Union Revolutionary Council

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The Union Revolutionary Council (Burmese: ပြည်ထောင်စု တော်လှန်ရေး ကောင်စီ အဖွဲ့, abbreviated URC; also known as the Revolutionary Council of Burma, abbreviated RC) was the supreme governing body of Burma (now Myanmar) from 2 March 1962, following the overthrow of U Nu's civilian government, to 3 March 1974, with the promulgation of the 1974 Constitution of Burma and transfer of power to the Pyithu Hluttaw, the country's new unicameral legislature.[1][2]

The Revolutionary Council's philosophical framework was laid in the Burmese Way to Socialism, which aspired to convert Burma into a self-sustaining socialist democratic state, on 30 April 1962.[2] On 4 July 1962, the URC established the Burma Socialist Programme Party (BSPP), the country's only legal political party modelled along the lines of a Marxist-Leninist revolutionary party.[3] From 1962 to 1971, BSPP transitioned from a cadre party (consisting of elite RC affiliated member) into a mass party.[3] In the First Congress, the party had 344,226 members.[3] By 1981, BSPP had 1.5 million members.[3]

Leadership[edit]

URC was led by Ne Win, its chairman and 17 senior officers.[4]

Founding members of the Revolutionary Council, all of whom were military officers, included:[1][5][6]

  1. General Ne Win BC-3502 (Chief of Defence Staff)
  2. Brigadier Aung Gyi BC-5458 (Vice Chief of Staff) (Army)
  3. Commodore Than Pe (died 1962) (Vice Chief of Staff) (Navy)
  4. Brigadier Tin Pe (resigned 1970) BC-3508 (Quartermaster General)
  5. Brigadier Thomas 'Tommy' Clift (Vice Chief of Staff) (Air) (resigned 1964)
  6. Brigadier San Yu BC-3569 (North West Command Commander)
  7. Brigadier Sein Win BC-3525 (Central Command Commander)
  8. Colonel Kyi Maung (Sacked 1963) BC-3516 (South West Command Commander)
  9. Colonel Maung Shwe (resigned 1972) BC-3575 (Eastern Command Commander)
  10. Colonel Thaung Kyi BC-3523 (South East Command Commander)
  11. Colonel Than Sein BC-3574 (Colonel- General Staff)
  12. Colonel Tan Yu Sai (resigned 1968) BC-5090 (Director of Territorial Troops)
  13. Colonel Kyaw Soe (retired 1974) BC-3526 (Chief of Military Appointment)
  14. Colonel Khin Nyo (dismissed 1965) BC-3537 (Director of Military Training)
  15. Colonel Saw Myint (Sacked 1964) BC-3518 (Director of Frontier Administration)
  16. Colonel Chit Myaing (dismissed 1964) BC-3520 (Vice Quartermaster General)
  17. Colonel Lun Tin (resigned 1971) BC-3610

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Heinz, L.C. (6 March 1962). "An Analysis of the Current Situation in Burma". US Department of State. Retrieved 11 October 2012. 
  2. ^ a b Moscotti, Albert D. (1977). Burma's Constitution and Elections of 1974. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. pp. 171–172. 
  3. ^ a b c d Seekins, Donald M. (2006). Historical Dictionary of Burma. Scarecrow Press. ISBN 9780810854765. 
  4. ^ "Historical Background". Burma Yearbook 2000. 2000. Retrieved 11 October 2012. 
  5. ^ ""A Voluntarily abdicated Majesty" or "A Usurper": A Brief Political History of Ne Win". Retrieved 11 October 2012. 
  6. ^ Mya Maung (1991). The Burma Road to Poverty. Praeger. p. 119. ISBN 9780275936136.