United Front (People's Republic of China)
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The United Front in the People's Republic of China is a coalition of all of the legally permitted parties in the country, led by the Communist Party of China. Besides the CPC, it includes eight minor parties and the All-China Federation of Industry and Commerce. It is managed by the United Front Work Department (Chinese: 中共中央统战部) of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China. Its current department head is Du Qinglin.
The United Front is represented together with other mass organizations such as trade unions, women's and youth organizations, minorities etc. in the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference.
The United Front holds no real power independent of the CPC. It serves a merely symbolic function to keep up the appearance that the People's Republic is led by a broad coalition, when the country is a de facto single-party state. Its leaders are mostly selected by the Communist Party of China, or are themselves CPC members. The member parties are almost completely subservient to the CPC and must accept its "leading role" as a condition of their continued existence. However, they have nominal representation in the National People's Congress.
United Front Democratic Parties
- Revolutionary Committee of the Kuomintang (Zhōngguó Guómíndǎng Gémìngwěiyuánhuì)
- China Democratic League (Zhōngguó Mínzhǔ Tóngméng)
- China Democratic National Construction Association (Zhōngguó Mínzhǔ Jiànguó Huì)
- China Association for Promoting Democracy (Zhōngguó Mínzhǔ Cùjìnhuì)
- Chinese Peasants' and Workers' Democratic Party (Zhōngguó Nónggōng Mínzhǔdǎng)
- China Party for Public Interest (Zhōngguó Zhìgōngdǎng)
- September 3 Society (Jǐusān Xuéshè)
- Taiwan Democratic Self-Government League (Táiwān Mínzhǔ Zìzhì Tóngméng)
All-China Federation of Industry and Commerce
- All-China Federation of Industry and Commerce (Zhonghua Quanguo Gongshangye Lianhehui)
- Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference; 2006 CPPCC
- List of political parties in the People's Republic of China
- One country, two systems
- United Front Doctrine
- New Approaches to the Study of Political Order in China, by Donald Clarke, Modern China, 2009
- Judicial politics as state-building, Zhu, Suli, Pp. 23–36 in Stéphanie Balme and Michael W. Dowdle (eds.), Building Constitutionalism in China.New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
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