United Nations Security Council Resolution 751
|UN Security Council
Equipped Somali National Army soldier
|Date||24 April 1992|
|Vote||For: 15 — Abs. 0 — Against: 0|
|Security Council composition|
United Nations Security Council resolution 751, adopted unanimously on 24 April 1992, after reaffirming resolutions 733 (1992) and 746 (1992) and considering a report by the Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali on the ongoing civil war in Somalia, the Council established a United Nations Operation in Somalia I with an immediate deployment of 50 observers in the capital Mogadishu to monitor the ceasefire.
The Council went on to establish, in principle, a security force under the direction of the newly created post, the Special Representative of the Secretary-General in Somalia, and requested further consultations on the proposed force. It also asked the Secretary-General to facilitate an immediate cessation of hostilities and an observance of a ceasefire throughout the country to promote the process of reconciliation and to provide humanitarian aid. The resolution also welcomed the efforts of the Arab League, Organisation of African Unity and Organisation of the Islamic Conference in Somalia and called for a conference with the aforementioned, the Secretary-General and factions in Somalia.
Resolution 751 also established a Committee of the Security Council to oversee a general and complete arms embargo against Somalia, including seeking information from individual states on measures taken by them, make recommendations on improving the effectiveness of the embargo, and ways in dealing with states that violate it. It ended by calling for co-operation at all levels to find a peaceful settlement in the country.
The embargo has been varied by Security Council resolutions over the years to allow journalists to import flak jackets and helmets for their personal use and for the African Union to establish an armed presence.
A Panel of Experts to investigate the lack of success of the arms embargo was set up in 2002. Its report resulted in the establishment of a Monitoring Group. A Monitoring Group report detailed numerous shipments of arms, sometimes with the help of pirates or sourced from government stockpiles in nearby countries. Donor money has been found to have funded the imports.
In 2008, the embargo was in relation to nations and the International Maritime Organisation providing technical assistance to Somalia upon their request to enhance the capacity to ensure coastal and maritime security, including combating piracy off the Somali coast.
- History of Somalia
- List of United Nations Security Council Resolutions 701 to 800 (1991–1993)
- Somali Civil War
- "Security Council Committee established pursuant to Resolution 751 (1992) concerning Somalia". United Nations.
- United Nations Security Council Resolution 1356 S-RES-1356(2001) in 2001 (retrieved 22 November 2008)
- United Nations Security Council Resolution 1744 S-RES-1744(2007) in 2007 (retrieved 22 November 2008)
- United Nations Security Council Resolution 1425 S-RES-1425(2002) in 2002 (retrieved 22 November 2008)
- United Nations Security Council Document 1035 S-2003-1035 in 2003 (retrieved 22 November 2008)
- United Nations Security Council Resolution 1519 S-RES-1519(2003) in 2003 (retrieved 22 November 2008)
- United Nations Security Council Document 274 Report of the Monitoring Group on Somalia pursuant to Security Council resolution 1766 (2007) on 24 April 2004
- United Nations Security Council Resolution 1816 S-RES-1816(2008) on 2 June 2008 (retrieved 22 November 2008)
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