Union Public Service Commission
|Union Public Service Commission|
|Formation||October 1, 1926|
|Location||Dholpur House, Shah Jahan Road, New Delhi - 110069|
The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) is India's central agency authorized to conduct the Civil Services Examination, Engineering Services Examination, Combined Defence Services Examination, National Defence Academy Examination, Naval Academy Examination and Combined Medical Services Examination.
The agency's charter is granted by the Constitution of India. Articles 315 to 323 of Part XIV of the constitution, titled Services Under the Union and the States, provide for a Public Service Commission for the Union and for each state.
The Royal Commission on the Superior Civil Services in India under the Chairmanship of Lord Lee, which submitted its Report in 1924,recommended the setting up of the Public Service Commission. This led to the establishment of the first Public Service Commission on October 1, 1926 under the Chairmanship of Sir Ross Barker. The limited advisory function accorded to the Public Service Commission and the continued stress on this aspect by the leaders of our freedom movement resulted in the setting up of a Federal Public Service Commission under the Government of India Act, 1935. The Federal Public Service Commission became the Union Public Service Commission after Independence and it was given a Constitutional status with the promulgation of Constitution of India on January 26, 1950.
Administration and Control 
The Commission consists of a Chairman and ten Members. The terms and conditions of service of Chairman and Members of the Commission are governed by the Union Public Service Commission (Members) Regulations, 1969. The Chairman and other members of the UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) are appointed by the President of India. At least half of the members of the Commission are Civil Servants (working or retired) with minimum ten years of experience either in Central or State service.
The Commission is serviced by a Secretariat headed by a Secretary with two Additional Secretaries, a number of Joint Secretaries, Deputy Secretaries and other supporting staff.
Members of the UPSC 
Every member holds office for a term of six years or until he attains the age of sixty-five years, whichever is earlier.
He can submit his resignation at any time to the President of India. He may be removed from his office by the President of India on the ground of misbehavior (only if an inquiry of such misbehavior is made and upheld by Supreme Court) or if he is adjudged insolvent, or engages during his term of office in any paid employment outside the duties of his office, or in the opinion of the President unfit to continue in office by reason of infirmity of mind or body.
U.P.S.C. is amongst the few institutions which function with both autonomy and freedom along with the country’s higher judiciary and lately the Election Commission.
As of July 30, 2012, the Commission consists of a Chairman and 10 members. The names of the members in order of appointment to the post are :
- Shri I M G Khan
- Shri Prashanta Kumar Mishra
- Shri Vijay Singh (ex-Defence Secretary)
- Smt. Rajni Razdan
- Dr. Venkatarami Reddy Y
- Smt. Alka Sirohi
- Prof. David R. Syiemlieh
- Shri Manbir Singh (ex-IFS)
- Shri Amar Pratap Singh (Former CBI Director)
Recruitment Rules 
In accordance with the provisions contained in Article 320 of the Constitution read with the provisions of Union Public Service Commission (Exemption from Consultation) Regulations 1958, Recruitment Rules of all Group ‘A’ and Group ‘B" posts in various Ministries/Departments of Government of India are required to be framed in Consultation with the Commission. Consultation with the Commission is also necessary for framing/amending Recruitment Rules for certain categories of posts under the Employees State Insurance Corporation, The Delhi Municipal Corporation, The New Delhi Municipal Council, Employees Provident Fund Organisation etc. under the relevant Acts made by Parliament in pursuance of the provisions of Article 321.a
Gender issue in application form 
While the notification of UPSC claims"Government strives to have a workforce which reflects gender balance and women candidates are encouraged to apply ", the application form available online doesn't have the option for "others" under the category of sex.This was highlighted through an RTI appeal filed by a Madurai-based 23-year-transgender, Swapna.
The UPSC annually submits a report of its work to the President of India. Further it is sent to each house of Parliament for discussion.The commission submits an annual reporton the work done by it to the president.The president places the report of the commission before the parliament along with a memorandum with regard to the cases where the advice of the commission was not accepted and the reasons for such non-acceptance.
See also 
- "61st (2010-11) Annual Report: UPSC". Union Public Service Commission. Retrieved 2012-03-26.
- Incredible CBI, J. S. Verma, Sat Apr 11 2009, 22:18 hrs
- Composition of the Commission
- UPSC Official Website
- The Most Complete UPSC Exam Preparation Guide
- UPSC Results/Papers
- 61st (2010-11) Annual Report: UPSC
- Best IAS Coaching in Delhi