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"The Madhouse on Madison"
"The House That Jordan Built"
The United Center in 2014
|Location||1901 West Madison Street
Chicago, Illinois, United States 60612
|Public transit||Illinois Medical District (CTA station)|
|Owner||United Center Joint Venture
(Chicago Blackhawks 50%/Chicago Bulls 50%)
|Operator||United Center Joint Venture|
with standing room at least 23,129
with standing room at least 22,428
|Field size||960,000 square feet (89,000 m2)|
|Broke ground||April 6, 1992|
August 18, 1994Height 300 feet tall
|Renovated||2009–2010 (300 Level)
|Construction cost||$175 million
($278 million in 2014 dollars)
W.E. Simpson Company
|Project manager||International Facilities Group, LLC.|
|Structural engineer||Thornton Tomasetti|
|Services engineer||Flack + Kurtz|
|General contractor||Morse Diesel/Huber Hunt & Nichols|
|Chicago Bulls (NBA) (1994–present)
Chicago Blackhawks (NHL) (1995–present)
United Center is an indoor sports arena located in Chicago, Illinois. The United Center is home to both the Chicago Bulls of the National Basketball Association (NBA) and the Chicago Blackhawks of the National Hockey League (NHL). The arena is named after its corporate sponsor, United Airlines.
The plan to build the arena was created by Blackhawks owner Bill Wirtz and Bulls owner Jerry Reinsdorf. The United Center's predecessor was the indoor Chicago Stadium, the original "Madhouse on Madison", which was demolished after the newer arena opened for business on August 18, 1994. Due to the 1994–95 NHL lockout, the Blackhawks did not move in until January, 1995.
The east side of the stadium features statues of Michael Jordan (known as "The Spirit"), Bobby Hull and Stan Mikita, while a statue of various Blackhawks sits to the north on Madison Street, where the Chicago Stadium was located.
The Bulls and Blackhawks operate the United Center through the United Center Joint Venture, a 50/50 partnership of the two teams. It covers 960,000 square feet (89,187 m²) and is located on a 46-acre (19 ha) parcel, west of the Chicago Loop. The arena is the largest in the United States in physical size, though not in capacity. Its exterior bears a striking resemblance to that of Chicago Stadium. It seats 19,717 (not including standing room) for hockey (highest attendance at a Blackhawks game in 2012 was 22,077 vs. St. Louis), 20,917 (not including standing room) for basketball (highest attendance at a Bulls game in 2012 was 23,028 vs. Miami) and up to 23,500 for concerts. The United Center hosts over 200 events per year and has drawn over 20 million visitors since its opening. It is known for routinely exceeding seating capacity for Bulls and Blackhawks games.
United Center's acoustics were designed to amplify the noise level in order to recreate "The Roar" – the din of noise that made Chicago Stadium famous, especially during hockey games. During hockey season, an Allen Organ that is a replica of the old arena's famous Barton organ is used; recreating the old organ's notes took two years.
As of the 2009-10 renovation, the stadium has 169 executive suites on three levels.
In addition to more than 80 Bulls and Blackhawks games each year, the United Center has hosted other sporting events such as University of Illinois basketball, the Big Ten Men's Basketball Tournament (from the first tournament in 1998 to 2001, then in odd-numbered years from 2003 to 2007 and again in 2013, the Men's NCAA Basketball Tournament (hosted four times, including 2011), the Roundball Classic, and the Great Eight Classic.
The arena was the Bulls' home during their second run of three consecutive championships, hosting the 1996, 1997, and 1998 NBA Finals. The Bulls won the 1996 and 1997 series in the sixth game at home, but won the 1998 series at the Delta Center, now known as EnergySolutions Arena, in Salt Lake City.
The United Center was also the site of the World Wrestling Federation pay-per-view SummerSlam in 1994 – the first major event held inside the building. It also hosted the last of World Championship Wrestling's annual Spring Stampede pay-per-view in 2000.
The arena has hosted the Stanley Cup Finals twice: in 2010 and 2013. The Blackhawks won the Stanley Cup both times, but on the ice of their opponent in the sixth game of the series (Philadelphia's Wachovia Center in 2010 and Boston's TD Garden in 2013).
On the weekend of March 5–6, 2011, the Professional Bull Riders made their Built Ford Tough Series debut at the United Center. It was their third Chicago-area visit, having previously visited Rosemont's Allstate Arena in 2006 and 2008. The event at the United Center presented a unique scenario as instead of dirt, white crushed stone was used to cover the arena floor.
The Illinois State High School Hockey Championships are hosted at the United Center yearly for the Blackhawk Cup.
On January 28, 2012, the Ultimate Fighting Championship held its first nationally televised event at the arena: UFC on Fox. UFC on Fox 2 was the UFC's 2nd live prime-time event on Fox. The headlining fight was former UFC Light-Heavyweight Champion Rashad Evans vs. Phil Davis, with Evans winning by unanimous decision.
United Center plays host to numerous concerts and different musical events:
- Pop superstar Lady Gaga performed here for her ArtRave: The Artpop Ball on July 11, 2014.
- Superstar Cher will bring her Dressed to Kill Tour to the center on October 24, 2014.
- The American rock duo, The Black Keys is set to perform here on their world tour supporting the Turn Blue album on September 27, 2014.
- Miley Cyrus is set to perform in the center on August 14, 2014 as a part of her Bangerz Tour. She had previously performed sold-out concerts in there for her Best of Both Worlds Tour and Wonder World Tour.
- Demi Lovato, will be bringing her Demi World Tour to the center on October 14, 2014.
The United Center has also provided a Chicago home for Barnum & Bailey Circus and Disney on Ice, which occur once per year; the Bulls and Blackhawks have a tradition of taking a two-week road trip when the circus is in town.
On May 17, 2011, Oprah The Farewell Season: Oprah's Surprise Spectacular was taped at the United Center. The program aired on television on May 23 and 24, 2011. Pictures from the event are displayed inside the arena entrance on the wall of Gate 4.
The United Center was also the venue of the 1996 Democratic National Convention, where the Democratic Party nominated as its presidential and vice-presidential candidates Bill Clinton and Al Gore, the incumbent holders of the respective offices, who would be re-elected as a result of the general election held that November.
300 Level renovations
New for the 2009-10 season, the United Center’s 300 Level features a renovated concourse with 144 flat screen televisions, new food and beverage stations above select seating sections and two new bars that open up to panoramic views of the arena. During the 2010 off-season, two additional bars with panoramic views of the arena were added along with the other two.
The United Center includes:
- Graphics and signs highlighting "The Madhouse on Madison".
- A variety of new menu items provided by the United Center’s new food and beverage provider, Levy Restaurants.
- A new concession stand and seating area located in Section 326 called “Backstage. ”This area replicates the atmosphere of being backstage at a United Center concert and will include photos of music acts that played at the United Center along with a specialized menu from Levy Restaurants.
- New concession stands and bars located at the top of the 300 Level on the north side of the arena to provide fans sitting in that area with easy access to food and beverage service.
- Two new novelty areas carrying merchandise unique to "The Madhouse on Madison".
- New concourse food stations with increased seating.
- New video systems featuring photography, video and animation on the concourse walls which will create images and specialized programming for each individual event.
The following banners hang from the rafters of the United Center honoring past and present Bulls and Blackhawks.
Chicago Bulls Retired Numbers
- 4 Jerry Sloan
- 10 Bob Love
- 23 Michael Jordan
- 33 Scottie Pippen
- Coach Phil Jackson
- General Manager Jerry Krause
- 1974–75 Midwest Division Champions
- 1990–91, 1991–92, 1992–93, 1995–96*, 1996–97, 1997–98, 2010–11, 2011–12 Central Division Champions
- 1990–91, 1991–92, 1992–93, 1995–96, 1996–97, 1997–98 Eastern Conference Champions
- 1991, 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 1998 NBA World Champions
- *A banner with the number 72 is hung below the 1995–96 division title to denote the Bulls all-time record 72–10 season.
Chicago Blackhawks Retired Numbers
- 1 Glenn Hall
- 3 Pierre Pilote
- 3 Keith Magnuson
- 9 Bobby Hull
- 18 Denis Savard
- 21 Stan Mikita
- 35 Tony Esposito
- 1969–70 East Division Champions
- 1970–71, 1971–72, 1972–73 West Division Champions
- 1975–76, 1977–78, 1978–79, 1979–80 Smythe Division Champions
- 1982–83, 1985–86, 1989–90, 1990–91, 1992–93 Norris Division Champions
- 2009–10, 2012–13 Central Division Champions
- 1970–71, 1972–73, 1991–92 Campbell Conference Champions
- 2009–10, 2012–13 Western Conference Champions
- 1990–91*, 2012–13* Presidents' Trophy Champions
- 1934, 1938, 1961, 2010, 2013 Stanley Cup Champions
- *The banner with the years 2012–13 is hung below the 1990–91 Presidents' Trophy banner, marking the 2nd time the Blackhawks have won the trophy.
United Airlines pays about $1.8 million per year until 2014 for its naming rights. United merged with Continental Airlines in October 2010, retaining the former's name, as well as the latter's logo and corporate look. The stadium continued to use United's Tulip logo for the duration of the 2010-11 season. For the 2011-12 season, all the previous United signs were replaced with the new Globe logo. Two new lit signs on the east and west ends of the arena saying "United Center" with the United Globe in the middle were revealed below the upper level suites complimenting the former "Madhouse" signs on the north and south sides.
In December, 2013, it was announced that an agreement had been reached to keep United's naming rights for the stadium for another 20 years. The United Center will see a series of updates and upgrades to the interior and exterior of the building. New signage, additional LED boards, and other elements are scheduled to be installed over a four-to-six month period and coincide with the new sponsorship agreement announcement. These efforts are part of the United Center’s ongoing, long-term plans to improve and enhance the fan experience, and it is anticipated they will be formally unveiled in the Spring of 2014. 
- 21,711 (1994–2009)
- 20,917 (2009–Present)
- 23,129 (With standing room)
- 20,500 (1994–2009)
- 19,717 (2009–Present)
- 22,428 (With standing room)
- Gene Honda - Public address announcer for the Blackhawks, DePaul Basketball, Chicago White Sox and the NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Championship Final Four.
- Jim Cornelison - National Anthem singer for Blackhawks games.
- Harvey Wittenberg - Former Blackhawks public address announcer.
- Frank Pellico - Current Blackhawks organist.
- Tommy Edwards - Current Bulls public address announcer and disk jockey on 104.3 K-Hits
- Ray Clay - Former Bulls public address announcer during the team's NBA championship days
- U.S. Cellular Field - Home of the Chicago White Sox.
- Wrigley Field - Home of the Chicago Cubs.
- Soldier Field - Home of the Chicago Bears.
- Toyota Park - Home of the Chicago Fire.
- Allstate Arena - Home of the Chicago Wolves, Chicago Sky, and the DePaul Blue Demons college basketball team.
- Sears Centre - Home of the Chicago Slaughter and Chicago Bliss.
- Sports Complex at Benedictine University - Home of the Chicago Red Stars.
- Benny the Bull - The Bulls mascot.
- Tommyhawk - The Blackhawks mascot.
- "Cleveland Cavaliers vs. Chicago Bulls". Chicago Tribune. March 19, 2010. Retrieved February 5, 2013.
- Associated Press (April 11, 2010). "Red Wings 3, Blackhawks 2, OT". Chicago Blackhawks. Retrieved February 5, 2013.
- Sullivan, Paul; Reardon, Patrick (April 7, 1992). "Dignitaries Dig in at New Stadium Fete". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved May 15, 2012.
- Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–2014. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Retrieved February 27, 2014.
- International Facilities Group - United Center
- Weiss, Lois (January 4, 1995). "Engineers Mark 25th Anniversary". Real Estate Weekly. Retrieved May 15, 2012.
- United Center - Emporis.com
- "A Closer Look Inside The United Center". Chicago Tribune. September 7, 1994. Retrieved February 5, 2013.
- Markus, Robert (September 17, 1994). "Hawks Quiet In Opener". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved February 5, 2013.
- Smith, Marcia C. (September 7, 1994). "Like Stadium, New Organ Will Be More Versatile". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved February 5, 2013.
- "Premium Seating and Suites at the United Center". Chicago Bulls. Retrieved February 5, 2013.
- "2013 Big Ten Men's Basketball Tournament". Big Ten Conference. Retrieved February 5, 2013.
- "Big Ten Tournament History". Big Ten Conference. Retrieved February 5, 2013.
- "Chicago Bulls Media Guide: United Center Information" (PDF). Chicago Bulls. Retrieved August 19, 2007.
- "PBR Announces 2011 BFTS Schedule". Professional Bull Riders. September 21, 2010. Archived from the original on September 28, 2010. Retrieved September 21, 2010.
- Kuc, Chris (October 22, 2011). "Moving Moment for Hull and Mikita". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved October 22, 2011.
- "2010 Blackhawk Cup To Be Decided At The United Center On Friday Night". Chicago Blackhawks. March 23, 2010. Retrieved February 5, 2013.
- Erickson, Matt (January 28, 2012). "Evans Wins Big 1". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved February 5, 2013.
- Kuc, Chris (January 28, 2013). "Practices Few and Far Between for Blackhawks". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved February 5, 2013.
- Rosenthal, Phil (May 18, 2011). "Oprah Winfrey Spectacle sSands Out in a Sea of Farewells". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved February 5, 2013.
- Vettel, Phil (November 19, 2009). "The United Center's New Concessions Offerings Are Playoff Caliber". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved February 5, 2013.
- "Stadium Naming Rights". ESPN. January 14, 2008.
- "United Center won't be changing its name any time soon". Comcast Sports Net Chicago. December 11, 2013.
- "New 20-year naming rights agreement announced for United Center". Chicago Bulls. December 11, 2013.
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