United Nations Security Council Resolution 1696
|UN Security Council
|Date||31 July 2006|
|Subject||The situation concerning Iran
|14 voted for
1 voted against
|Security Council composition|
|Nuclear program of Iran|
United Nations Security Council Resolution 1696, adopted on July 31, 2006, after expressing concern at the intentions of the nuclear programme of Iran, the Council demanded that Iran halt its uranium enrichment programme.
Resolution 1696 was adopted by 14 votes in favour to one against (Qatar) and no abstentions. Qatar said that while it agreed with the demands of the resolution, it was not the right timing as the "region was in flames".
The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Board of Governors concluded in September 2005 that Iran had not complied with its safeguards agreement and that its nuclear program raised questions within the competence of the Security Council. In February 2006, the IAEA Board reported those conclusions to the Security Council, after it determined that Iran had not provided sufficient clarification of its nuclear intentions.
In the preamble of the resolution, the Security Council reaffirmed the provisions of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty and the right of states to the peaceful use of nuclear energy. It was "seriously concerned" that the IAEA was unable to clarify the intentions of the nuclear programme, and whether there were any undeclared activities or materials within Iran. Iran had also not taken steps required of it by the IAEA, according to the reports of its Director-General, Mohamed ElBaradei.
The text underlined the need for a political and diplomatic resolution to the situation, while expressing the proliferation risks presented by the Iranian nuclear programme and members of the Council not willing to aggravate the issue.
Acting under Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter, the Council called upon Iran to follow through with the requirements of the IAEA which would build confidence and resolve outstanding questions. It demanded that Iran suspend all enrichment-related and reprocessing activities, which would be verified by the IAEA. The resolution stated that compliance with the requirements of the IAEA would contribute to a diplomatic solution guaranteeing that Iran's nuclear programme is exclusively for peaceful purposes. Furthermore, the proposals of China, France, Germany, Russia, the United Kingdom and United States for a long-term comprehensive solution were endorsed.
The resolution urged all states to "exercise vigilance" and prohibit the transfer of any materials that could contribute to Iran's nuclear and ballistic missile programmes. It also reinforced the authority of the IAEA in its work to clarify outstanding issues relating to Iran. The Security Council expected a report from the IAEA on whether Iran had complied with its requests by August 31, 2006; legally binding "appropriate measures" would be adopted if the Council was satisfied that Iran had not met its obligations under the current Resolution 1696 in order to persuade it to co-operate with the IAEA.
Iran's failure to respond satisfactorily led to Resolution 1737 on December 23, 2006, in which sanctions were applied. Those sanctions were subsequently stepped up by resolutions 1747 (2007) and 1929 (2010).
- Iran and weapons of mass destruction
- List of United Nations Security Council Resolutions 1601 to 1700 (2005 – 2006)
- Nuclear programme of Iran
- "Security Council demands Iran suspend uranium enrichment by 31 August, or face possible economic, diplomatic sanctions". United Nations. 31 July 2006.
- United Nations (2010). Yearbook of the United Nations, Volume 60; Volume 2006. United Nations Publications. p. 434. ISBN 978-92-1-101170-8.
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- ElBaradei, Mohamed (27 February 2006). "Implementation of the NPT Safeguards Agreement in the Islamic Republic of Iran (GOV/2006/15)" (PDF). International Atomic Energy Agency.
- ElBaradei, Mohamed (28 April 2006). "Implementation of the NPT Safeguards Agreement in the Islamic Republic of Iran (GOV/2006/27)" (PDF). International Atomic Energy Agency.
- ElBaradei, Mohamed (8 June 2006). "Implementation of the NPT Safeguards Agreement in the Islamic Republic of Iran (GOV/2006/38)" (PDF). International Atomic Energy Agency.
- Busch, Nathan E.; Joyner, Daniel (2009). Combating weapons of mass destruction: the future of international nonproliferation policy. University of Georgia Press. p. 289. ISBN 978-0-8203-3221-5.
- "Iran defiant on nuclear deadline". BBC News. 1 August 2006.
- Text of Resolution at UNHCR.org
- Security Council and Iran's Legal Rights, Kaveh L. Afrasiabi, August 29, 2006.
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