United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific
|United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific|
Map showing United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific members
|Type||Primary Organ - Regional Branch|
Executive Secretary of ESCAP
The Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UNESCAP or ESCAP), located in Bangkok, Thailand, is one of the five regional commissions of the United Nations Economic and Social Council. It was established in 1947 (then as the UN Economic Commission for Asia and the Far East - ECAFE) to encourage economic cooperation among its member states. The name was changed to the current in 1974. It is one of five regional commissions under the administrative direction of United Nations headquarters. ESCAP has 53 member States and nine Associate members, and reports to the UN Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC). As well as countries in Asia and the Pacific, it includes France, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom and the United States.
ESCAP is headed by Executive Secretary Shamshad Akhtar of Pakistan. Following her appointment on 3 February it was announced that under her leadership, ESCAP will place a greater emphasis on promoting higher, well-balanced and sustainable regional growth that helps eradicate poverty and generates jobs to improve prosperity in the region.
Fifty-three countries are members of ESCAP, and there are nine countries which are associate members. ESCAP's regional focus is managing globalization through programs in environmentally sustainable development, trade, and human rights.
ESCAP works to overcome some of the region's greatest challenges by providing results oriented projects, technical assistance and capacity building to member States in the following areas:
- Macroeconomic Policy and Development
- Trade and Investment
- Social Development
- Environment and Sustainable Development
- Information and Communications Technology and Disaster Risk Reduction
- Sub-regional activities for development
- East Timor
- Marshall Islands
- Federated States of Micronesia
- New Zealand
- North Korea
- Papua New Guinea
- Solomon Islands
- South Korea
- Sri Lanka
- United Kingdom
- United States
- American Samoa
- Cook Islands
- French Polynesia
- Hong Kong, China
- Macau, China
- New Caledonia
- Northern Mariana Islands
- Ms. Noeleen Heyzer, Singapore (2007 - 2014)
- Mr. Kim Hak-Su, South Korea (2000 - 2007)
- Mr. Adrianus Mooy, Indonesia (1995 - 2000)
- Mr. Rafeeuddin Ahmed, Pakistan (1992 - 1994)
- Mr. S. A. M. S. Kibria, Bangladesh (1981 - 1992)
- Mr. J. B. P. Maramis, Indonesia (1973 - 1981)
- Mr. U Nyun, Myanmar (1959 - 1973)
- Mr. Chakravarthi V. Narasimhan, India (1956 - 1959)
- Mr. P. S. Lokanathan, India (1947 - 1956)
- United Nations System
- United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia
- United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (overlaping membership)
- United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (overlaping membership)
- Trans-Asian Railway Network Agreement
- Asian Highway Network
- unescap.org, ESCAP: Office of the Executive Secretary 
- "SUBSIDIARY BODIES OF ECOSOC". United Nations Economic and Social Council.
- UNESCAP. "Shamshad Akhtar takes charge of UN ESCAP". Press release. Retrieved 4 February 2014.
- "About ESCAP". United Nations ESCAP.
- "Former Executive Secretaries". United Nations ESCAP.
- UN Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific
- ESCAP Pacific Operations Centre EPOC
- Centre for Alleviation of Poverty through Secondary Crops' Development in Asia and the Pacific (CAPSA)