United Nations Security Council Resolution 1399

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UN Security Council
Resolution 1399
Location GreatLakes-Africa.png
Date 19 March 2002
Meeting no. 4,495
Code S/RES/1399 (Document)
Subject The situation concerning the Democratic Republic of the Congo
Voting summary
15 voted for
None voted against
None abstained
Result Adopted
Security Council composition
Permanent members
Non-permanent members

United Nations Security Council resolution 1399, adopted unanimously on 19 March 2002, after recalling all previous resolutions on situation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Council condemned the capture of the town of Moliro and other activities by the rebel Rally for Congolese Democracy (RCD).[1]

The Security Council recalled that parties to the Lusaka Ceasefire Agreement had respected the ceasefire since January 2001, and that inter-Congolese dialogue was an essential element of the peace process.[2] It condemned the resumption of fighting around Moliro and the capture of the town by the RCD-Goma as a major violation of the ceasefire.[3] Moreover, the Council stressed that no party would be allowed to make military gains during the peace process. It demanded that the RCD immediately withdraw from Moliro and Pweto and for all other parties to withdraw to defensive positions called for in the Harare disengagement sub-plans.[3]

Recalling that Kisangani also had to be demilitarised, the resolution reminded all parties to comply with the Ceasefire Agreement and called on Rwanda to use its influence to ensure that the RCD implemented the current resolution.[4] It welcomed the deployment of the United Nations Mission in the Democratic Republic of Congo (MONUC) in the two captured towns and asked for all parties to co-operate with it. Parties to the Ceasefire Agreement were urged to refrain from military action during the inter-Congolese dialogue, and the Government of the Democratic Republic of the Congo was urged to resume its participation in the dialogue.

In response, the RCD said it welcomed the resolution and pledged to hand over the towns to MONUC control.[5] The following day the Congolese government resumed its participation in the talks.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Security Council condemns capture of Moliro by RCD-Goma". United Nations. 19 March 2002. 
  2. ^ Miske, James F.; Norton, Richard J. (2003). "The intervention in the Democratic Republic of Congo". Civil Wars 6 (4): 1–13. doi:10.1080/13698240308402552. 
  3. ^ a b Clément, Jean A. P. (2004). Postconflict economics in sub-Saharan Africa: lessons from the Democratic Republic of the Congo. International Monetary Fund. p. 55. ISBN 978-1-58906-252-8. 
  4. ^ Hilaire, Max (2005). United Nations law and the Security Council. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. p. 232. ISBN 978-0-7546-4489-7. 
  5. ^ "Congo rebels condemned". BBC News. 20 March 2002. 
  6. ^ Dummett, Mark (21 March 2002). "Government returns to DR Congo talks". BBC News. 

External links[edit]