United Daughters of the Confederacy
United Daughters of the Confederacy Badge
|Founded||September 10, 1894|
|Focus(es)||Historical and Benevolent|
|Motto||Think, Love, Pray, Dare, Live|
|Formerly called||National Association of the Daughters of the Confederacy|
Across the South, associations were founded after the Civil War, many by women, to organize burials of Confederate soldiers, establish and care for permanent cemeteries for Confederate soldiers, organize commemorative ceremonies, and sponsor impressive monuments as a permanent way of remembering the Confederate cause and tradition. They were "strikingly successful at raising money to build Confederate monuments, lobbying legislatures and Congress for the reburial of Confederate dead, and working to shape the content of history textbooks."
In addition to raising money for cemeteries and memorials, the women funded and commissioned memorials to Confederate veterans and battles. They were instrumental in organizing to commemorate the war, including annual events in many towns across the South. They led the struggle to shape memory in the aftermath of the war. They also raised money to care for the widows and children of the Confederate dead. Most of these memorial associations eventually merged into the United Daughters of the Confederacy, which grew from 17,000 members in 1900 to nearly 100,000 women by World War I.
The organization encouraged women to publish their experiences in the war, beginning with biographies of major southern figures, such as Varina Davis' of her husband Jefferson Davis, president of the Confederacy. Later, women began adding more of their own experiences to the "public discourse about the war", in the form of memoirs, such as those published in the early 1900s by Sara Agnes Rice Pryor, Virginia Clay-Clopton and Louise Wigfall Wright and others. They also recommended structures for the memoirs. By the turn of the twentieth century, a dozen memoirs by southern women were published. They constituted part of the growing public memory about the antebellum years and the Lost Cause, as they usually defended the Confederacy.
During World War I, the organization supported 70 hospital beds at the American Military Hospital at Neuilly-sur-Seine, France and contributed $82,069 for French and Belgian orphans. At home, members purchased $24,843,368 worth of war bonds and savings stamps. They also donated $841,676 to the Red Cross. During World War II, the U.D.C. assisted the National Nursing Association by donating financially to student nurses until the United States Congress passed the Bolton Act, which created the first Cadet Nurse Corps. Members donated ambulances and a blood plasma unit. The organization was later commended by the American Red Cross for contributions to the overall war effort.
Individual membership is through a local U.D.C. chapter where the prospective member resides. Local chapters typically come under the jurisdiction of the state or "Division".
- The Mrs. Simon Baruch University Award provides $2,500 toward publication of select monographs or full-length books on Confederate history.
- The Annabella Drummond McMath Scholarship provides aid to eligible women over the age of thirty (30) to begin or continue their education.
the U.D.C. Magazine is published eleven (11) times annually (the June and July issues are combined). Special features include General Officer columns, historical articles, Confederate Notes, and U.D.C. Division News.
Children of the Confederacy
The Children of the Confederacy is an auxiliary consisting of young people from infancy through their eighteenth birthday who are descendants of Confederate veterans who served honorably in the Confederate forces.
- Confederate Memorial Day
- Confederate monuments
- Confederate Veteran
- Daughters of the American Revolution
- Flags of the Confederate States
- Jefferson Davis Highway
- Ladies Memorial Association
- Memorial to Women of the Confederacy
- Military Order of Stars & Bars
- Naming the American Civil War
- Sons of Confederate Veterans
- Southern Cross of Honor
- The Southern Historical Society
- Handbook (6th ed.), 2013, p. 3.
- Handbook (6th ed.), 2013, p. 5.
- UDC Business Office.
- Minutes (2012), 2013, p. 233.
- Handbook (6th ed.), 2013, p. 7.
- Blight (2001), pp. 272-273.
- Faust (2008), pp. 237-247.
- Gardner (2006), pp. 128-130.
- Blight, David. Race and Reunion: The Civil War in American Memory. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2001.
- Faust, Drew. This Republic of Suffering: Death and the American Civil War. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2008
- Gardner, Sarah. Blood And Irony: Southern White Women's Narratives of the Civil War, 1861-1937. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2006.
- Janney, Caroline. Burying the Dead but not the Past: Ladies' Memorial Associations and the Lost Cause. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2008.
- Rutherford, Mildred. What the South may claim : or, where the South leads. Athens, Ga.: M'Gregor Co.
- United Daughters of the Confederacy, Business Office (2013). Minutes of the One Hundred and Ninteenth Annual General Convention of the United Daughters of the Confederacy held in Richmond, Va. November 1-5, 2012. Richmond, VA: Author.
- United Daughters of the Confederacy, Business Office (2013). U.D.C. Handbook (6th ed.). Richmond, VA: Author.
- United Daughters of the Confederacy, History Committee (ed.) (1988). The History of the United Daughters of the Confederacy (Vol. III). Raleigh, NC: Edwards & Broughton.
- Cox, Karen L. Dixie's Daughters: The United Daughters of the Confederacy and the Preservation of Confederate Culture. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2003.
- Foster, Gaines M. Ghosts of the Confederacy: Defeat, the Lost Cause, and the Emergence of the New South. New York: Oxford University Press, 1987.
- Parrott, Angie. "'Love Makes Memory Eternal': The United Daughters of the Confederacy in Richmond, Virginia, 1897–1920," in Edward Ayers and John C. Willis, eds. The Edge of the South: Life in Nineteenth-Century Virginia, Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1991, 219–38.
- Alabama Division, U.D.C.
- Dixie Chapter No. 1679, U.D.C., Tempe, Arizona
- Arkansas Division, U.D.C.
- California Division, U.D.C.
- Margaret Howell Davis Hayes Chapter No. 2652, U.D.C., Colorado Springs, Colorado
- District of Columbia Division, U.D.C.
- Florida Division, U.D.C.
- Georgia Division, U.D.C.
- Martha Leah Turner Chapter No. 2692, U.D.C., Mt. Vernon, Illinois
- Lt. Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest Chapter No. 2597, U.D.C., Cicero, Indiana
- Maj. Tom Johnson Chapter No. 886, U.D.C., Princeton, Kentucky
- Louisiana Division, U.D.C.
- Maryland Division, U.D.C.
- Mississippi Division, U.D.C.
- Missouri Division, U.D.C.
- Maj. Gen. Joe Wheeler Chapter No. 966, U.D.C., Las Cruces, New Mexico
- North Carolina Division, U.D.C.
- Oklahoma Division, U.D.C.
- Philadelphia Chapter No. 972, U.D.C., Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
- South Carolina Division, U.D.C.
- Tennessee Division, U.D.C.
- Texas Division, U.D.C.
- Virginia Division, U.D.C.
- Gen. Robert E. Lee Chapter No. 885, U.D.C., Seattle, Washington
- West Virginia Division, U.D.C.