Union of the Centre (2008)

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For the historical party with the same name, see Union of the Centre (1993).
Union of the Centre
Unione di Centro
Founder Pier Ferdinando Casini
Secretary Lorenzo Cesa
President Gianpiero D'Alia
Founded 28 February 2008
Headquarters Via Due Macelli, 66
00187 Rome
Membership  (2011) 220,000[citation needed]
Ideology Christian democracy
Social conservatism[1]
Political position Centre[2][3]
National affiliation For Italy, NCD–UdC
International affiliation Centrist Democrat International
European affiliation European People's Party
European Parliament group European People's Party
Chamber of Deputies
6 / 630
Senate
2 / 315
European Parliament
1 / 73
Website
www.udc-italia.it
Politics of Italy
Political parties
Elections

The Union of the Centre (Italian: Unione di Centro, UdC) is a Christian democratic[4] political party in Italy. The party is led by Lorenzo Cesa, but its most notable member is Pier Ferdinando Casini.

Its main component is the Union of Christian and Centre Democrats (UDC), but several minor and regional parties are (or have been) affiliated too: The Rose for Italy, the Populars for the Constituent Assembly of the Centre, the Liberal Clubs, the Party of Christian Democracy, Christian Democratic Party, Veneto for the European People's Party, the Democratic Populars and the Autonomist Democrats. However, as most of the members of these parties have joined the UDC too, the UdC and the UDC overlap almost completely and, in fact, the two structures share the organisation and the website.

History[edit]

The UdC was formed for the 2008 general election by an initiative of Pier Ferdinando Casini, leader of the UDC. In the run-up of the election Ciriaco de Mita, former leader of Christian Democracy (DC) and later member of the Democratic Party (PD) joined the UdC and was a candidate for the Senate.[5] In the election the UdC won 5.6% of the vote, 36 deputies (all UDC members but four) and 3 senators. Soon after the election, Mario Baccini, one of the leaders of The Rose, surprisingly joined The People of Freedom (PdL),[6] making the future of the alliance uncertain.

Casini relaunched his plan for a new "centrist" party, alternative both to the PdL and the PD. This is what he called the "party of the nation", open to "centrists", "Christian democrats", "liberals" and "reformers", even though he presented it as a party based on Christian values, as opposed both to the PD and the PdL, that, despite being a centre-right party, includes also social-liberal factions.[7][8][9] The new party, evolution of the UdC, would emerge sometime in the future. Casini has long criticized the PdL for not being "Catholic" enough, particularly criticizing Silvio Berlusconi, who once spoke of "anarchy of values" in describing the catch-all nature of the PdL,[10] and Gianfranco Fini, who was known for his social-liberal stance on stem-cell research, abortion and right-to-die issues,[11] and explicitly wooed the "Christian democrats of the PD" to join him.[12]

In the 2009 European Parliament election the UdC won 6.5% of the vote and five of its candidates were elected to the European Parliament, including De Mita and Magdi Allam. In the 2010 regional elections the UdC chose to form alliances both with the centre-right and the centre-left (or to stand alone) in different regions, depending on local conditions,[13] losing ground everywhere but in those Southern regions where it was in alliance with the centre-right.

In December 2010 the UdC was a founding member of the New Pole for Italy (NPI), composed also of Future and Freedom (FLI) and Alliance for Italy.[14][15] The three parties, which were supporters of Mario Monti's technocratic government in 2011–2013, later parted ways.

The UdC contested the 2013 general election as part of the With Monti for Italy coalition, alongside FLI and Monti's Civic Choice. The UdC obtained a mere 1.8% of the vote, eight deputies and two senators, but managed to participate both in the Letta Cabinet (2013–2014) and Renzi Cabinet (since 2014).

The UdC ran in the 2014 European Parliament election on a joint list with the New Centre-Right (NCD), a Christian-democratic outfit emerged from a split from the PdL in its final days. The list obtained 4.4% of the vote and three MEPs, two for NCD and one for the UdC.

Constituent parties[edit]

Popular support[edit]

The electoral results of the Union of the Centre, previously known as Union of Christian and Centre Democrats, in the 10 most populated regions of Italy are shown in the table below. As the UDC was founded in 2002, the electoral results from 1994 to 2001 refer to the combined result of the precursor parties.

The Christian Democratic Centre (CCD) and the United Christian Democrats (CDU), direct predecessors of the UDC, formed joint electoral lists with Forza Italia respectively in 1994 (general) and 1995 (regional). The results of 1995 (regional) refer to CCD alone, those of 1996 (general) to the CCD-CDU joint-list, those of 1996 (Sicilian regional), 1999 (European) and 2000 (regional) to the combined result of CCD and CDU, those of 2001 (general) to the combined result of the CCD-CDU joint-list and of European Democracy (DE), which formed a separate list, that of 2001 (Sicilian regional) to the combined results of CCD, CDU and DE.

Since 2004 (European) the results refer to the UDC. The 2006 (Sicilian regional) refers to the combined result of the UDC (13.0) and of L'Aquilone–Lista del Presidente (5.7%), personal list of UDC regional leader Salvatore Cuffaro. The elected members of this list were all UDC members.

1994 general 1995 regional 1996 general 1999 European 2000 regional 2001 general 2004 European 2005 regional 2006 general 2008 general 2009 European 2010 regional 2013 general
Piedmont with FI 3.0 4.4 3.3 4.5 3.5 5.0 4.6 6.2 5.2 6.1 3.9 1.2
Lombardy with FI 2.2 4.6 3.5 4.1 3.4 3.6 3.8 5.9 4.3 5.0 3.8 1.1
Veneto with FI 3.6 5.4 5.4 6.8 5.0 5.0 6.4 7.8 5.6 6.4 4.9 1.7
Emilia-Romagna with FI 4.8 4.8 2.7 3.7 3.4 2.8 3.9 5.8 4.3 4.7 3.8 1.1
Tuscany with FI 2.5 4.8 3.2 4.2 3.3 3.3 3.7 5.9 4.2 4.6 4.8 1.1
Lazio with FI 4.2 4.7 4.8 6.7 4.8 7.1 7.8 6.9 4.8 5.5 6.1 1.5
Campania with FI 9.7 8.0 6.8 8.5 7.5 7.0 6.7 6.8 6.5 8.7 9.4 3.6
Apulia with FI 5.6 7.6 6.0 6.2 6.8 8.1 7.8 7.8 7.9 9.1 6.5 2.0
Calabria with FI 9.0 9.0 9.4 13.3 9.5 9.6 10.4 7.7 8.2 9.3 9.4 4.1
Sicily with FI 19.0 (1996) 8.1 7.9 24.3 (2001) 14.4 14.0 18.7 (2006) 10.0 9.4 11.9 12.5 (2008) 2.8
ITALY - - 5.8 4.8 - 5.6 5.9 - 6.8 5.6 6.5 - 1.8

Electoral results[edit]

Italian Parliament[edit]

Chamber of Deputies
Election year # of
overall votes
 % of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
+/– Leader
2008 2,050,309 (#4) 5.6
36 / 630
Pier Ferdinando Casini
2013 608,199 (#9) 1.8
8 / 630
Decrease 28 Pier Ferdinando Casini
Senate of the Republic
Election year # of
overall votes
 % of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
+/– Leader
2008 1,898,842 (#4) 5.7
3 / 315
Pier Ferdinando Casini
2013 2,797,486* (#4) 9.1*
2 / 315
Decrease 1 Pier Ferdinando Casini
Notes

European Parliament[edit]

Election year # of
overall votes
 % of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
+/– Leader
2009 1,995,021 6.5
5 / 72
Pier Ferdinando Casini
2014 1,202,350 4.4
1 / 73
Decrease4
Pier Ferdinando Casini

Symbols[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Parties and Elections in Europe. Parties-and-elections.eu. Retrieved on 2013-08-24.
  2. ^ I cattolici oltre la politica. Il senso della testimonianza. Effatà Editrice IT. 2010. 
  3. ^ Italian Politics: Frustrated Aspirations for Change. Berghahn Books. 2008. , pp. 70-80
  4. ^ Hideko Magara; Stefano Sacchi (31 October 2013). The Politics of Structural Reforms: Social and Industrial Policy Change in Italy and Japan. Edward Elgar Publishing. p. 111. ISBN 978-0-85793-293-8. 
  5. ^ "Ciriaco si presenta lo stesso con l' Udc "Non troverà nessuno che la sostenga"". Archiviostorico.corriere.it. 2009-12-24. Retrieved 2010-12-17. 
  6. ^ "L'Udc scappa di mano a Pierferdy". Lastampa.It. 2008-02-05. Retrieved 2010-12-17. 
  7. ^ http://www.udc-italia.it/site_upload/articoli/3493d4cb677f6822f24baab79a8ae0ed.pdf
  8. ^ "Adnkronos Politica". Adnkronos.com. Retrieved 2010-12-17. 
  9. ^ “” (2009-04-04). "Verso il Partito della Nazione: Casini, siamo noi l'alternativa vera". YouTube. Retrieved 2010-12-17. 
  10. ^ http://www.brunotabacci.it/rassegnapdf2/6119.pdf
  11. ^ "Casini all' attacco di Fini E sul Pd: i dc scelgano noi". Archiviostorico.corriere.it. 2009-12-24. Retrieved 2010-12-17. 
  12. ^ "notizie di economia, finanza, borsa, mercato, euro e petrolio". Wall Street Italia. Retrieved 2010-12-17. 
  13. ^ "L' Udc lancia la sua sfida "Accordi mirati con Pdl e Pd oppure andremo da soli"". Archiviostorico.corriere.it. 2009-12-24. Retrieved 2010-12-17. 
  14. ^ Nasce il Polo della nazione. Archiviostorico.corriere.it. Retrieved on 2013-08-24.
  15. ^ Fini: dimissioni? Opzione che non esiste E Bossi invita ad «abbassare i toni». Archiviostorico.corriere.it. Retrieved on 2013-08-24.