African Union – United Nations Hybrid Operation in Darfur

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United Nations – African Union Mission in Darfur
Sudan Envoy - Honor Guard.jpg
UNAMID Forces
Abbreviation UNAMID
Formation 31 July 2007
Type Peacekeeping Mission
Legal status Active
Head Mohammed Ibn Chambas
Parent organization United Nations Security Council / African Union
Website un.org/UNAMID

The African Union – United Nations Hybrid Operation in Darfur[1] (UNAMID) is a joint African Union and United Nations peacekeeping mission formally approved by United Nations Security Council Resolution 1769 on July 31, 2007,[2] to bring stability to the war-torn Darfur region of Sudan while peace talks on a final settlement continue.

Its initial 12-month mandate has been extended to July 31, 2010.[3] Its budget is approximately $106 million per month.[4] Its force of about 26,000 personnel began to deploy to the region in October 2007. The 9,000-strong African Union Mission in Sudan (AMIS), which was previously responsible for peacekeeping, had completely merged into this new force by December 31, 2007.[5]

The mandate is for a force of up to 19,555 military personnel and 3,772 police, along with a further "19 formed police units comprising up to 140 personnel each."[6] The peacekeepers will be allowed to use force to protect civilians and humanitarian operations. UNAMID will be the first joint UN/AU force and the largest peacekeeping mission. As of December 2008, it has deployed 15,136 total uniformed personnel, including 12,194 troops, 175 military observers, 2,767 police officers, supported by 786 international civilian personnel, 1,405 local civilian staff and 266 United Nations Volunteers.[7]

Participants[edit]

On August 12, 2007, Alpha Oumar Konare, the chairman of the African Union announced UNAMID was likely to be an all-African peacekeeping force.[8][9] As of 30 June 2013, the total number of personnel in the mission is 19,735:[10][11]

Country Police Experts Troops
 Bangladesh[12][13] 764 16 196
 Benin 1
 Bolivia 2
 Burkina Faso 184 12 808
 Burundi 71 8 2
 Cambodia 3
 Cameroon 14
 China[14] 233
 Ivory Coast 6
 Djibouti 151
 Egypt 245 24 1,062
 Ethiopia 26 16 2,549
 Gambia 156 211
 Germany 3 10
 Ghana 158 8 12
 Indonesia 156 4 1
 Iran 2 16
 Jamaica 12
 Jordan 531 13 12
 Kenya 5 80
 Kyrgyzstan 7 2
 Lesotho 2 1
 Libya 14
 Madagascar 9
 Malawi 59
 Malaysia 44 2 14
 Mali 7 1
 Mongolia 70
 Namibia 10 3
   Nepal 297 18 363
 Nigeria 372 14 2,573
 Pakistan 244 6 504
 Palau 1 1 1
 Peru 4
 Rwanda[15] 212 11 3,239
 Senegal[16] 300 19 795
 Sierra Leone 95 10 11
 South Africa 16 809
 South Korea 2
 Tajikistan 14
 Tanzania[17] 208 21 894
 Thailand 8 7
 Togo 140 7
 Tunisia 67
 Turkey 79
 Yemen 204 47 4
 Zambia 63 12 5
 Zimbabwe 6 2

Former contributors[edit]

Commanders[edit]

Casualties[edit]

UNAMID deaths by nationality

 Rwanda: 10
 Nigeria: 4
 Egypt: 2
 Uganda: 2
 Ghana: 1
 South Africa: 1
 Tanzania: 10
Unknown: 4

TOTAL: 192[21]

  • A Ugandan peacekeeper had been found shot dead in his car in the El Fasher region on May 29, 2008.[22]
  • On 8 July 2008, seven UN peacekeepers were killed, and 22 injured in an attack by a militia.[23] The attack was reported and condemned by the United Nations Security Council.[24]
  • A Nigerian peacekeeper was killed on July 16, 2008.[25]
  • A Nigerian peacekeeper was killed on October 7, 2008.[26]
  • A South African peacekeeper was killed on October 29, 2008.[27]
  • Two UNAMID peacekeepers were killed between November 2008 and February 2009.[28]
  • A Nigerian peacekeeper was killed in a firefight on March 17, 2009.[29]
  • A UNAMID peacekeeper was shot dead in front of his home in Nyala on May 8, 2009.[30]
  • A UNAMID peacekeeper was killed between June and August 2009.[31]
  • A Nigerian peacekeeper was killed in an ambush in Sudan's western Darfur region on September 29, 2009.[31]
  • Three[32] Rwandan peacekeepers were killed and three wounded in an ambush by gunmen while escorting a water tanker on December 4, 2009.[33]
  • On 6 December 2009, two more Rwandan peacekeepers were killed and one was wounded when gunmen opened fire from a crowd as Rwandan troops were distributing water.[34]
  • Two Egyptian peackeepers were killed and three wounded in an ambush near Edd al-Fursan in southern Darfur on May 7, 2010.[35]
  • One UNAMID peacekeeper was killed, and three others were critically wounded, in an attack that took place on January 21, 2012 while they were patrolling in Darfur.[36]
  • One UNAMID peacekeeper was killed and two injured on 19 April 2013 in an attack on their base at Muhajeria in East Darfur.[37]
  • Seven Tanzanian peacekeepers were killed on 13 July 2013.[38]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "African Union - United Nations Hybrid Operation in Darfur". 
  2. ^ United Nations Security Council Resolution 1769. S/RES/1769(2007) 31 July 2007. Retrieved 2008-04-10.
  3. ^ United Nations Security Council Resolution 1881. S/RES/1881(2009) 31 July 2009. Retrieved 2009-08-16.
  4. ^ United Nations Security Council Document 443. Report of the Secretary-General on the deployment of the African Union-United Nations Hybrid Operation in Darfur S/2008/443 page 8. 7 July 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-18.
  5. ^ UN Press Release
  6. ^ United Nations Security Council Resolution 1769. S/RES/1769(2007) page 3. 31 July 2007. Retrieved 2008-08-18.
  7. ^ UNAMID Mission Site
  8. ^ "Africa | Darfur force 'to be all-African'". BBC News. 2007-08-13. Archived from the original on 6 April 2009. Retrieved 2009-04-25. 
  9. ^ "UN ‘hitting the target’ towards deployment of hybrid peace force in Darfur". Un.org. 2007-08-07. Retrieved 2009-04-25. 
  10. ^ "UN Mission's Contributions by Country" (PDF). Page 9, UN. 30 June 2013. Retrieved 17 July 2013. 
  11. ^ "UNAMID Facts and Figures". UN. Retrieved 16 July 2013. 
  12. ^ John Pike. "VOA News - Bangladesh Troops to Join UN Force in Sudan". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 2009-04-25. 
  13. ^ "Bangladesh to send troops for UN peacekeeping mission in Sudan". SudanTribune article. 2004-12-20. Retrieved 2009-04-25. 
  14. ^ People's Daily Online - Chinese peace-keeping force formed for Sudan mission
  15. ^ "Africa: Continent to Give Troops to Hybrid Darfur Force (Page 1 of 1)". allAfrica.com. 2007-08-03. Retrieved 2009-04-25. 
  16. ^ BBc News: Senegal to triple Darfur troops
  17. ^ "Tanzania seeks review of peacekeeping rules". africareview.com. 15 July 2013. Retrieved 16 July 2013. 
  18. ^ Government of Canada. "National Defence and the Canadian Forces - Operation SATURN". Retrieved 2013-03-22. 
  19. ^ McDonald, Henry (2007-08-05). "Irish troops to keep peace in Darfur for UN". Guardian Unlimited (London: Guardian News and Media Limited). Archived from the original on 19 August 2007. Retrieved 2007-08-20. 
  20. ^ "Norway condemns attack on UN and AU in Sudan". tnp.no. 16 July 2013. Retrieved 16 July 2013. 
  21. ^ http://www.un.org/en/peacekeeping/fatalities/documents/stats_4a.pdf
  22. ^ The Earthtimes (2008-05-29). "UN peacekeeper killed in Darfur : Africa World". Earthtimes.org. Retrieved 2009-04-25. 
  23. ^ Mvunganyi, Jackson. "UN Peacekeepers Killed In Darfur attack". VOA News. Retrieved 2009-04-25. 
  24. ^ United Nations Security Council Verbatim Report 5935. S/PV/5935 16 July 2008. Retrieved 2008-07-20.
  25. ^ "Africa - UN peacekeeper killed in Darfur". Al Jazeera English. 2008-07-17. Retrieved 2009-04-25. 
  26. ^ "Africa | Darfur ambush kills peacekeeper". BBC News. 2008-10-07. Retrieved 2009-04-25. 
  27. ^ Alaa, Shahine (2008-10-30). "Gunmen kill South African peacekeeper in Sudan's Darfur". Khartoum. Reuters. Retrieved 18 April 2011. "Unknown gunmen have killed a South African peacekeeper and wounded another in Sudan's western Darfur region, the United Nations/African Union force (UNAMID) said Thursday." 
  28. ^ http://www.reliefweb.int/rw/rwb.nsf/db900SID/EGUA-7Q8NTL?OpenDocument
  29. ^ http://www.civpol.org/modules.php?name=News&file=article&sid=1164
  30. ^ "Darfur peacekeeper killed during carjacking - CNN.com". CNN. 2009-05-08. Retrieved 2010-04-23. 
  31. ^ a b http://english.aljazeera.net/news/africa/2009/09/200992975043393744.html
  32. ^ http://www.alertnet.org/thenews/newsdesk/HEA531396.htm
  33. ^ BBC News: Two Rwandan peacekeepers killed in Darfur
  34. ^ "Rwandan soldiers killed in Darfur". BBC News. 2009-12-05. Retrieved 2010-04-23. 
  35. ^ "Two peacekeepers killed in Darfur". BBC News. 2010-05-07. 
  36. ^ http://thedarfurblog.blogspot.com/2012/01/un-security-council-press-statement-on.html
  37. ^ "UNAMID peacekeeper killed in East Darfur". Sudan Tribune. 19 April 2013. Retrieved 20 April 2013. 
  38. ^ "Statement attributable to the Spokesperson for the Secretary-General on the deadly attack on UNAMID peacekeepers in South Darfur". UN. Retrieved 16 July 2013. 

External links[edit]