United Nations Security Council Resolution 1645
UN Security Council
|Date:||20 December 2005|
|Vote:||For: 15 Abs.: 0 Against: 0|
|Security Council composition in 2005:|
|ALG ARG BEN BRA DEN|
|GRE JPN PHI ROU TAN|
|United Nations General Assembly building|
United Nations Security Council Resolution 1645, adopted unanimously on 20 December 2005, acting concurrently with the United Nations General Assembly, the Council established the United Nations Peacebuilding Commission to advise on post-conflict situations, in accordance with the declaration of the 2005 World Summit.
In the preamble of the resolution, the Council reaffirmed the outcome of the 2005 World Summit and recognised that human rights, development, peace and security are mutually reinforcing and connected. There was a need for a co-ordinated, coherent and integrated approach to post-conflict peacebuilding and reconciliation, while the Council also recognised the important role of the United Nations in the conflict prevention and efforts towards reconciliation.
The text reaffirmed the primary responsibility of national governments for determining post-conflict priorities and strategies, while the role of all countries, civil society, regional organisations and non-governmental organisations were important in peacebuilding.
In unison with the General Assembly, the Peacebuilding Commission was established as an intergovernmental advisory body. The main goals of the commission were to bring together all stakeholders to advise and propose strategies for building peace and reconciliation after a conflict, to focus on the restoration of state institutions and make recommendations to improve co-ordination within and outside the United Nations.
The resolution then set out the composition of the commission, to include seven members of the Security Council, seven members of the United Nations Economic and Social Council, the top five providers to the United Nations budget, the top five providers to United Nations peacekeeping missions, with representation from all regional groups. It also discussed country-specific meetings of the commission, where representatives of the World Bank and International Monetary Fund, among others, could participate. The Peacebuilding Commission was encouraged to co-operate with international organisations as appropriate, and provide advice to the Council in matter with which it is seized.
See also 
- Conflict resolution
- List of United Nations Security Council Resolutions 1601 to 1700 (2005–2006)
- "Security Council, acting concurrently wit General Assembly, establishes Peacebuilding Commission to advise on post-conflict situations". United Nations. 20 December 2005.
- Jenkins, Rob (2008). "The UN Peacebuilding Commission and the Dissemination of International Norms". Crisis States Research Centre.
- Bellamy, Alex J.; Williams, Paul; Griffin, Stuart (2009). Understanding Peacekeeping. Polity. p. 252. ISBN 978-0-7456-4186-7.
- "UN General Assembly, Security Council establish Peace-building Commission". Kuwait News Agency. 21 December 2005.
- Hoge, Warren (21 December 2005). "UN resolves to movebeyond peacekeeping". The New York Times.
- Stahn, Carsten (2008). The law and practice of international territorial administration: Versailles to Iraq and beyond. Cambridge University Press. p. 446. ISBN 978-0-521-87800-5.
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