Union Revolutionary Council
The Union Revolutionary Council (Burmese: ပြည်ထောင်စု တော်လှန်ရေး ကောင်စီ အဖွဲ့, abbreviated URC; also known as the Revolutionary Council of Burma, abbreviated RC) was the supreme governing body of Burma (now Myanmar) from 2 March 1962, following the overthrow of U Nu's civilian government, to 3 March 1974, with the promulgation of the 1974 Constitution of Burma and transfer of power to the Pyithu Hluttaw, the country's new unicameral legislature.
The Revolutionary Council's philosophical framework was laid in the Burmese Way to Socialism, which aspired to convert Burma into a self-sustaining socialist democratic state, on 30 April 1962. On 4 July 1962, the URC established the Burma Socialist Programme Party (BSPP), the country's only legal political party modelled along the lines of a Marxist-Leninist revolutionary party. From 1962 to 1971, BSPP transitioned from a cadre party (consisting of elite RC affiliated member) into a mass party. In the First Congress, the party had 344,226 members. By 1981, BSPP had 1.5 million members.
- General Ne Win BC-3502 (Chief of Defence Staff)
- Brigadier Aung Gyi BC-5458 (Vice Chief of Staff) (Army)
- Commodore Than Pe (died 1962) (Vice Chief of Staff) (Navy)
- Brigadier Tin Pe (resigned 1970) BC-3508 (Quartermaster General)
- Brigadier Thomas 'Tommy' Clift (Vice Chief of Staff) (Air) (resigned 1964)
- Brigadier San Yu BC-3569 (North West Command Commander)
- Brigadier Sein Win BC-3525 (Central Command Commander)
- Colonel Kyi Maung (Sacked 1963) BC-3516 (South West Command Commander)
- Colonel Maung Shwe (resigned 1972) BC-3575 (Eastern Command Commander)
- Colonel Thaung Kyi BC-3523 (South East Command Commander)
- Colonel Than Sein BC-3574 (Colonel- General Staff)
- Colonel Tan Yu Sai (resigned 1968) BC-5090 (Director of Territorial Troops)
- Colonel Kyaw Soe (retired 1974) BC-3526 (Chief of Military Appointment)
- Colonel Khin Nyo (dismissed 1965) BC-3537 (Director of Military Training)
- Colonel Saw Myint (Sacked 1964) BC-3518 (Director of Frontier Administration)
- Colonel Chit Myaing (dismissed 1964) BC-3520 (Vice Quartermaster General)
- Colonel Lun Tin (resigned 1971) BC-3610
- Heinz, L.C. (6 March 1962). "An Analysis of the Current Situation in Burma". US Department of State. Retrieved 11 October 2012.
- Moscotti, Albert D. (1977). Burma's Constitution and Elections of 1974. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. pp. 171–172.
- Seekins, Donald M. (2006). Historical Dictionary of Burma. Scarecrow Press. ISBN 9780810854765.
- "Historical Background". Burma Yearbook 2000. 2000. Retrieved 11 October 2012.
- ""A Voluntarily abdicated Majesty" or "A Usurper": A Brief Political History of Ne Win". Retrieved 11 October 2012.
- Mya Maung (1991). The Burma Road to Poverty. Praeger. p. 119. ISBN 9780275936136.