United Kingdom general election, 1847

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United Kingdom general election, 1847
United Kingdom
1841 ←
29 July–26 August 1847 → 1852
members

All 656 seats in the House of Commons
329 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
  14th Earl of Derby.jpg Lord john russell.jpg No image.svg
Leader Lord Stanley Lord John Russell John O'Connell
Party Conservative Whig Irish Repeal
Leader since July 1846 October 1842 15 May 1847
Leader's seat Baron Stanley City of London Limerick City
Last election 367 seats, 50.9% 271 seats, 46.9% 20 seats, 1.9%
Seats won 325 292 36
Seat change Decrease 42 Increase 21 Increase 16
Popular vote 205,481 259,311 14,128
Percentage 42.7% 53.8% 2.9%
Swing Decrease 8.2% Increase 6.9% Increase 1.0%

PM before election

Lord John Russell
Whig

Subsequent PM

Lord John Russell
Whig

1837 election MPs
1841 election MPs
1847 election MPs
1852 election MPs
1857 election MPs

The 1847 United Kingdom general election saw candidates calling themselves Conservatives win the most seats, in part because they won a number of uncontested seats. However, the split among the Conservatives between the majority of Protectionists, led by Lord Stanley, and the minority of free traders, known also as the Peelites, led by former prime minister Sir Robert Peel, left the Whigs, led by Prime Minister Lord John Russell, in a position to continue in government.

The Irish Repeal group won more seats than in the previous general election, while the Chartists gained the only seat they were ever to hold, Nottingham's second seat, held by Chartist leader Feargus O'Connor.

Results[edit]

United Kingdom General Election 1847
Party Seats Gains Losses Net gain/loss Seats % Votes % Votes +/−
  Whig 292 + 21 53.8 259,311 + 6.9
  Conservative 325 - 42 42.7 205,481 - 8.2
  Irish Repeal 36 + 16 2.9 14,128 + 1.0
  Chartist 1 1 0 + 1 0.6 2,848 0
  Others 2 2 0 + 2 0.1 661 N/A

Total votes cast: 482,429. "Others" includes Irish Confederate Party. Conservative totals include Liberal Conservatives.

Voting summary[edit]

Popular vote
Whig
  
53.75%
Conservative
  
42.59%
Irish Repeal
  
2.93%
Chartist
  
0.59%
Others
  
0.14%

Seats summary[edit]

Parliamentary seats
Whig
  
44.51%
Conservative
  
49.54%
Irish Repeal
  
5.49%
Chartist
  
0.15%
Others
  
0.3%

Regional Results[edit]

Great Britain[edit]

Party Candidates Unopposed Seats Seats change Votes  %  % Change
Conservative & Liberal Conservatives 373 180 285 194,223 43.1
Whig 360 125 267 253,376 56.2
Chartist 9 0 1 Increase1 2,848 0.6
Total 742 305 553 Steady 450,447 100
England[edit]
Party Candidates Unopposed Seats Seats change Votes  %  % Change
Conservative & Liberal Conservatives 319 149 239 170,407 42.1
Whig 297 92 222 230,656 57.2
Chartist 9 0 1 Increase1 2,848 0.7
Total 625 241 462 Steady 403,911 100
Scotland[edit]
Party Candidates Unopposed Seats Seats change Votes  %  % Change
Whig 48 21 33 Increase2 20,092 81.7 Increase20.9
Conservative & Liberal Conservatives 23 16 20 Decrease2 3,509 18.3 Decrease20.0
Total 71 37 53 Steady 23,601 100
Wales[edit]
Party Candidates Unopposed Seats Seats change Votes  %  % Change
Conservative & Liberal Conservatives 22 15 20 11,114 89.5
Whig 13 12 12 1,394 10.5
Total 35 27 32 Steady 12,508 100

Ireland[edit]

Party Candidates Unopposed Seats Seats change Votes  %  % Change
Conservative 38 24 29 Decrease1 10,294 31.0 Decrease6.1
Liberal Conservatives 11 9 11 964 3.0
Repeal 51 18 36 14,128 43.6
Whig 33 11 25 5,935 20.2
Irish Confederate 3 0 2 629 2.0
Independent 1 0 0 32 0.2
Total 137 62 103 31,982 100

Universities[edit]

Party Candidates Unopposed Seats Seats change Votes  %  % Change
Conservative & Liberal Conservatives 9 0 6 Steady 9,193 88.2
Whig 2 0 0 Steady 1,234 11.8
Total 11 0 6 Steady 10,427 100

References[edit]