United Nations Security Council Resolution 1226
|UN Security Council
Eritrea and northern Ethiopia
|Date||29 January 1999|
|Vote||For: 15 — Abs. 0 — Against: 0|
|Subject||The situation between Eritrea and Ethiopia|
|Security Council composition|
United Nations Security Council resolution 1226, adopted unanimously on 29 January 1999, after reaffirming Resolution 1177 (1998) on the situation between Eritrea and Ethiopia, the Council strongly urged Eritrea to accept an agreement proposed by the Organisation of African Unity (OAU) to resolve the conflict between the two countries.
The Security Council expressed concern at the risk of armed conflict and the build up of arms along the border between Eritrea and Ethiopia. It noted that such a conflict would have a devastating impact on the populations of both countries and the region as a whole. The rehabilitation and reconstruction efforts of the two countries over the past eight years would be put in jeopardy by armed conflict. Meanwhile, the efforts of certain countries and regional bodies to seek a solution to the conflict were welcomed.
The resolution supported the mediation efforts of the OAU and the decision of the Secretary-General Kofi Annan to send a Special Envoy to support the OAU initiatives. It stressed that importance of the OAU Framework Agreement and welcomed Ethiopia's acceptance. Eritrea had requested further clarification and the OAU had responded, prompting the Council to urge Eritrea to accept the agreement.
Both parties were called upon to towards a reduction in tension by adopting measures leading to the restoration of confidence between both sides, improve the humanitarian situation and respect for human rights. Finally, the two countries were urged to seek a peaceful resolution, exercise restraint and refrain from taking military action.
Ethiopia accepted the provisions Resolution 1226, which was rejected by Eritrea. The latter defended its right to seek clarifications and accused the Security Council resolution of being "imbalanced" as it did not refer to human rights violations allegedly committed by Ethiopia.
- Eritrean–Ethiopian War
- List of United Nations Security Council Resolutions 1201 to 1300 (1998–2000)
- United Nations Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea
- "Security Council urges Eritrea to accept OAU agreement to settle border dispute with Ethiopia". United Nations. 29 January 1999.
- Hilaire, Max (2005). United Nations law and the Security Council. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. p. 220. ISBN 978-0-7546-4489-7.
- Gray, Christine (2006). "The Eritrea/Ethiopia Claims Commission Oversteps Its Boundaries: A Partial Award?". European Journal of International Law 17 (4): 699–721. doi:10.1093/ejil/chl023.
- Tekeste Negash; Kjetil Tronvoll (2000). Brothers at war: making sense of the Eritrean-Ethiopian war. J. Currey. p. 68. ISBN 978-0-85255-849-2.
- "Eritrean President Expresses "Astonishment" at UN Security Council Resolution 1226 – Refuses to Sign OAU Peace Plan". Eritrean News Agency. 1 February 1999. Archived from the original on 22 October 2009.
- Text of Resolution at UNdemocracy.com
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