List of accidents and incidents involving the Boeing 727

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Since the first flight of the prototype in February 1963, a total of 118 of the 1,832 Boeing 727s built have been lost due to crashes, terrorist acts and other causes as of May 2014.[1]

1965-1969[edit]

  • On August 16, 1965, United Airlines Flight 389, a new 727-100, crashed into Lake Michigan 30 miles east northeast of Chicago's O'Hare Airport. The crew was told to descend and maintain 6,000 feet (1,800 m), which was the last radio communication with the flight. The CAB was not able to determine why the airliner continued its descent into the water.
  • On November 8, 1965, American Airlines Flight 383, a 727-100, crashed on approach to the Greater Cincinnati Airport. Of the 62 people on board, only three passengers and one flight attendant survived. The investigation determined that the probable cause of the accident was the failure of the crew to properly monitor the altimeters during a visual approach into deteriorating visibility conditions.
  • On November 11, 1965, United Airlines Flight 227, a 727-100, departed New York-LaGuardia for a flight to San Francisco via Cleveland, Chicago, Denver, and Salt Lake City. Flight 227 crashed on landing at Salt Lake City International Airport, causing the deaths of 43 of the 91 people on board. The Investigation determined that the cause of the accident was the captain's decision to approach the airport too steeply.
  • On February 4, 1966, All Nippon Airways Flight 60, a 727-100, was on approach to Tokyo's Haneda Airport at night when it crashed into the sea 6.5 miles (10.5 km) from the airport. All 7 crew and all 126 passengers died. A cause for the accident could not be determined.
  • On November 15, 1966, Pan Am Flight 708, a 727-100, crashed in the morning west-southwest of Tegel Airport in Berlin, Germany while on initial approach. All three crew members on board perished. A cause of the accident could not be determined.
  • On July 19, 1967, Piedmont Airlines Flight 22 collided with a twin-engine Cessna 310 shortly after departing Asheville Regional Airport in Asheville, North Carolina. All 79 passengers and crew on board the 727 and all 3 people in the Cessna died.
  • On February 16, 1968, Civil Air Transport Flight 010, a 727-100C, crashed on approach to Taipei, Republic of China. The flight carried 63 passengers and crew; 21 passengers, crew and one person on the ground died.[2]
  • On March 21, 1968, United Airlines Flight 9963, a 727-100QC operating on a cargo flight from O'Hare International Airport in Chicago to San Francisco, crashed shortly after takeoff; all three crew members survived.[3]
  • On 5 January 1969, Ariana Afghan Airlines Flight 701 crashed short of the runway near London Gatwick Airport; 48 passengers and crew and 2 people on the ground died.
  • On January 18, 1969, United Airlines Flight 266 crashed into Santa Monica Bay, California due to an electrical failure. All 38 passengers and crew were killed. The reason for the electrical malfunction could not be determined.
  • On April 8, 1969, LAN Chile Flight 160 crashed near Santiago, Chile due to pilot error. There were no fatalities.
  • On 4 June 1969, Mexicana Flight 704 crashed near Salinas Victoria due to pilot error. All 72 passengers and 7 crew members died in the accident.

1970-1979[edit]

1980-1989[edit]

  • On January 21, 1980, an Iran Air Flight 291 crashed near Tehran, Iran; all 128 on board died.[8]
  • On April 12, 1980, Transbrasil Flight 303, a 727-100C, crashed in Florianópolis, Brazil. 55 of the 58 people aboard died.[9][10]
  • On April 25, 1980, Dan-Air Flight 1008, a 727-100 crashed in Tenerife. All on board died when the aircraft hit terrain while circling.[11]
  • On June 8, 1982, a VASP Flight 168, 727-200 registration PP-SRK from Rio de Janeiro-Galeão to Fortaleza collided with a mountain while on approach to Fortaleza. The captain descended below a minimum descent altitude. All 137 passengers and crew died.[12][13]
  • On July 9, 1982, Pan Am Flight 759 crashed due to a microburst shortly after take-off from New Orleans International Airport. All 145 on board the 727 as well as 8 people on the ground were killed.
  • On January 16, 1983, Turkish Airlines Flight 158, crashed short of the runway at Esenboğa International Airport. 47 of the 67 passengers and crew on board died.
  • On December 7, 1983, the Madrid Runway Disaster took place where a departing Iberia 727 struck an Aviaco Douglas DC-9 causing the death of 93 passengers and crew. 51 of the 93 passengers on board the 727 died.
  • On January 1, 1985, Eastern Air Lines Flight 980 crashed into Mount Illimani at an altitude of 19,600 feet. All 29 crew and passengers on board died. The flight was flying from Silvio Pettirossi International Airport and destined for El Alto International Airport.[14]
  • On February 19, 1985, Iberia Airlines Flight 610 crashed after striking a television antenna while landing in Bilbao; 148 people died. Flight 610 originated from Madrid-Barajas Airport.[15]
  • On June 12, 1985, Alia Royal Jordanian Airlines Flight 402, a 727-200 (registration JY-AFW) operated on a flight from Beirut, Lebanon to Amman, Jordan. Shortly before takeoff, five Shiite Arab men armed with automatic weapons and explosives, hijacked the airplane. They demanded to be flown to Tunis, Tunisia. Due to fuel shortage, the flight was diverted to Larnaca, Cyprus. Permission to land at Tunis was refused, so the flight diverted to Palermo. After refueling there, the aircraft was flown back to Beirut. All occupants (three pilots, six flight attendants, eight sky marshals and about 65 passengers) were released and the plane was blown up using explosives.[16]
  • On March 31, 1986, Mexicana Flight 940, a 727-200 (registration XA-MEM) crashed near Maravatío in the Mexican state of Michoacán. Shortly after takeoff and climbing to 29,000 feet (8,800 m), an overheated tire exploded in the right main wheel well, tearing through fuel lines and damaging the hydraulic and electrical systems. The resulting fire eventually rendered the aircraft uncontrollable. All 167 people (eight crew and 159 passengers) on board were killed.
  • On February 27, 1988, a Talia Airways 727-2H9 registration TC-AKD had been cleared for a VOR approach, but cancelled IFR and descended to 2000 feet, disregarding the altitude of the mountain chain ahead (3130 feet). Noticing mountains ahead the pilot tried to turn left and climb, but struck the Girne Arap mountain in Cyprus. All 9 passengers and 6 crew members were killed.
  • On March 17, 1988, Avianca Flight 410, a domestic flight, crashed into low mountains near Cúcuta – Norte de Santander, Colombia, after take-off; all 143 on board died. It was determined that pilot error was also the cause of this crash, in a situation similar to that of Avianca Flight 011, five years earlier.
  • On May 23, 1988, Lineas Aéreas Costarricenses Flight 628, a 727-22 (registration TI-LRC) aboarded taking-off was abandoned after V1 because the aircraft. The aircraft overran runway 07, collided with a fence, crossed a ditch, struck a hill and caught fire at Juan Santamaria International Airport in San José, Costa Rica. There were no fatalities.[17]
  • On August 31, 1988, Delta Air Lines Flight 1141, a 727-232 (N473DA) crashed on takeoff from Dallas–Fort Worth; 14 of the 108 passengers and crew on board died, 76 others were injured.
  • On January 31, 1989, ACES Colombia flight 385 was hijacked after taking off from Gustavo Rojas Pinilla International Airport in San Andrés Island. The crew managed to land in Costa Rica where the hijacker was arrested.[18]
  • On October 21, 1989, Tan-Sahsa Flight 414 a 727-200 (N88705) operated as TAN, crashed in the Cerro de Hula mountains after an unsuccessful approach method, killing 131 of 138 passengers and crew.[19]
  • On November 27, 1989, Avianca Flight 203 crashed after a bomb exploded on board. All 6 crew and 101 passengers died.[20]

1990-1999[edit]

  • On November 10, 1991, an Aeronica 727-25 registration YN-BXW was damaged beyond economic repair and arrival at Managua Airport in Nicaragua. The Ignition of leaking high-pressure oxygen during replenishment of oxygen supplies. There were no fatalities.
  • On February 11, 1992, a Tunisair 727-2H3 registration TS-JHV was damaged beyond economic repair, the engines were started for an engine-run at Tunis-Carthage Airport in Tunisia. When engine power reached 80%, the aircraft ran over its blocks and ran into a hangar. There were no fatalities.[21]
  • On December 22, 1992, a Libyan Arab Airlines Flight 1103, a 727-2L5 (registration 5A-DIA) was involved in a mid-air collision with a Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-23 of Libyan Air Force over Tripoli, Libya. The crash resulted of the deaths of 147 passengers and 10 crew members on board the 727, there were two MiG pilots survived.[22]
  • On May 19, 1993, SAM Colombia Flight 505, en route from Panama City, Panama, to Medellín, Colombia, hit Mt. Paramo de Frontino at 12,300 ft on approach to José María Córdova International Airport (SKRG). All 132 passengers and crew died.[23]
  • On April 27, 1994, a Transafrik 727-100F registration S9-TAN from Quatro de Fevereiro Airport in Luanda, Angola and touched down 2m short of the runway at the Mbanza Airport in Mbanza, Angola. The undercarriage struck a drainage ditch and collapsed. The aircraft continued onto the runway, veered right off the side of the runway and crossed a road, striking a bus with its right wing. All seven occupants on the bus were killed and all three crew members on the aircraft survived.[24]
  • On January 31, 1995, an Angola Air Charter 727-100F registration D2-TJB touched down 500m beyond the runway threshold at Huambo Airport in Huambo, Angola. Due to heavy rainfall the aircraft aquaplaned off the runway 11/29 and became stuck in the mud; the landing gear was torn off. All three crew members survived.[25]
  • On November 7, 1996, an ADC Airlines 727-200 registration 5N-BBG went down near Ejirin, Nigeria when the pilots lost control after taking evasive action to avoid a midair collision. 144 people died in the crash.[26]
  • On August 12, 1997, an Olympic Airways 727-230 registration SX-CBI, operated flight 171 and named Megas Alexandros was flown by two highly experienced captains. The weather was poor with a thunderstorm passing over Ellinikon International Airport in Greece. There were no fatalities.[27]
  • On February 9, 1998, an American Airlines 727-200 (N845AA), crashed short of the runway at Chicago-O'Hare International Airport. All 121 persons on board survived but the aircraft was written off.[28]
  • On 31 January 1999, an Air Algérie 727-200 registration 7T-VEH ran off runway and struck a mount of snow and made an emergency landing at Constantine-Ain el Bey Airport in Algeria due to a nose-gear collapsed. A total of 92 passengers and 7 crew members survived, but the aircraft was written off.[29]
  • On July 7, 1999, a Hinduja Cargo 727-243F (registration VT-LCI), crashed shortly after takeoff from Kathmandu, Nepal at night due to a rain. Although the official findings listed crew errors as contributing factors, they failed to note the estimated cargo weight, (no scales there), was off by thousands of pounds due to the load of carpets having sat in the rain for many hours prior to loading on the aircraft. Due to the overweight, the aircraft was unable to make the required turns/climbs as per the SID to avoid the mountainous terrain. All 5 crew, including 2 mechanics, died in the crash.[30]

2000-present[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Boeing 727 losses". aviation-safety.net. Flight Safety Foundation. Retrieved 22 May 2014. 
  2. ^ ASN Aircraft accident Boeing 727-92C B-1018 Taipei. Aviation-safety.net. Retrieved on 2011-01-26.
  3. ^ http://www.airdisaster.com/reports/ntsb/AAR69-01.pdf
  4. ^ ""Disasters: The Worst Ever". TIME. August 9, 1971. Retrieved November 27, 2009. 
  5. ^ Boeing website: 727 Breakthroughs
  6. ^ "Aircraft accident Boeing 727-2F2 TC-JBH Isparta". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 2009-09-27. 
  7. ^ Accident Database: Accident Synopsis 03141979. Airdisaster.com (1979-03-14). Retrieved on 2011-01-26.
  8. ^ UK CAA Document CAA 429 World Airline Accident Summary (ICAO Summary 5/80)
  9. ^ "Accident description PT-TYS". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 22 July 2011. 
  10. ^ Germano da Silva, Carlos Ari César (2008). "Transbrasil 303". O rastro da bruxa: história da aviação comercial brasileira no século XX através dos seus acidentes 1928-1996 (in Portuguese) (2 ed.). Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS. pp. 313–317. ISBN 978-85-7430-760-2. 
  11. ^ aviation-safety.net report on fatal accident to Dan-Air G-BDAN
  12. ^ "Accident description PP-SRK". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 12 August 2011. 
  13. ^ Germano da Silva, Carlos Ari César (2008). "VASP 168". O rastro da bruxa: história da aviação comercial brasileira no século XX através dos seus acidentes 1928–1996 (in Portuguese) (2 ed.). Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS. pp. 318–326. ISBN 978-85-7430-760-2. 
  14. ^ ASN Aircraft accident Boeing 727-225 N819EA Nevado Illimani. Aviation-safety.net. Retrieved on 2011-01-26.
  15. ^ ASN Aircraft accident Boeing 727-256 EC-DDU Bilbao Airport (BIO). Aviation-safety.net. Retrieved on 2011-01-26.
  16. ^ ASN Aircraft accident 727-2D3 JY-AFW. Aviation-safety.net. Retrieved.
  17. ^ [1]. Aviation-safety.net. Retrieved.
  18. ^ http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19890131-1
  19. ^ ASN Aircraft accident Boeing 727-224 N88705 Tegucigalpa-Toncontin Airport (TGU). Aviation-safety.net. Retrieved on 2011-01-26.
  20. ^ Bombing of Avianca flight a crime against humanity: PG, Colombia Reports, 15 September 2009, Retrieved 15 September 2010
  21. ^ [2]. Aviation-safety.net. Retrieved.
  22. ^ "158 killed in Libyan plane crash". New Strait Times. 23 Dec 1992. Retrieved 6 July 2012. 
  23. ^ "Colombian jetliner crashes, 132 aboard". Bangor Daily News. 20 May 1993. Retrieved 6 July 2012. 
  24. ^ ASN Aircraft incident Boeing 727-44F S9-TAN Mbanza. Aviation-safety.net. Retrieved.
  25. ^ ASN Aircraft incident Boeing 727-21F D2-TJB Huambo. Aviation-safety.net. Retrieved.
  26. ^ ASN Aircraft accident Boeing 727-231 5N-BBG Ejirin. Aviation-safety.net. Retrieved on 2011-01-26.
  27. ^ [3]. Aviation-safety.net. Retrieved.
  28. ^ Aircraft accident Boeing 727-223 N845AA Chicago-O'Hare International Airport
  29. ^ [4]. Aviation-safety.net. Retrieved.
  30. ^ Personal knowledge. I was the captain who was supposed to be on that flight. Ground personnel testimony.
  31. ^ [5]. Aviation-safety.net. Retrieved.
  32. ^ [6]. Aviation-safety.net. Retrieved.
  33. ^ [7]. Aviation-safety.net. Retrieved.
  34. ^ "African hunt for stolen Boeing". BBC, June 19, 2003. June 19, 2003. Retrieved January 2, 2010. 
  35. ^ "FBI search sheet for Ben Charles Padilla". Archived from the original on 2007-04-27. 
  36. ^ "report translation 3x-o031225a." Bureau d'Enquêtes et d'Analyses pour la Sécurité de l'Aviation Civile. Retrieved on 9 June 2009.
  37. ^ [8]. Aviation-safety.net. Retrieved.
  38. ^ [9]. Aviation-safety.net. Retrieved.
  39. ^ "BBC News – Scores killed in IranAir passenger plane crash". BBC. Retrieved 9 January 2010. 
  40. ^ "Iran plane crash toll rises to 77, black box found". Associated Press. Retrieved 9 January 2010. [dead link]
  41. ^ "Fifty-three feared dead in DR Congo plane crash". Reuters. July 8, 2011. Retrieved July 15, 2010. 
  42. ^ "Cargo Plane Hits Bus in Ghana Airport Crash". BBC. June 2, 2012. Retrieved June 2, 2012. 
  43. ^ "Accident: Allied Cargo B722 at Accra on Jun 2nd 2012, overran runway on landing". AVHerald. June 2, 2012. Retrieved June 2, 2012.