Union Libérale Israélite de France

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Union Libérale Israélite de France synagogue, Paris

The Union Libérale Israélite de France (ULIF), sometimes called the rue Copernic synagogue, is a Reform Jewish synagogue, located in Paris, France. Founded in 1907 by Rabbi Louis-Germain Levy, it is the oldest Reform synagogue in France.[1] It has been led by Rabbi Michael Williams since 1978. Since 2012, Rabbi Yosef Kleiner is leading the ULIF.

History[edit]

The synagogue was damaged in a fascist riot in 1941, but was repaired after the war.[2]

1980 attack[edit]

The 1980 Paris synagogue bombing took place on October 3, 1980, on the eve of Simchat Torah, when the synagogue of ULIF, located in the rue Copernic, was bombed. A bomb hidden in a motorcycle went off outside the synagogue, killing four pedestrians.[3]

The bombing was the start of a string of other attacks by Arab terrorists against Jews in Europe; in August 1981, a synagogue in Vienna, Austria, was attacked by Palestinian gunmen, killing two people; in October 1981, three people were killed when a bomb went off in the center of Antwerp, Belgium.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Europe Report: Flourishing in France", by Bernard Edinger, Reform Judaism, Spring 2008 [1]
  2. ^ Synagogues of Europe: Architecture, History, Meaning, Carol Herselle Krinsky, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1985, Dover Publications, 1996, p. 253
  3. ^ Jewish Virtual History Tour, France
  4. ^ "Jewish Targets: Recent Attacks". The New York Times. 1985-09-07. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 48°52′10″N 2°17′20″E / 48.8694°N 2.2888°E / 48.8694; 2.2888