Union Station (Montgomery, Alabama)
Montgomery Union Station and Trainshed
Union Station in 2008.
|Architect||Benjamin Bosworth Smith|
|Architectural style||Other, Romanesque|
|NRHP Reference #||73000368|
|Added to NRHP||July 24, 1973|
|Designated NHL||December 8, 1976|
Union Station, also known as Montgomery Union Station or Montgomery Union Station and Trainshed, in Montgomery, Alabama was built by the Louisville and Nashville Railroad and opened in 1898. Erected of brick and limestone on a high bluff along the Alabama River, the station also served passenger trains of Atlantic Coast Line, Western Railway of Alabama, Seaboard Air Line, Central of Georgia, and Gulf, Mobile and Ohio Railroad. The station had six tracks under a 600 foot shed, with a coach yard on the south end of the station as well as a Railway Express Agency facility. The station's design segregated passengers by race and incorporated Romanesque Revival elements.
The number of passenger trains using Union Station declined during the 1950s and 1960s. When Amtrak came into existence in 1971, it continued passenger service through Montgomery with a single train (the South Wind, later renamed the Floridian), operating between Chicago and Miami. However, this train was terminated in 1979 and Union Station was closed.
After a period of disuse, Union Station was renovated for commercial tenants. The train shed still stands, although tracks under it have been replaced by asphalt parking.
Amtrak returned to Montgomery in 1989 with an extension of the Crescent called the Gulf Breeze from Birmingham to Mobile; but Union Station was not used. Instead, Amtrak contracted with a travel agent who occupied a former grain silo near Union Station. This Amtrak service was terminated in 1995, and Montgomery has had no passenger rail service since.
Among other tenants, Union Station currently hosts the Montgomery Area Visitor Center.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23.
- "Montgomery Union Station and Trainshed". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2007-10-24.
- Dennis M. Zembala (August 2, 1976), PDF (465 KB), National Park Service and PDF (1.87 MB)
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