Unisan, Quezon

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Nickname(s): The First Capital of Quezon
Map of Quezon showing the location of Unisan
Map of Quezon showing the location of Unisan
Unisan is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 13°50′N 121°59′E / 13.833°N 121.983°E / 13.833; 121.983Coordinates: 13°50′N 121°59′E / 13.833°N 121.983°E / 13.833; 121.983
Country Philippines
Region CALABARZON (Region IV-A)
Province Quezon
District 3rd district of Quezon
Formed 1876
Barangays 36
 • Mayor Nonato E. Puache
 • Total 124.15 km2 (47.93 sq mi)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 25,186
 • Density 200/km2 (530/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 4305
Dialing code 42
Income class 4th class

Unisan is a fourth class municipality in the province of Quezon, Philippines, and is the first capital of the province of Kalilayan, now Quezon. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 25,186 people.[3]


The name of Unisan may have been derived from the Spanish verb unir, meaning "unite". At that time inhabitants, which were composed of strangers from different parts of the island, were united and wanted to call the town Unisan, a corruption of the words union and unidos for the sake of euphony.[4]

There is another, more plausible version which related that the name was derived from the Latin words uni-sancti, meaning "one saint" or "in honor of a saint", possibly referring to Friar Pedro Bautista, once a missionary to Unisan when this town was still Kalilayan and later canonized saint following his martyrdom while a missionary in Japan.[4] Uni-Sancti was made Unisan for short and to suit the Visayan and Caviteño tongues.


Unisan is politically subdivided into 36 barangays.[2] San Roque was formerly a sitio of barrio Tagumpay.[5]

  • Almacén
  • Balagtás
  • Balanacan
  • Bulo Ibabâ
  • Bulo Ilaya
  • Bonifacio
  • Burgos
  • Caigdál
  • General Luna
  • Kalilayan Ibabâ
  • Cabulihan Ibabâ
  • Mairok Ibaba
  • Kalilayan Ilaya
  • Cabulihan Ilaya
  • Mabini
  • Mairok Ilaya
  • Malvar
  • Maputat
  • Muliguin
  • Pagaguasan
  • Panaon Ibabâ
  • Panaon Ilaya
  • Pláridel
  • F. De Jesús (Pob.)
  • R. Lapu-lapu (Pob.)
  • Raja Solimán (Pob.)
  • R. Magsaysay (Pob.)
  • Poctol
  • Punta
  • Rizal Ibabâ
  • Rizal Ilaya
  • San Roque
  • Socorro
  • Tagumpay
  • Tubas
  • Tubigan


Unisan, originally called Kalilayan, could be considered the oldest town in the Philippines. As early as 1521, the town of Kalilayan was founded by Malayan settlers. All other towns in the country were established not earlier than 1565, when Spain formally occupied the Philippines as a colony. During the latter part of the 19th century, traditions said that the real founder of the town was a Malayan queen called of Ladya. Hence her title was "Queen of Kalilayan".[citation needed]

It is believed that the founding occurred in the Middle Ages when immigration of the Malayans to this country was still predominant. That was before the advent of Islam in the East Indies. This proven by the fact that no traces of Mohamed’s Creed were found in that part of the Philippines when the Europeans arrived.

The name Kalilayan derived from the Tagalog root word lilay, referring to a kind of palm similar to buri with the smaller leaves in the size of anahaw leaves that grew once in abundance.

In February 1876, Kalilayan was separated from Pitogo and became an independent municipality. At the same time, it was renamed to Unisan which was derived from the Latin word uni-sancti, meaning "holy saint".[4][6]


Population census of Unisan
Year Pop.   ±% p.a.  
1990 19,851 —    
1995 21,509 +1.62%
2000 21,252 −0.24%
2007 23,911 +1.70%
2010 25,186 +1.75%
Source: National Statistics Office[3]

Local government[edit]


List of former municipal mayors:

  • Gerardo M. Maxino 1941–1945
  • Pedro Constantino, Jr (Appointed) 1945–1946
  • Romualdo Vargas 1946–1955
  • Joaquin M. Carillo 1955–1967
  • Ramoncito C. Vera Cruz 1968–1972; Re-elected 1980–1986
  • Arturo I. Constantino, Sr. 1972–1980; Re-elected but died
  • Ramoncito C. Vera Cruz (Acted Mayor) 1980–1986
  • Joselito V. Tolentino (OIC) 1986–1987; Elected 1988–1992
  • Nonato E. Puache 1992–2001
  • Cesar P. Alpay 2001–2004
  • Nonato E. Puache 2004–2007
  • Cesar P. Alpay 2007–2010
  • Nonato E. Puache 2010–present
  • Francisco de Jesus (????)

Appointed OIC:

  • Rodolfo B. Matociños 12-01-1987 to 01-01-1988
  • Renato V. Tolentino 01-01-1988 to 02-03-1988


Municipal Vice-Mayors:

  • (OIC) 1986–1987; 1988–1992
  • Ferdinand Adulta, 2010–present


  1. ^ "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 11 September 2013. Retrieved 27 November 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Province: QUEZON". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 27 November 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 27 November 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c "Municipality of Unisan". Quezon Province. Retrieved 2012-10-10. 
  5. ^ "An Act Creating the Barrio of San Roque in the Municipality of Unisan, Province of Quezon". LawPH.com. Retrieved 2011-04-11. 
  6. ^ Philippine Daily Inquirer

External links[edit]