Union County, Illinois

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Union County, Illinois
Union County Courthouse in Jonesboro.jpg
Union County Courthouse in Jonesboro
Map of Illinois highlighting Union County
Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Founded January 2, 1818
Seat Jonesboro
Largest city Anna
Area
 • Total 422 sq mi (1,093 km2)
 • Land 413 sq mi (1,070 km2)
 • Water 8.7 sq mi (23 km2), 2.1%
Population
 • (2010) 17,808
 • Density 43/sq mi (17/km²)
Congressional district 12th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.unioncountyil.gov

Union County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it had a population of 17,808.[1] Its county seat is Jonesboro.[2] It is located in the southern portion of Illinois known locally as "Little Egypt".

History[edit]

Union County was formed out of Johnson County on January 2, 1818, the same year Illinois joined the Union.[3] It was named for a joint revival meeting of the Baptists and Dunkards, called a "union meeting". The county seal depicts the leaders of these two groups shaking hands.[4]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 422 square miles (1,090 km2), of which 413 square miles (1,070 km2) is land and 8.7 square miles (23 km2) (2.1%) is water.[6]

Climate and weather[edit]

Jonesboro, Illinois
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
3.6
 
42
22
 
 
3.4
 
49
27
 
 
4.7
 
60
35
 
 
4.7
 
70
44
 
 
5.2
 
78
53
 
 
4.2
 
86
62
 
 
3.3
 
90
66
 
 
3.6
 
89
64
 
 
3.1
 
82
56
 
 
3.4
 
72
45
 
 
4.8
 
58
36
 
 
4.3
 
46
27
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[7]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Jonesboro have ranged from a low of 22 °F (−6 °C) in January to a high of 90 °F (32 °C) in July, although a record low of −20 °F (−29 °C) was recorded in January 1918 and a record high of 112 °F (44 °C) was recorded in July 1901. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 3.13 inches (80 mm) in September to 5.22 inches (133 mm) in May.[7]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 2,362
1830 3,239 37.1%
1840 5,524 70.5%
1850 7,615 37.9%
1860 11,181 46.8%
1870 16,518 47.7%
1880 18,102 9.6%
1890 21,549 19.0%
1900 22,610 4.9%
1910 21,856 −3.3%
1920 20,249 −7.4%
1930 19,883 −1.8%
1940 21,528 8.3%
1950 20,500 −4.8%
1960 17,645 −13.9%
1970 16,071 −8.9%
1980 17,765 10.5%
1990 17,619 −0.8%
2000 18,293 3.8%
2010 17,808 −2.7%
Est. 2013 17,583 −1.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2013[1]

2010[edit]

Whereas according to the 2010 U.S. Census Bureau:

2000[edit]

As of the census of 2000,[12] there were 18,293 people, 7,290 households, and 4,971 families residing in the county. The population density was 44 people per square mile (17/km²). There were 7,894 housing units at an average density of 19 per square mile (7/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.28% White, 0.82% Black or African American, 0.37% Native American, 0.28% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.19% from other races, and 1.04% from two or more races. 2.63% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 23.7% were of German, 22.7% American, 11.8% English and 10.3% Irish ancestry.

There were 7,290 households out of which 30.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.60% were married couples living together, 9.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.80% were non-families. 28.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.93.

In the county the population was spread out with 23.20% under the age of 18, 7.50% from 18 to 24, 26.70% from 25 to 44, 25.10% from 45 to 64, and 17.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 94.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,994, and the median income for a family was $37,710. Males had a median income of $30,016 versus $22,305 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,450. About 10.80% of families and 16.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.80% of those under age 18 and 12.10% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Villages[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 9, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Perrin 1883, p. 285.
  4. ^ Callary, Edward (2009). Place Names of Illinois. Urbana and Chicago, Illinois: University of Illinois Press. p. 354. 
  5. ^ White, Jesse. Origin and Evolution of Illinois Counties. State of Illinois, March 2010. [1]
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Jonesboro, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 9, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 9, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 9, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 9, 2014. 
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 37°28′16″N 89°15′18″W / 37.47111°N 89.25500°W / 37.47111; -89.25500