United Kingdom general election, 1835

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United Kingdom general election, 1835
United Kingdom
1832 ←
members
6 January–6 February 1835 → 1837

All 658 seats in the House of Commons
330 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party
  2nd V Melbourne.jpg Robert Peel.jpg
Leader The Viscount Melbourne Robert Peel
Party Whig Conservative
Leader since 16 July 1834 19 December 1834
Last election 441 seats, 67.0% 175 seats, 29.2%
Seats won 385 273
Seat change Decrease 56 Increase 98
Popular vote 349,868 261,269
Percentage 57.3% 42.8%
Swing Decrease 9.7% Increase 13.6%

PM before election

Robert Peel
Conservative

Subsequent PM

Robert Peel
Conservative

1831 election MPs
1832 election MPs
1835 election MPs
1837 election MPs
1841 election MPs

The 1835 United Kingdom general election was called when Parliament was dissolved on 29 December 1834. Polling took place between 6 January and 6 February 1835, and the results saw Robert Peel's Conservatives make large gains from their low of the 1832 election, but the Whigs maintained a large majority.

Under the terms of the Lichfield House Compact the Whigs had entered into an electoral pact with the Irish Repeal Association of Daniel O'Connell, which had contested the previous election as a separate party. The Radicals were also included in this alliance.

Results[edit]

United Kingdom General Election 1835
Candidates Votes
Party Standing Elected Gained Unseated Net  % of total  % No. Net %
  Whig 538 385 Decrease56 57.25 349,868 Decrease9.7
  Conservative 407 273 Increase98 42.75 261,269 Increase13.6

Total votes cast: 611,137

Party Candidates Unopposed Seats
Whig 538 154 385
Conservative 407 121 273
Total 945 275 658

Voting summary[edit]

Popular vote
Whig
  
57.25%
Conservative
  
42.75%

Seats summary[edit]

Parliamentary seats
Whig
  
58.51%
Conservative
  
41.49%

Regional Results[edit]

Great Britain[edit]

Party Candidates Unopposed Seats Seats change Votes  %  % Change
Whig 451 126 317 Decrease91 315,002 57.2 Decrease13.9
Conservative 338 102 238 Increase91 235,907 42.8 Increase13.9
Total 789 228 555 Steady 550,909 100
England[edit]
Party Candidates Unopposed Seats Seats change Votes  %  % Change
Whig 380 100 264 Decrease83 281,576 57.4 Decrease13.4
Conservative 278 77 200 Increase84 209,964 42.6 Increase13.4
Total 658 177 464 Steady 491,540 100
Scotland[edit]
Party Candidates Unopposed Seats Seats change Votes  %  % Change
Whig 52 15 38 Decrease5 28,307 62.8 Decrease16.2
Conservative 33 8 15 Increase5 15,733 37.2 Increase16.2
Total 85 23 53 Steady 44,040 100
Wales[edit]
Party Candidates Unopposed Seats Seats change Votes  %  % Change
Conservative 21 11 17 Increase3 10,210 63.9 Increase10.5
Whig 19 11 15 Decrease3 5,119 36.1 Decrease10.5
Total 40 22 32 Steady 15,329 100

Ireland[edit]

Party Candidates Unopposed Seats Seats change Votes  %  % Change
Whig/Repeal Coalition 87 28 68 Decrease7* 34,866 57.6 Decrease10.3*
Conservative 69 19 35 Increase7 25,362 42.4 Increase10.3
Total 156 47 103 60,228 100

*Coalition parties had won a total of 75 seats and 67.9% of the vote in 1832.

Universities[edit]

Party Candidates Unopposed Seats Seats change Votes  %  % Change
Conservative 6 6 6 Steady Uncontested
Total 6 6 6 Steady None 100

Dates of election[edit]

The eleventh United Kingdom Parliament was dissolved on 29 December 1834. The new Parliament was summoned to meet on 19 February 1835, for a maximum seven year term from that date. The maximum term could be and normally was curtailed, by the monarch dissolving the Parliament, before its term expired.

At this period there was not one election day. After receiving a writ (a royal command) for the election to be held, the local returning officer fixed the election timetable for the particular constituency or constituencies he was concerned with. Polling in seats with contested elections could continue for many days.

The general election took place between January and February 1835. The first nomination was on 5 January, with the first contest on 6 January and the last contest on 6 February 1835. It was usual for polling in the University constituencies and in Orkney and Shetland to take place about a week after other seats. Disregarding contests in the Universities and Orkney and Shetland, the last poll was on 27 January 1835.

Peel ran a minority Conservative government until 8 April 1835, after being unable to form a majority. Melbourne subsequently became Prime Minister forming a Whig government.

References[edit]

  • F. W. S. Craig, British Electoral Facts: 1832-1987
  • British Electoral Facts 1832-1999, compiled and edited by Colin Rallings and Michael Thrasher (Ashgate Publishing Ltd 2000)
  • Parliamentary Election Results in Ireland 1801-1922, edited by B.M. Walker (Royal Irish Academy 1978).
  • Spartacus: Political Parties and Election Results