United Christian Democrats
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|United Christian Democrats
Cristiani Democratici Uniti
|Founded||23 July 1995|
|Dissolved||6 December 2002|
|Split from||Italian People's Party (1994)|
|Merged into||Union of Christian and Centre Democrats|
|National affiliation||Pole for Freedoms (1996-2001), House of Freedoms (2001-2002)|
|European affiliation||European People's Party|
|Politics of Italy
The party's life began in 1995 with a split of those members of the Italian People's Party who wanted to enter into an alliance with Silvio Berlusconi's Forza Italia. The split was led by Rocco Buttiglione (secretary of the Italian People's Party in 1994-95), Roberto Formigoni and Gianfranco Rotondi.
The party formed a joint list with Forza Italia in 1995 regional elections and Roberto Formigoni was elected president of Lombardy, while in 1996 it formed an alliance with the Christian Democratic Centre (CCD) for the general election, in which CCD-CDU scored 5.6%.
In June 1998, Buttiglione led the party into the Democratic Union for the Republic (UDR), a new Christian democratic outfit launched by Francesco Cossiga and Clemente Mastella, who had left CCD to form the Christian Democrats for the Republic (CDR). In October, when Buttiglione briefly decided to support the centre-left government of Massimo D'Alema, alongside with the rest of UDR, Roberto Formigoni, Raffaele Fitto, Maurizio Lupi and many regional deputies in Veneto, Lombardy and Piedmont left the party to form the Christian Democrats for Freedom, which was later merged into Forza Italia.
In February 1999, UDR split between those who supported Cossiga, who formed the Union for the Republic, and those who supported Mastella, who formed the Union of Democrats for Europe. Buttiglione re-established CDU as a separate party and started to get closer again to Berlusconi's centre-right coalition.
In 1999 European Parliament elections, CDU scored 2.2% and elected two MEPs, while in 2001 it formed an alliance with CCD, the known as the Whiteflower, gaining 3.2%. The CDU was a member of the European People's Party from 1994 until 2002.
In 2002 the United Christian Democrats, the Christian Democratic Centre and European Democracy merged into the Union of Christian and Centre Democrats. Rocco Buttiglione was elected President of the new party.
- Secretary: Rocco Buttiglione (1995–2002)
- President: Roberto Formigoni (1995–1998), Mario Tassone (1998–2002)
- Ari-Veikko Anttiroiko; Matti Mälkiä (2007). Encyclopedia of Digital Government. Idea Group Inc (IGI). pp. 396–. ISBN 978-1-59140-790-4.
- Thomas Jansen; Steven Van Hecke (28 June 2011). At Europe's Service: The Origins and Evolution of the European People's Party. Springer. pp. 51–. ISBN 978-3-642-19413-9. Retrieved 19 August 2012.