2013. 
  16. ^ "Anti-Filipino graffiti slams Fil-Ams; police probing it as hate crime". Philippine Inquirer. 1 May 2013. Retrieved 5 May 2013. 
  17. ^ UC transit (September 2013). "9 new rotues". Union City Webiste. Retrieved September. 
  18. ^ Maharaj, Zoneil (March 30, 2011). "Second Phase of Intermodal Station District Underway". Union City Patch. Retrieved 2013-12-04. 
  19. ^ Swenson, Timothy. "Union City History Collection". Museum of Local History. Retrieved 31 August 2012. 
  20. ^ Timothy Swenson (27 February 2008). Union City. Arcadia Publishing. p. 78. ISBN 978-0-7385-5809-7. Retrieved 31 August 2012. 
  21. ^ "Union City Community". Masonic Homes. Retrieved 6 May 2011. 
  22. ^ "Masonic Home Independent Living Apartments". DHA Case Studies. Douglas Herring & Associates. Retrieved 6 May 2011. 
  23. ^ "Monthly Averages for Union City, CA". Weather.com. May 2012. Retrieved 2012-05-12. 
  24. ^ "Union City adds new 'sibling' to its list of sister cities", Insidebayarea.com-The Oakland Tribune/The Argus, accessed 18 August 2012
  25. ^ "Sister City Subcommittee", Human Relations Commission, Union City city government, union-city.ca.us, accessed 24 November 2010

External links[edit]