United Kingdom general election, 1922

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United Kingdom general election, 1922
United Kingdom
1918 ←
members
15 November 1922 → 1923
members

All 615 seats to the House of Commons
308 seats needed for a majority
Turnout 73.0%
  First party Second party
  Andrew Bonar Law 02.jpg Jrclynes.jpg
Leader Andrew Bonar Law J. R. Clynes
Party Conservative Labour
Leader since 23 October 1922 14 February 1921
Leader's seat Glasgow Central Manchester Platting
Last election 332 seats, 33.3% 57 seats, 21.5%
Seats won 344 142
Seat change Increase 12 Increase 85
Popular vote 5,294,465 4,076,665
Percentage 38.5% 29.7%
Swing Increase 6.0% Increase 8.9%

  Third party Fourth party
  1923 Herbert Asquith.jpg David Lloyd George.jpg
Leader H. H. Asquith David Lloyd George
Party Liberal National Liberal
Leader since 30 April 1908 7 December 1916
Leader's seat Paisley Caernarvon Boroughs
Last election 36 seats, 13.3% 127 seats, 12.6%
Seats won 62 53
Seat change Increase 26 Decrease 74
Popular vote 2,601,486 1,355,366
Percentage 18.9% 9.9%
Swing Increase 5.9% Decrease 2.7%

PM before election

David Lloyd George
National

Subsequent PM

Andrew Bonar Law
Conservative

The United Kingdom general election of 1922 was held on Wednesday 15 November 1922. It was the first election held after most of the Irish counties left the United Kingdom to form the Irish Free State, and was won by Andrew Bonar Law's Conservatives, who gained an overall majority over Labour, led by J. R. Clynes, and a divided Liberal Party.

The Liberal Party were split between the "National Liberals" following David Lloyd George and the "Liberals" following H. H. Asquith. However, some candidates stood calling for a reunited Liberal party whilst others appear to have backed both Asquith and Lloyd George. Few sources are able to agree on exact numbers, and even in contemporary records held by the two groups some MPs were claimed for both sides.

In any case, it was the first election where Labour surpassed the combined strength of both Liberal parties, in votes as well as seats.

Until the previous month the Conservatives had been in coalition with the Lloyd George Liberals — some Lloyd George Liberals were not opposed by Conservative candidates (e.g. Winston Churchill, who was defeated at Dundee nonetheless) whilst many leading Conservatives (e.g. former leaders Sir Austen Chamberlain and Arthur Balfour, and Lord Birkenhead) were not members of Bonar Law's government, and hoped to hold the balance of power after the election. This was not to be, as Bonar Law won an overall majority.

Dec 1910 election MPs
1918 election MPs
1922 election MPs
1923 election MPs
1924 election MPs

Results[edit]

UK General Election 1922
Candidates Votes
Party Standing Elected Gained Unseated Net  % of total  % No. Net %
  Conservative 482 344 + 12 55.9 38.5 5,294,465 +6.0
  Labour 414 142 + 85 23.1 29.7 4,076,665 +8.9
  Liberal 334 62 + 26 10.1 18.9 2,601,486 +5.9
  National Liberal 155 53 - 74 8.6 9.9 1,355,366 -2.7
  Independent Conservative 20 3 3 1 + 2 0.5 0.9 116,861 +0.5
  Independent 15 3 3 2 + 1 0.5 0.8 114,697 -0.2
  Nationalist 4 3 2 6 - 4 0.5 0.4 57,641 -1.8
  Communist 5 1 1 0 + 1 0.17 0.2 30,684 N/A
  Agriculturalist 4 0 0 0 0 0.2 21,510 0.0
  Independent Labour 4 1 0 1 - 1 0.17 0.1 18,419 -1.0
  Constitutionalist 1 1 1 0 + 1 0.17 0.1 16,662 N/A
  Scottish Prohibition 1 1 1 0 + 1 0.17 0.1 16,289 +0.1
  Independent Liberal 3 1 1 1 0 0.17 0.1 13,197 -0.1
  Independent Unionist 1 0 0 0 0 0.1 9,861 N/A
  Independent Communist 1 0 0 0 0 0.0 4,027 N/A
  Anti-Parliamentary Communist 1 0 0 0 0 0.0 470 N/A

Total votes cast: 13,748,300. Turnout 73.0%.[1] All parties shown. Conservatives include Ulster Unionists. National Liberals were party formed by Lloyd George's Coalition Liberals after leaving the government. Their net seat change is compared with the Coalition Liberals' number of seats after the 1918 election.

Votes summary[edit]

Popular vote
Conservative
  
38.51%
Labour
  
29.65%
Liberal
  
18.92%
National Liberal
  
9.86%
Independent
  
2.01%
Nationalist
  
0.42%
Communist
  
0.22%
Others
  
0.41%

Seats summary[edit]

Parliamentary seats
Conservative
  
55.93%
Labour
  
23.09%
Liberal
  
10.08%
National Liberal
  
8.62%
Independent
  
1.3%
Nationalist
  
0.49%
Communist
  
0.16%
Others
  
0.33%

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]