Union Station (Tampa, Florida)

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Tampa Union Station
Union Station Exterior.jpg
Station statistics
Address 601 Nebraska Avenue Florida 45.svg
Tampa, FL 33602
Line(s)
Connections Thruway Motorcoach
Platforms 3 island platforms
Tracks 6
Bicycle facilities Yes
Other information
Opened 1912
Rebuilt 1998
Accessible Handicapped/disabled access
Station code TPA
Owned by City of Tampa
Traffic
Passengers (2012) 150,844[1] Increase 7.1%
Services
Preceding station   BSicon LOGO Amtrak2.svg Amtrak   Following station
Reverses direction Silver Star
toward Miami
  Former services  
Atlantic Coast Line Railroad
Terminus Main Line
Union Railroad Station
UnionStationTampa plaque02.jpg
Historic plaque
Union Station (Tampa, Florida) is located in Florida
Union Station (Tampa, Florida)
Location Tampa, Florida  United States
Coordinates 27°57′8″N 82°27′4″W / 27.95222°N 82.45111°W / 27.95222; -82.45111Coordinates: 27°57′8″N 82°27′4″W / 27.95222°N 82.45111°W / 27.95222; -82.45111
Built 1912
Architect J.F. Leitner, W.C. Hobbs Company
Architectural style Italian Renaissance Revival
Governing body Local (City of Tampa)
NRHP Reference # 74000640[2]
Added to NRHP June 5, 1974

Tampa Union Station (TUS) is a historic depot in Tampa, Florida, United States. It was designed by Joseph F. Leitner and opened on May 15, 1912, by the Tampa Union Station Company. Its original purpose was to combine passenger operations for the Atlantic Coast Line, the Seaboard Air Line and the Tampa Northern Railroad at a single site. The station is located at 601 North Nebraska Avenue (SR 45).

In 1974, as Union Railroad Station, it was added to the U.S. National Register of Historic Places and in 1988 it received local landmark status from the City of Tampa.[3]

After its condition deteriorated substantially, Tampa Union Station was closed in 1984; Amtrak passengers used a temporary prefabricated station building (nicknamed an "Amshack") located adjacent to the station platforms after the building was closed.

Tampa Union Station was restored and reopened to the public in 1998. Today it operates as an Amtrak station for the Silver Star line. It also provides Amtrak Thruway Motorcoach services to Orlando, Lakeland, Pinellas Park-St. Petersburg, Bradenton, Sarasota, Port Charlotte and Fort Myers.[4]

Design[edit]

Union Station in 1922

The station was originally built with eight tracks, only one is in regular use today (designated as "Track 2"), with adjacent Track 3 used for private railroad cars and special display trains on occasion (as is the case during National Train Day celebrations at the station, when Amtrak equipment is displayed on Track 3 [5]). Although the other tracks remain in place, they are out of service; some have been severed from the main track. Original track bumpers, constructed of poured concrete, are also still located at the end of several of the remaining tracks. Adjacent to each of these bumpers are flower pots that have "TUS" imprinted on them.

Other buildings are unused and in derelict condition, including the train wash and car repair facility; both of these elements were added by Amtrak in the 1980s.

Ownership and management[edit]

The City of Tampa's Real Estate Division manages Tampa Union Station for the City. The Division has leased portions of the facility to private tenants, including a second floor office once occupied by the Pullman Company. Part of the former baggage building—which once housed the station's restaurant—is leased to a local real estate firm. Another portion of the baggage building (including the baggage storage and scale area) was leased to art gallery Flight 19 from 2004 to 2008, although it is currently vacant.

In September 2008, a permanent endowment for the care and upkeep of Tampa Union Station was established at the Community Foundation of Tampa Bay[6] by a group of private donors. Income from the endowment goes to the City of Tampa to assist with the maintenance of the facility.

Additionally, 2008 saw the founding of Friends of Tampa Union Station,[7] an all volunteer, nonprofit organization which advocates for the preservation and use of Tampa Union Station as both a landmark and transportation asset. The group was founded in cooperation with the City of Tampa and the Florida Coalition of Rail Passengers.

Restoration[edit]

Tampa Union Station was acquired in 1991 by the nonprofit Tampa Union Station Preservation & Redevelopment Inc. (TUSP&R) via a mortgage held by CSX, the freight railroad company which was the corporate descendant of its original railroad owners. TUSP&R raised over 4 million USD for the building's restoration through grants and loans from sources including the Florida Department of Transportation (ISTEA funds), the City of Tampa (grant funds) and the National Trust for Historic Preservation (no interest loan). At the completion of the restoration by Rowe Architects Incorporated in 1998, the station reopened to Amtrak passengers and the public. CSX donated the station to the City of Tampa that same year.[8]

During the course of the restoration, numerous abandoned documents from the Pullman Company, Tampa Union Station Company, and the Seaboard Air Line Railroad were discovered in the station. TUSP&R volunteers sorted these documents and preserved them by archiving them at the University of South Florida Library (USF) Special Collections Department[9] and (in the case of the Pullman Company materials), the Newberry Library in Chicago.[10]

Tributes[edit]

The City of Tampa's official Poet Laureate, James E. Tokley, Sr., in 2009 authored a poem, "The Epic of Union Station" which commemorates Tampa Union Station's history. Mr. Tokley performed a dramatic reading of the poem at Union Station on May 9, 2009, as part of National Train Day festivities held at the station on that day.[11]

On May 12, 2012, on the occasion of the station's Centennial celebration and National Train Day, Tampa Union Station was officially added to the National Register of Historic Railroad Landmarks by the National Railway Historical Society (NRHS). Officials of the NRHS presented a commemorative plaque to the station at the event which notes this designation.[12]

Connections[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

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