United Kingdom general election, 1885

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United Kingdom general election, 1885
United Kingdom
1880 ←
members
24 November–18 December 1885 → 1886
members

All 670 seats in the House of Commons
336 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
  Gladstone.jpg 3rd Marquess of Salisbury.jpg Charles Stewart Parnell - Brady-Handy.jpg
Leader William Ewart Gladstone Lord Salisbury Charles Stewart Parnell
Party Liberal Conservative Irish Parliamentary
Leader since April 1880 April 1881 17 October 1882
Leader's seat Midlothian Marquess of Salisbury Cork City
Last election 352 seats, 54.7% 237 seats, 42.5% 63 seats, 2.8%
Seats won 319 247 86
Seat change Decrease 33 Increase 10 Increase 23
Popular vote 2,199,198 2,020,927 310,608
Percentage 47.4% 43.5% 6.9%
Swing Decrease 7.3% Increase 1.0% Increase 4.1%

PM before election

Lord Salisbury
Conservative

Subsequent PM

William Ewart Gladstone
Liberal

1874 election MPs
1880 election MPs
1885 election MPs
1886 election MPs
1892 election MPs

The 1885 United Kingdom general election was from 24 November to 18 December 1885. This was the first general election after an extension of the franchise and redistribution of seats. For the first time a majority of adult males could vote and most constituencies returned a single-member to Parliament. It saw the Liberals, led by William Ewart Gladstone, win the most seats, but not an overall majority. As the Irish Nationalists held the balance of power between them and the Conservatives, this exacerbated divisions within the Liberals over Irish Home Rule and led to a split and another general election the following year.

Results[edit]

UK General Election 1885
Candidates Votes
Party Standing Elected Gained Unseated Net  % of total  % No. Net %
  Liberal 575 319 - 33 47.4 2,199,198 - 7.3
  Conservative 597 247 + 10 43.5 2,020,927 + 1.0
  Irish Parliamentary 91 86 + 23 6.9 310,608 + 4.1
  Independent Liberal 35 11 11 0 + 11 1.3 55,652 N/A
  Independent Liberal and Crofters Party 6 4 4 0 + 4 0.4 16,551 N/A
  Independent Conservative 8 2 2 0 + 2 0.3 12,599 N/A
  Lib-Lab 4 1 1 0 + 1 0.2 8,232 N/A
  Independent 6 0 0 0 0 0.1 6,570 N/A
  Independent Nationalist 2 0 0 0 0 0.1 2,889 N/A
  Scottish Land Restoration 5 0 0 0 0 0.0 2,359 N/A
  Irish Loyalist 6 0 0 0 0 0.0 1,869 N/A
  Social Democratic Federation 3 0 0 0 0 0.0 657 N/A

Total votes cast: 4,638,235. All parties shown.

Voting summary[edit]

Popular vote
Liberal
  
47.41%
Conservative
  
43.57%
Irish Parliamentary
  
6.7%
Independent
  
2.03%
Others
  
0.29%

Seats summary[edit]

Parliamentary seats
Liberal
  
47.61%
Conservative
  
36.87%
Irish Parliamentary
  
12.84%
Lib-Lab
  
0.15%
Independent
  
2.54%

See also[edit]

References[edit]