Union Station (Dallas)
Trinity Railway Express commuter rail station
DART light rail and bus station
Dallas Union Station
|Address||400 South Houston Street
Dallas, Texas 75201
|Connections||DART Routes 1, 19, 21, 60, and 722 [D-Link] (M-Sat)|
|Platforms||1 side platform, 1 island platform (Amtrak/TRE)
2 side platforms (Light Rail)
2 (Light Rail)
|Opened||14 October 1916|
|Station code||DAL (Amtrak)|
|Owned by||City of Dallas|
|Fare zone||Eastern TRE Fare Zone (TRE)|
|Passengers (2013)||56,564 1.4% (Amtrak)|
Dallas Union Terminal
|Location||400 S. Houston Street
|Area||5 acres (2.0 ha)|
|NRHP Reference #||75001966|
|Added to NRHP||May 29, 1975|
Union Station, also known as Dallas Union Terminal, is a DART Light Rail, Trinity Railway Express commuter rail, and Amtrak intercity rail station located in the Reunion district of Downtown Dallas, Texas (USA) on Houston Street, between Wood and Young Streets. The structure is a Dallas Landmark and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
The station is served by Amtrak's Texas Eagle with Chicago as the northern terminus and either San Antonio or Los Angeles to the south. The light rail station serves as a stop on the Red and Blue lines as well as the TRE. Union Station provides access to the Greyhound bus terminal, the George Allen Courts Building, Dealey Plaza, the Hyatt Regency at Reunion, Reunion Tower and Reunion Arena.
The first floor is occupied by an Amtrak ticketing window, waiting room, and privately rented offices. The second floor contains the restored Grand Hall and several meeting rooms named after railroads that previously serviced Dallas. The second floor and a mezzanine are operated by Wolfgang Puck Catering.
Constructed in 1916 as Dallas Union Terminal, the structure now known as Union Station was built to consolidate five rail stations scattered around Dallas into one, making Dallas a major transportation center in the Southwestern United States. At the peak of its usage, as many as 80 trains stopped each day at the station. It was designed by Jarvis Hunt, who designed other large train stations. Railroads served by the station included Texas & Pacific Railway, Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway, St. Louis Southwestern Railway(Cotton Belt), Fort Worth & Denver Railway, Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad, Burlington-Rock Island Railroad, St. Louis and San Francisco Railway(Frisco), Missouri–Kansas–Texas Railroad(Katy), and Southern Pacific Railroad.
Originally, the 2nd level waiting room was connected to train platforms via an overhead walkway, but this design was never popular with travelers as they needed to climb a large number of stairs. Escalators were added, but the Grand Hall was finally abandoned in favor of renovated ticketing and a waiting room on the ground floor (still in use today). Also, an underground corridor replaced the overhead walkway, with ramps at each platform.
The last privately owned passenger train to serve Union Station, the Missouri Pacific Railroad's Texas Eagle, left on May 31, 1969. Amtrak service began in 1974 with the Inter-American between St. Louis and Laredo; the train evolved into today's Texas Eagle. DART's light-rail service began at the station on June 14, 1996. The station's upper-level waiting room was re-purposed into meeting and convention space for the Hyatt Regency Dallas, which is connected via an underground walkway.
In 1934, as part of the federally sponsored Public Works of Art Project, Jerry Bywaters and Alexander Hogue were granted the first commission in Texas to create a series of 10 murals depicting events in Dallas history. They had painted them on the walls of the second-floor lobby at the old Dallas City Hall Building, located on Harwood Street between Main and Commerce Streets. In 1954, the original murals were destroyed when City Hall relocated. When the station was renovated to accommodate light rail usage, the murals were partially recreated by Phillip Lamb along the train platforms at Union Station.
Passengers at the DART Red Line platforms
- "Amtrak Fact Sheet, FY2013, State of Texas" (PDF). Amtrak. November 2013. Retrieved 3 December 2013.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09.
- Cantu, Blanca (2008-08-13). "DART celebrates 25 years with free doughnuts at Union Station". The Dallas Morning News.
- "Union Station Website". Retrieved 22 November 2009.
- "Union Station". DART.org. Retrieved 2006-05-01.
- "100 Years of History". Dallas Library. Retrieved 2006-05-01.
Media related to Union Station (Dallas) at Wikimedia Commons
- Dallas Area Rapid Transit - Union Station
- Transit-Oriented Development
- TRE - Dallas Union Station
- Amtrak Texas Eagle Station - Dallas, TX
- Amtrak – Stations – Dallas, TX
- Dallas Amtrak-DART-TRE Station (USA Rail Guide — Train Web)
- "Union Terminal Company," The Handbook of Texas Online