United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean

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United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean
CEPAL building.jpg
ECLAC headquarters in Santiago, Chile
Paises membros CEPAL.png
Map showing United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean members
Abbreviation ECLAC / CEPAL
Formation 1948
Type Primary Organ - Regional Branch
Legal status Active
Headquarters Chile Santiago, Chile
Mexico Alicia Bárcena[1]
Parent organization
Website English version

The United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean, known as ECLAC, UNECLAC or in Spanish CEPAL, is a United Nations regional commission to encourage economic cooperation. ECLAC includes 44 member States (20 in Latin America, 13 in the Caribbean and 11 from outside the region), and eight associate members which are non-independent territories in the Caribbean. ECLAC publishes statistics covering the countries of the region[2] and makes cooperative agreements with nonprofit institutions.[3] ECLAC's headquarters is in Santiago Chile.

ECLAC was established in 1948 as the UN Economic Commission for Latin America,[4] or UNECLA. In 1984, a resolution was passed to include the countries of the Caribbean in the name.[5] It reports to the UN Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC).

Member states[edit]

The member states are Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, France, Germany, Grenada, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Mexico, Netherlands, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Portugal, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Spain, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, United States of America, Uruguay, and Venezuela. The associate members are Anguilla, Aruba, Bermuda, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Curaçao, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Montserrat, Puerto Rico, Turks and Caicos Islands, United States Virgin Islands and Sint Maarten. [6]


Executive Secretaries of ECLAC[edit]

Alicia Bárcena Ibarra was appointed Executive Secretary in July 2008.
Name Country Served
Gustavo Martínez Cabañas Mexico December 1948 – April 1950
Raúl Prebisch Argentina May 1950 – July 1963
José Antonio Mayobre Venezuela August 1963 – December 1966
Carlos Quintana Mexico January 1967 – March 1972
Enrique V. Iglesias Uruguay April 1972 – February 1985
Norberto González Argentina March 1985 – December 1987
Gert Rosenthal Guatemala January 1988 – December 1997
José Antonio Ocampo Colombia January 1998 – August 2003
José Luis Machinea Argentina December 2003 to June 2008
Alicia Bárcena Ibarra México July 2008 to present

See also[edit]

  • United Nations System
  • eLAC eLAC2007, eLAC2010 and eLAC2015: Strategies for the Information Society in Latin America and the Caribbean


  1. ^ eclac.cl, ECLAC: Office of the Executive Secretary
  2. ^ CEPALSTAT page at official ECLAC site
  3. ^ ECLAC signed a cooperation agreement to promote science and technology in the region (with Brazilian Center for Strategic Studies and Management) at ECLAC.org
  4. ^ Cypher, James M.; Dietz, James L. (2009). The process of economic development. London & New York: Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-77103-0. 
  5. ^ ABOUT ECLAC at official ECLAC site
  6. ^ "ABOUT ECLAC – Member States and associate members of ECLAC". CEPAL. Retrieved 15 June 2013. 


External links[edit]