United Nations Foundation

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The United Nations Foundation was launched in 1998 with a $1 billion gift from Ted Turner to support the United Nations causes. The creation of the Foundation was intended to encourage other donors to also support the UN in its activities.[1] The main issue areas that the Foundation addresses are child health, climate change & energy, sustainable development, technology, women, girls, and population, and supporting the United Nations.[2] Some of the biggest global campaigns that the UN Foundation has been involved in include Nothing But Nets, the Measles & Rubella Initiative, the Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves, Girl Up, Shot@Life, and the Better World Campaign, among others.

History and background[edit]

The United Nations Foundation's original purpose was to build support for United Nations causes and to make sure that the United States honors its commitments to the United Nations. Since its beginning, the United Nations Foundation and the Better World Campaign have provided grants in order to support the UN goals worldwide. The United Nations Foundation serves as the largest source of private funding to the United Nations.[3] In conjunction with the UN, they established the United Nations Fund for International Partnerships was established to serve as the UN counterpart to the Foundation.[4]

The United Nations Foundation has collected more than $1.2 billion from other places, including from other foundations, corporations, NGOs, and individuals. The Foundation also works with UN partners in order to provide policy recommendations and project proposals. The Foundation and its sister organization, The Better World Campaign, have helped raise awareness of and support for the UN among global policy makers and the public.[5] The UN Foundation's current budgetary breakdown is $115.7 million going to program services, $7.3 million to fundraising, and $11.8 million going to management and overhead.[6]

Turner's choice of the UN for his donation[edit]

Ted Turner, who in 1996 was worth $3.2 billion due to his Time Warner enterprise, decided to make a $1 billion contribution to the UN because he had previously donated to similar causes, and felt strongly about the issues the UN were participating in. Before donating to the UN, Turner was a proponent for the protection of the environment, especially in combating global warming. Turner believed that his $100 million per year donation over the course of 10 years would make a difference in the direction of the United Nations, and that he could use this donation to encourage other wealthy members of society to make financial contributions to the work of the UN.[7]

Leadership[edit]

Muhammad Yunus, a member of the UN Foundation's the board of directors

The UN Foundation is led by President and chief executive officer Kathy Calvin. She previously served as the President of AOL Time Warner prior to becoming the CEO of the UN Foundation.[8] Timothy E. Wirth, a former United States Congressman, U.S. Senator, and the first Undersecretary for Global Affairs in U.S. President Bill Clinton's administration, previously served as the Foundation's President from 1998 to 2013.[9] Ted Turner serves as the chairman of the board. Other notable board members include Queen Rania Al-Abdullah of Jordan, former UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan, Gro Harlem Brundtland, and Muhammad Yunus among others.[10]

Background of Foundation's involvement with the UN[edit]

When the UN Foundation started, it desired to assist the UN with a wide variety of issues, and bring attention to particular modern problems. The Foundation wished to help then Secretary-General Kofi Annan with the problem of reforming the UN. They also desired to bolster UN programs that were viewed as successful, including children's health, population control, environment issues, and land-mines. One of their priorities was also to work with the private sector to raise more money for the UN. They also had the intention of raising awareness of the UN and its programs amongst the American population. They have had a close relationship with the UN and its leadership from the beginning in order to set goals and provide funding for particular programs.[11]

Specific campaigns[edit]

Global health[edit]

One of the global issues that the UN Foundation focuses on is women and children's health. They work closely with private sector partners and UN agencies in order to address a variety of children's health issues. One of their biggest campaigns is working to reduce the number of deaths from measles. The Measles & Rubella Initiative, as it called, is a partnership between the UN Foundation, the American Red Cross, UNICEF, the Centers for Disease Control, and the World Health Organization in order to provide measles vaccinations to children across the African continent. During the first year of this campaign, vaccines were distributed across 8 African countries, which vaccinated over 21 million children. This campaign not only focuses on vaccinating children, but also putting into place health infrastructure, and promoting better access to health-care across the continent.[12] In ten years, the Measles Initiative has protected more than 1 billion children from measles.

The UN Foundation also runs the Nothing But Nets Campaign, which is targeted at reducing malaria across the African continent. This campaign originally started when Sports Illustrated writer Patrick Reilley published an article asking his readers to donate money to a campaign to buy mosquito nets for those in Africa suffering from malaria. With support from the UN Foundation, Reilley's project got off the ground, and has to-date provided over 7 million nets across Africa.[13]

The Global Polio Eradication Initiative is a partnership that includes the UN Foundation, Rotary International, the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, UNICEF, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the World Health Organization. The initiative is dedicated to globally eradicating polio through vaccinations and has protected 2 billion children from polio.

The mHealth Alliance was formed by the UN Foundation, the Rockefeller Foundation and the Vodafone Foundation to facilitate global innovation and ensure maximum impact in the field of mobile health (mHealth). The Alliance acts as an umbrella organization to complement, draw together and expand upon the mHealth initiatives of multiple organizations around the world to address global health needs. Since 2006, the UN Foundation-Vodafone Foundation Technology Partnership has been working with the World Health Organization, DataDyne.org and country Ministries of Health to support the development of a sustainable and scalable technology solution to quickly collect vital health data.

The UN Foundation’s Shot@Life campaign educates, connects and empowers Americans to champion vaccines as one of the most cost-effective ways to save the lives of children in developing countries. The campaign encourages Americans to learn about, advocate for, and donate vaccines to decrease vaccine-preventable childhood deaths.

Every Woman Every Child was launched by UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon during the United Nations Millennium Development Goals Summit in 2010 and aims to save the lives of 16 million women and children 2015. It is a global effort to mobilize and intensify international and national action by governments, multilaterals, the private sector and civil society to address major health challenges facing women and children around the world.

Energy and Climate[edit]

One of the largest global issues that the UN Foundation is involved in is climate change and energy. The UN Foundation priorities include tackling the global climate challenge, improving energy efficiency and achieving universal energy access. The Foundation's Climate Change and Sustainable Energy Program works with partners in the NGO sector, the UN, governments, and private corporations to come up with solutions and provide funding to programs related to this issue. One of their campaigns in relation to climate change and energy is to provide communities around the world with renewable energy technologies in order to promote sustainability globally.[14]

The Sustainable Energy for All Initiative calls for private sector and national commitments and attracts global attention to the importance of energy for development and poverty alleviation. The initiative has been called for by UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon and, as part of the initiative, the UN Foundation has launched a global Energy Access Practitioner Network. The Network aims to bring together practitioners from the private sector and civil society working on the delivery of energy services and solutions related to electrification in a range of developing country contexts to develop a more integrated approach to energy access planning and execution.

The Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves is an initiative led by the UN Foundation and supports large-scale adoption of clean and safe household cooking solutions as a way to save lives, improve livelihoods, empower women, and reduce climate change missions. The alliance works with public, private, and non-profit partners to overcome market barriers that hamper the production, deployment, and use of clean cookstoves in the developing world. It works to develop standards for cleaner stoves, increase public and policymaker awareness of the health and environmental benefits of improved stoves.

The UN Foundation’s International Bioenergy and Sustainability Initiative advances environmentally and economically sustainable strategies for harnessing biomass energy in ways that minimize competition with food products. The initiatives seeks to identify, share and promote best practices for the sustainable use of bioenergy with government leaders, UN agencies, scientific experts, and nongovernmental organizations.

Girls, women & population[edit]

The UN Foundation launched the campaign Girl Up in September 2010. This “for girls, by girls” campaign channels the energy and enthusiasm of American girls into a powerful force for change for girls globally. Through Girl Up’s support, girls in developing countries have the opportunity to become educated, healthy, safe, counted, and positioned to be the next generation of leaders.

The Universal Access Project works to achieve universal access to reproductive health care leading to healthier women, stronger families, and more stable, prosperous communities. The UN Foundation is committed to achieving universal access to reproductive health care by 2015 which is also a Millennium Development Goal target.

UN advocacy in the U.S.[edit]

The UN Foundation has an extremely close relationship with the UN, as it provides it with large amounts of money to fund programs. The UN Foundation, through its sponsorship and funding of the Better World Campaign, works to better the relationship between the United States and the United Nations. The Better World Campaign advocates at Congress in order to ensure that the US fulfills its financial obligations to the United Nations, and that it repays its debt. The Better World Campaign allows the Foundation to have a direct channel to the US legislative and administrative powers.[15] The UN Foundation also works with the UN to develop new websites, create the UN Radio Service, engage online media outlets and share the UN’s point of view through blogs to highlight UN peacekeeping, UN reform, climate change, HIV/AIDS and women’s empowerment.

Global Entrepreneurs Council[edit]

The United Nations Foundation recently announced a new Global Entrepreneurs Council which is made up of 10 emerging entrepreneurs under the age of 40 who will work with the UN to address global issues. The United Nations Foundation has brought together some of the brightest entrepreneurs under 45 through the Global Entrepreneurs Council who will work with the UN to address global issues. Council members represent various industries including, corporate, creative community, and media and have a proven track record of entrepreneurship, philanthropy, and advocacy on global issues. They include the former marketing director of Facebook, Randi Zuckerbergand the former publisher of Variety Magazine, Brian Gott, among others.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Adam Cohen and Aixa M. Pascual (29 September 1997). "Ted Turner: Putting His Money...". Time. Retrieved 27 April 2011. 
  2. ^ Dyan Machan (1 June 1998), Tim Wirth's Shopping List, Forbes Magazine v.161 
  3. ^ Ted Turner and Timothy Wirth (2001). A Key Partner for Innovative Alliances – The United Nations Foundation. UN Chronicle no.4. 
  4. ^ UNFIP: Partnerships Beyond Borders, UN Chronicle v.41, 2005 
  5. ^ Ted Turner and Timothy Wirth (2001). A Key Partner for Innovative Alliances – The United Nations Foundation. UN Chronicle no.4. 
  6. ^ http://www.unfoundation.org/who-we-are/financial-information/
  7. ^ Howard Fineman and Carol Bogert (29 September 1997), Why Ted gave it away, Newsweek v.130 
  8. ^ "Kathy Calvin". M Health Summit. 2010. Retrieved 24 April 20117. 
  9. ^ Dyan Machan (1 June 1998), Tim Wirth's Shopping List, Forbes Magazine v.161 
  10. ^ "United Nations Foundation: Our Board". United Nations Foundation. 2014. Retrieved 20 May 2014. 
  11. ^ Spending Ted's money, Newsweek v.130, 1 December 1997 
  12. ^ Phyllis A. Cuttino (June–August 2002), Where a child dies each minute, UN Chronicle v.39.2 
  13. ^ Patrick Reilley (25 April 2011). "Nothing But Nets: A Global Movement to Fight Malaria". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 26 April 2011. 
  14. ^ "UNEP DTIE Energy Branch: Activities". United Nations Environment Programme. Retrieved 27 April 2011. 
  15. ^ Phyllis Cuttino (December 2001 – February 2002), The Better World Campaign, UN Chronicle v.38.4 

External links[edit]