United Nations Security Council election, 2010

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United Nations Security Council election, 2010
United Nations
2009 ←
12 October 2010
→ 2011
5 (of 10) non-permanent seats on the United Nations Security Council

UNSC members 2011.png

Composition of the UNSC after the 2010 election

Members before election

 Uganda (Africa)
 Japan (Asia)
 Mexico (LatAm&Car)
 Turkey (WEOG)
 Austria (WEOG)

New Members





Unsuccessful candidates
 Canada (WEOG)

The 2010 United Nations Security Council election was held on 12 October 2010[1] during the 65th session of the United Nations General Assembly, held at United Nations Headquarters in New York City. The elections were for five non-permanent seats on the UN Security Council for two-year mandates commencing on 1 January 2011.[2] The General Assembly elected Colombia, Germany, India, Portugal, and South Africa.

Procedure[edit]

In accordance with the Security Council's rotation rules, whereby the ten non-permanent UNSC seats rotate among the various regional blocs into which UN member states traditionally divide themselves for voting and representation purposes, the five available seats are allocated as follows:

Term[edit]

The five members will serve on the Security Council for the 2011–12 period.

For the WEOG seats Germany,[3][4] along with Canada,[5] and Portugal,[6][7][8] stood for election. India ran uncontested for the Asian seat since Kazakhstan stood aside. South Africa also ran uncontested for the African seat after being endorsed by the African Union. After dropping out to Brazil in the 2009 election, Colombia also ran unopposed.[9]

Elected members[edit]

Africa: South Africa replaces Uganda
Asia: India replaces Japan
GRULAC: Colombia replaces Mexico
WEOG: Germany and Portugal replace Austria and Turkey

Results[edit]

The results in the three uncontested seats were as follows: India received 187 votes, South Africa 182 votes and Colombia 186 votes.[10]

For the two Western European and Others Seats the results were as follows:

Round 1[edit]

  • Germany 128
  • Portugal 122
  • Canada 114

Germany was elected as they passed the two-thirds majority.

Round 2[edit]

  • Portugal 113
  • Canada 78

Following this round of voting Canada officially withdrew its candidacy.

Round 3[edit]

  • Portugal 150
  • Canada 32

Some states continued to vote for Canada, as withdrawal of candidacy is not binding and member states may vote for any state they please. However, the withdrawal was sufficient to ensure the election of Portugal by a two-thirds majority.

Reactions[edit]

Canada[edit]

Canadian Foreign Minister Lawrence Cannon acknowledged that foreign policy under the Conservative government had played a role in the loss – even as he said that policy is based on sound democratic and human rights principles. "We will not back down from our principles that form the basis of our great country, and we will continue to pursue them on the international stage," Cannon said. "Some would even say that, because of our attachment to those values, we lost a seat on the council. If that's the case, then so be it."[11] Blame was also shifted toward Liberal Party of Canada leader Michael Ignatieff for the defeat by the Conservative Party of Canada, though he rejected the blame as "ridiculous". "The blame game is a sign of a government that is unwilling to absorb the lessons of defeat." He, along with his foreign affairs critic Bob Rae, also said Prime Minister Stephen Harper had "paid the price" for a change in the foreign relations of Canada away from the traditional path of the Liberal and Progressive Conservative governments since the second half of the twentieth century. They cited Canada's tradition of peacekeeping missions, a balance in policies toward Israel and Palestine, aid and economic links with Africa and multilateral work on the environment and other global issues. One former diplomat said "We've suffered a loss that we haven't previously suffered in our foreign policy. It is a significant defeat for Canadian policy. We presented ourselves for a seat and the membership found us inadequate."[12]

In a December 2011 interview, Canada's new foreign affairs minister John Baird attributed the failure to win a seat to principled positions taken by Canada on certain international issues: “Maybe if we had shut up, and not talked about gay rights in Africa; maybe if we had shut up and been more quiet about our concerns about Sri Lanka; maybe if we hadn't been so vocally against the deplorable human rights record in Iran, maybe Iran might have voted for us.... But we didn't and I don't think we regret anything. Iran probably voted against us; North Korea probably voted against us; Gadhafi probably voted against us. I think those are all badges of honour.”[13]

India[edit]

India's envoy to the UN, Hardeep Singh Puri said "We have worked hard ... we have pushed for every single vote".[14]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Canada fears loss in UN Security Council race". CTV News. Retrieved 2011-01-01. 
  2. ^ "Turkey may in fact become a regional power through the UNSC". Panarmenian.Net. 2008-10-14. Retrieved 2010-08-21. 
  3. ^ "UN Security Council non-permanent seat 2011-12". Germanyandafrica.diplo.de. Retrieved 2010-08-21. 
  4. ^ "Germany - Germany's candidature for the UN Security Council 2011/12". Auswaertiges-amt.de. Retrieved 2010-08-21. [dead link]
  5. ^ "Canada going for UN Security Council seat". Canada.com. 2008-12-17. Retrieved 2010-08-21. 
  6. ^ "Missão Permanente de Portugal junto das Nações Unidas". Un.int. Retrieved 2010-08-21. 
  7. ^ Collins, Michelle (2009-03-04). "'Aggressive' Bid to Score Security Council Seat Underway | Embassy - Canada's Foreign Policy Newspaper". Embassymag.ca. Retrieved 2010-08-21. 
  8. ^ "CBC News - World - Tie Canada's bid for Security Council seat to water issue, Barlow urges". Cbc.ca. 2009-03-17. Retrieved 2010-08-21. 
  9. ^ http://globalmemo.org/2010/08/30/octobers-security-council-elections/
  10. ^ Lederer, Edith M. (2010-10-12). "Germany and Portugal win Security Council seats". Seattle Times Newspaper. Retrieved 2011-01-01. 
  11. ^ "Canada loses prestige UN spot despite written guarantees from voting nations". Vancouver Sun. 2010-10-12. Retrieved 2011-01-01. 
  12. ^ "Don't blame me for UN Security Council defeat: Ignatieff". Montreal Gazette. 2010-10-12. Retrieved 2011-01-01. 
  13. ^ "Baird says no new UN Security Council campaign". CTV. The Canadian Press. 2011-12-27. Retrieved 2011-12-27. 
  14. ^ "India elected to UNSC with thumping majority". Rediff.com India News. 2010-10-12. Retrieved 2011-01-01.