United Nations Mission in Sudan
|United Nations Mission in Sudan|
Rwandan UNMIS troops prepare to board a C-130 at El Fasher, Sudan
|Formation||24 March 2005|
|Parent organization||United Nations Security Council|
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politics and government of
The United Nations Mission in the Sudan (UNMIS) was established by the UN Security Council under Resolution 1590 of 24 March 2005, in response to the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement between the government of the Sudan and the Sudan People's Liberation Movement on January 9, 2005 in Nairobi, Kenya.
UNMIS tasks are to support the implementation of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement, to perform certain functions relating to humanitarian assistance, protection, promotion of human rights, and to support African Union Mission in Sudan. The mandate of UNMIS ended on 9 July 2011; the UNSC officially ended the mission on 11 July 2011, with a drawdown by 31 August 2011. Equipment and personnel will be transferred to UNISFA and UNMISS.
Its most well-known employee was journalist Lubna al-Hussein, who resigned in order to waive her immunity.
- Duration: March 2005 to July 2011
- Special Representative of the Secretary-General and Head of Mission: Haile Menkarios.
- Principal Deputy Special Representative of the Secretary-General (Political): Jasbir Singh Lidder
- Deputy Special Representative of the Secretary-General (Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator): Georg Charpentier
- Force Commander: Moses Bisong Obi (Nigeria)
- Police Commissioner: vacant
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Up to 10,000 military personnel including some 750 military observers; as well as 715 civilian police, 1,018 international civilian staff, 2,623 national staff and 214 UN Volunteers. There is a small African Union force on the ground that will in time be incorporated into the U.N. force. Troops will be located in 6 different Sectors, with military observers in charge of observing the ceasefire. Force protection will be provided by various contributing countries.
Sectors are divided as such:
- Sector 1: Equatoria; Sector Headquarters Juba; Troop Contributing Country Bangladesh. This sector includes the states of West Equatoria, Bahr Al Jabal and East Equatoria. The sector headquarters is co-located with the Joint Monitoring & Coordination Office (JMCO), which coordinates the monitoring and verification effort supervised by the Ceasefire Joint Military Committee (CJMC).
- Sector 2: Bahr el Ghazal; Sector Headquarters Wau; Troop Contributing Countries Kenya and China. This sector include the states of Western Bahr el Ghazal, Northern Bahr el Ghazal, Warab and Al Buhairat.
- Sector 3: Upper White Nile; Sector Headquarters Malakal; Troop Contributing Country India. This sector includes the states of Jonglei, Unity and Upper Nile.
- Sector 4: Nuba Mountains; Sector Headquarters Kadugli; Troop Contributing Country Egypt. This sector has the same boundaries as the former Southern Kordofan Province when Greater Kordofan was sub-divided into two provinces.
- Sector 5: Southern Blue Nile; Sector Headquarters Damazin; Troop Contributing Country Pakistan. This sector consists of Blue Nile State.
- Sector 6: Abyei; Sector Headquarters Abyei; Troop Contributing Country Zambia. This sector includes the disputed oil region surrounding and extending north from the town of Abyei.
Contributors of military personnel
Australia, Austria, Bangladesh, Botswana, Brazil, Cambodia, Canada, China, Croatia, Denmark, Ecuador, Egypt, Fiji, Finland, Germany, Greece, Guatemala, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kenya, Malawi, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nigeria, Norway, Pakistan, Paraguay, Peru, Poland, Romania, Russia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Thailand, United Kingdom, United States, Ukraine, Uruguay, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe,Rwanda
Contributors of civilian police personnel
Argentina, Australia, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brazil, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Canada, China, Denmark, Egypt, Fiji, Gambia, Germany, Ghana, India, Indonesia, Jordan, Kenya, Korea, Malaysia, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nigeria, Norway, Pakistan, Philippines, Russia, Sri Lanka, Samoa, Sweden, Tanzania, Turkey, Uganda, United Kingdom, United States, Ukraine, Zambia, Zimbabwe
The Ceasefire Agreement comes into effect on the date of signature of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA). Not all belligerent groups have been party to the peace negotiations and many have proclaimed their displeasure that they have not been directly involved or their interests taken into account and stated they will not automatically feel bound by the CPA as negotiated by government of Sudan and SPLM/A. There is also an increase of well armed criminal elements that could see the UN as a lucrative target, including groups operating cross border such as the Lord’s Resistance Army.
The strategic end state is determined as: a. A stable Sudan capable of conducting a peaceful referendum 61/2 years after the Mandate in South Sudan and Abyei. b. The ability for South Sudan to determine Sudanese unity or peaceful secession. c. The ability for Abyei to determine unification with Bar el Gazhal or separate status within North Sudan. d. Provision for a stable environment in Southern Kordofan/Nuba Mountains and Blue Nile State to allow the peoples of those States through consultation come to an agreement that will be the final settlement of the political conflict in their State.
Method of financing
Approved budget for the one year period between July 1, 2006 to June 30, 2007 (Resolution 60/122 B): $1,079,530,000.
- United Nations Security Council Resolution 1590 S-RES-1590(2005) in 2005 (retrieved 2008-09-06)
- Dispatch of SDF personnel to Sudan based on the International Peace Cooperation Law. Retrieved on October 26, 2008.
- Japan's first PKO mission in Africa in 13 years. Retrieved on October 26, 2008
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