Union Township, Hunterdon County, New Jersey

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Union Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of Union
Map of Union Township in Hunterdon County. Inset: Location of Hunterdon County in New Jersey.
Map of Union Township in Hunterdon County. Inset: Location of Hunterdon County in New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Union Township, Hunterdon County, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Union Township, Hunterdon County, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°37′56″N 74°57′54″W / 40.632215°N 74.964965°W / 40.632215; -74.964965Coordinates: 40°37′56″N 74°57′54″W / 40.632215°N 74.964965°W / 40.632215; -74.964965[1][2]
Country United States
State New Jersey
County Hunterdon
Incorporated February 17, 1853
Government[5]
 • Type Township
 • Mayor Michele McBride (term ends December 31, 2013)[3]
 • Clerk Ella M. Ruta[4]
Area[2]
 • Total 20.609 sq mi (53.378 km2)
 • Land 18.737 sq mi (48.528 km2)
 • Water 1.872 sq mi (4.850 km2)  9.09%
Area rank 138th of 566 in state
14th of 26 in county[2]
Elevation[6] 407 ft (124 m)
Population (2010 Census)[7][8][9]
 • Total 5,908
 • Estimate (2012[10]) 5,737
 • Rank 349th of 566 in state
6th of 26 in county[11]
 • Density 315.3/sq mi (121.7/km2)
 • Density rank 475th of 566 in state
16th of 26 in county[11]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08827 - Hampton[12]
Area code(s) 908
FIPS code 3401974420[13][2][14]
GNIS feature ID 0882188[15][2]
Website http://www.uniontwp-hcnj.gov

Union Township is a township in Hunterdon County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 5,908,[7][8][9] reflecting a decline of 252 (-4.1%) from the 6,160 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 1,082 (+21.3%) from the 5,078 counted in the 1990 Census.[16] The southwest half of the township lies on what is known as the Hunterdon Plateau, the northwest corner consists of the Musconetcong Ridge and the northeast section is part of the lower-lying Newark Basin around Spruce Run Reservoir.

Union was incorporated as a township by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 17, 1853, from portions of Bethlehem Township. Clinton Town was formed on April 5, 1865, within portions of the township, and became an independent municipality in 1895.[17]

The township was named for Union Furnace, which was producing iron as early as 1700. Union Furnace and its forge produced cannon balls for the Revolutionary War and shoes for horses and oxen, as well as farm implements. Forests gave way to farm fields as trees were cut down to stoke the furnace. A farm community then developed along with the accompanying industries of basket making and tanning.[18]

New Jersey Monthly magazine ranked Union Township as its 21st best place to live in its 2008 rankings of the "Best Places To Live" in New Jersey.[19]

Geography[edit]

Union Township is located at 40°37′56″N 74°57′54″W / 40.632215°N 74.964965°W / 40.632215; -74.964965 (40.632215,-74.964965). According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 20.609 square miles (53.378 km2), of which, 18.737 square miles (48.528 km2) of it is land and 1.872 square miles (4.850 km2) of it (9.09%) is water.[1][2]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 1,217
1870 1,051 −13.6%
1880 1,167 11.0%
1890 1,134 −2.8%
1900 918 −19.0%
1910 930 1.3%
1920 834 −10.3%
1930 1,152 38.1%
1940 1,303 13.1%
1950 1,557 19.5%
1960 1,717 10.3%
1970 2,351 36.9%
1980 3,971 68.9%
1990 5,078 27.9%
2000 6,160 21.3%
2010 5,908 −4.1%
Est. 2012 5,737 [10] −2.9%
Population sources: 1860-1920[20]
1870[21]
1880-1890[22] 1890-1910[23]
1910-1930[24] 1930-1990[25]
2000[26][27] 2010[7][8][9]

2010 Census[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 5,908 people, 1,752 households, and 1,221 families residing in the township. The population density was 315.3 per square mile (121.7 /km2). There were 1,830 housing units at an average density of 97.7 per square mile (37.7 /km2). The racial makeup of the township was 83.21% (4,916) White, 9.06% (535) Black or African American, 0.15% (9) Native American, 4.13% (244) Asian, 0.05% (3) Pacific Islander, 1.61% (95) from other races, and 1.79% (106) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 6.08% (359) of the population.[7]

There were 1,752 households of which 33.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.6% were married couples living together, 5.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.3% were non-families. 24.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.12.[7]

In the township, 18.4% of the population were under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 27.8% from 25 to 44, 37.6% from 45 to 64, and 9.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43.7 years. For every 100 females there were 77.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 73.2 males.[7]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $103,304 (with a margin of error of +/- $11,761) and the median family income was $126,157 (+/- $23,039). Males had a median income of $97,548 (+/- $31,580) versus $62,130 (+/- $7,607) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $33,753 (+/- $7,431). About 0.0% of families and 12.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 0.0% of those under age 18 and 13.8% of those age 65 or over.[28]

2000 Census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[13] there were 6,160 people, 1,666 households, and 1,162 families residing in the township. The population density was 324.8 people per square mile (125.4/km²). There were 1,725 housing units at an average density of 90.9 per square mile (35.1/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 81.83% White, 13.36% African American, 0.18% Native American, 1.59% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.59% from other races, and 1.43% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.13% of the population.[26][27]

There were 1,666 households out of which 35.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.4% were married couples living together, 4.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.2% were non-families. 24.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.18.[26][27]

In the township the population was spread out with 19.2% under the age of 18, 5.9% from 18 to 24, 43.4% from 25 to 44, 25.0% from 45 to 64, and 6.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 71.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 65.2 males.[26][27]

The median income for a household in the township was $81,089, and the median income for a family was $102,146. Males had a median income of $64,375 versus $41,795 for females. The per capita income for the township was $29,535. About 0.4% of families and 1.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.3% of those under age 18 and 4.2% of those age 65 or over.[26][27]

Surrounding communities[edit]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Union Township is governed under the Township form of government with a five-member Township Committee. The Township Committee is elected directly by the voters in partisan elections to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with one or two seats coming up for election each year.[5] At an annual reorganization meeting, the Township Committee selects one of its members to serve as Mayor and another as Deputy Mayor.

As of 2012, members of the Union Township Committee are Mayor William F. Bischoff, Jr. (term ends December 31, 2012), Deputy Mayor Michele McBride (2013), Bruce Hirt (2014), Frank T. Mazza (2014) and Matt Severino (2012).[29][30]

In 2010, the Township's Environmental Commission earned Union Township the distinction of becoming the first community in Hunterdon County to achieve certification under the Sustainable Jersey program.[31]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Union Township is located in the 7th Congressional District[32] and is part of New Jersey's 23rd state legislative district.[8][33][34]

New Jersey's Seventh Congressional District is represented by Leonard Lance (R, Clinton Township).[35] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[36][37] and Bob Menendez (D, North Bergen).[38][39]

For the 2014-2015 Session, the 23rd Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Michael J. Doherty (R, Washington Township, Warren County) and in the General Assembly by John DiMaio (R, Hackettstown) and Erik Peterson (R, Franklin Township, Hunterdon County).[40][41] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[42] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[43]

Hunterdon County is governed by a five-member Board of Chosen Freeholders, who serve three-year terms of office at-large on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats up for election each year. At an annual reorganization meeting held each January, the freeholders select one member to serve as the board's Director and another to serve as Deputy Director.[44] As of 2013, Hunterdon County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Robert G. Walton (Hampton, 2014),[45] Freeholder Deputy Director J. Matthew Holt (Clinton Town, 2015),[46] John King (Raritan Township, 2015), George B. Melick (Tewksbury Township, 2013)[47] and William G. Mennen (Tewksbury Township, 2013).[48].[49] Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk Mary H. Melfi (Flemington, 2014),[50] Sheriff Fredrick W. Brown (Alexandria Township, 2013)[51] Surrogate Susan J. Hoffman (Kingwood Township, 2013).[52][53]

Two state facilities, the New Jersey Department of Corrections Edna Mahan Correctional Facility for Women,[54] and the New Jersey Department of Human Services Hunterdon Developmental Center,[55] are located in Union Township.[56][57]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 3,226 registered voters in Union Township, of which 574 (17.8%) were registered as Democrats, 1,335 (41.4%) were registered as Republicans and 1,312 (40.7%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 5 voters registered to other parties.[58]

In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 58.9% of the vote here (1,568 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 38.7% (1,030 votes) and other candidates with 1.3% (35 votes), among the 2,662 ballots cast by the township's 3,265 registered voters, for a turnout of 81.5%.[59] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 64.3% of the vote here (1,566 ballots cast), outpolling Democrat John Kerry with 35.3% (860 votes) and other candidates with 1.1% (34 votes), among the 2,437 ballots cast by the township's 2,992 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 81.5.[60]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 70.9% of the vote here (1,303 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 19.9% (366 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 7.6% (139 votes) and other candidates with 0.4% (7 votes), among the 1,837 ballots cast by the township's 3,214 registered voters, yielding a 57.2% turnout.[61]

Education[edit]

The Union Township School District serves students in pre-kindergarten through eighth grade. Schools in the district (with 2010-11 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[62] are: Union Township Elementary School (grades pREK-4; 271 students) and Union Township Middle School (5-8; 242).

Students in grades 9 through 12 attend North Hunterdon High School in Annandale as part of the North Hunterdon-Voorhees Regional High School District. North Hunterdon High School serves students from Bethlehem Township, Clinton Town, Clinton Township, Franklin Township), Lebanon Borough and Union Township.[63]

Public school students in grades 9 through 12 attend North Hunterdon High School in Annandale as part of the North Hunterdon-Voorhees Regional High School District. North Hunterdon High School serves students from Bethlehem Township, Clinton Town, Clinton Township, Franklin Township, Lebanon Borough and Union Township.[64][65]

Transportation[edit]

Union is easily accessible by a variety of roads. CR 513 runs along the southeastern border while CR 579 goes along the southwestern border. Route 173 passes through the center and eventually merges briefly with both I-78 and U.S. 22 which also run through the center.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f County Subdivisions: New Jersey - 2010 Census Gazetteer Files, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 9, 2013.
  3. ^ 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 13, 2013.
  4. ^ Office of the Clerk, Township of Union. Accessed November 15, 2012.
  5. ^ a b 2005 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, April 2005, p. 103.
  6. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of Union, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 14, 2013.
  7. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Union township, Hunterdon County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 15, 2012.
  8. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 10. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  9. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Union township, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed November 15, 2012.
  10. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012 - 2012 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 7, 2013.
  11. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 15, 2012.
  12. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Hampton, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed November 15, 2012.
  13. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  14. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed October 31, 2012.
  15. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  16. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed November 15, 2012.
  17. ^ Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 157. Accessed October 25, 2012.
  18. ^ Union Township page, Hunterdon County Website, Accessed January 4, 2012.
  19. ^ "Best Places To Live - The Complete Top Towns List 1-100", New Jersey Monthly, February 21, 2008. Accessed February 24, 2008.
  20. ^ Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed July 21, 2013.
  21. ^ Walker, Francis A. A Compendium of the Ninth Census, 1870, United States Census Bureau, 1872. Accessed November 15, 2012.
  22. ^ Porter, Robert Percival. Preliminary Results as Contained in the Eleventh Census Bulletins: Volume III - 51 to 75, p. 98. United States Census Bureau, 1890. Accessed November 15, 2012.
  23. ^ Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 337. Accessed November 15, 2012.
  24. ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 716. Accessed November 15, 2012.
  25. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 2, 2009. Accessed November 15, 2012.
  26. ^ a b c d e Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Union township, Hunterdon County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 15, 2012.
  27. ^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Union township, Hunterdon County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 15, 2012.
  28. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Union township, Hunterdon County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 15, 2012.
  29. ^ Township Committee, Township of Union. Accessed November 15, 2012.
  30. ^ Web page for the Township of Union, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed November 15, 2012.
  31. ^ Sanabria, Gabby. "Sustainable Jersey certifies Union Twp. for environmental efforts", Hunterdon County Democrat, November 15, 2010. Accessed December 12, 2011. "The township has become the first Hunterdon County community to be Sustainable Jersey certified.... The township is one of 38 municipalities to achieve certification this year, said Chuck La Tournous, chairman of the township team."
  32. ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  33. ^ 2012 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 65, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  34. ^ Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  35. ^ Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
  36. ^ Cory A. Booker, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  37. ^ Nutt, Amy Ellis (October 31, 2013). "Booker is officially a U.S. senator after being sworn in". NJ.com/Associated Press. Accessed October 31, 2013. "Former Newark Mayor Cory Booker was sworn in as a Democratic senator from New Jersey today, taking the oath of office, exchanging hugs with Vice President Joe Biden and acknowledging the applause of friends and family members seated in the visitor's gallery that rings the chamber.... Booker, 44, was elected to fill out the term of the late Sen. Frank Lautenberg, who died earlier this year."
  38. ^ Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013. "He currently lives in North Bergen and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
  39. ^ Senators of the 113th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  40. ^ Legislative Roster 2014-2015 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed February 7, 2014.
  41. ^ District 23 Legislators, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed February 7, 2014.
  42. ^ "About the Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  43. ^ "About the Lieutenant Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  44. ^ About the Board, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  45. ^ Robert Walton, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  46. ^ Matt Holt, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  47. ^ George B. Melick, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  48. ^ William Mennen, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  49. ^ Hunterdon County Board of Chosen Freeholders, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  50. ^ Hunterdon County Clerk Mary H. Melfi, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  51. ^ Frederick W. Brown; Hunterdon County Sheriff, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  52. ^ Surrogate Susan J. Hoffman, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  53. ^ Elected Officials, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  54. ^ Edna Mahan Driving Directions. New Jersey Department of Corrections. Retrieved on December 1, 2010. "30 COUNTY ROUTE 513 CLINTON, NEW JERSEY."
  55. ^ "Hunterdon Developmental Center." New Jersey Department of Human Services. Retrieved on December 1, 2010. "30 COUNTY ROUTE 513 CLINTON, NEW JERSEY."
  56. ^ Union township, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on December 1, 2010.
  57. ^ Clinton town, New Jersey. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on December 1, 2010.
  58. ^ Voter Registration Summary - Hunterdon, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 23, 2011. Accessed November 15, 2012.
  59. ^ 2008 Presidential General Election Results: Hunterdon County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2008. Accessed November 15, 2012.
  60. ^ 2004 Presidential Election: Hunterdon County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 13, 2004. Accessed November 15, 2012.
  61. ^ 2009 Governor: Hunterdon County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed November 15, 2012.
  62. ^ Data for the Union Township School, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed November 15, 2012.
  63. ^ About the North Hunterdon-Voorhees Regional High School District, North Hunterdon-Voorhees Regional High School District. Accessed June 26, 2008. "North Hunterdon High School educates students from: Bethlehem Township, Clinton Town, Clinton Township, Franklin Township, Lebanon Borough, Union Township"
  64. ^ About the North Hunterdon-Voorhees Regional High School District, North Hunterdon-Voorhees Regional High School District. Accessed November 15, 2012. "North Hunterdon High School educates students from: Bethlehem Township, Clinton Town, Clinton Township, Franklin Township, Lebanon Borough, Union Township"
  65. ^ Public School Directory 2012-2013, p. 60. Hunterdon County Department of Education. Accessed November 15, 2012.

External links[edit]