United Nations list of Non-Self-Governing Territories

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UN General Assembly
Resolution 66 (I)
UN General Assembly Resolution 66 (1).pdf
United Nations General Assembly Resolution A/RES/66 (I) dated 14 January 1946
Date 14 December 1946
Meeting no. Sixty fourth
Code A/RES/66(1) (Document)
Subject Information from Non-Self-Governing Territories transmitted under Article 73 e of the Charter relating reference to "territories whose peoples have not yet attained a full measure of self-government" reflects the growing sense of inevitability with which the political independence of these countries was coming to be viewed. Specifically, Article 73 requires countries administering those colonies "to develop self-government, to take due account of the political aspirations of the peoples, and to economic, sosial and educational conditions in the territories for which they are responsible, other than those to which Chapters XII and XIII apply.
Result Adopted
Map of territories on the United Nations list of Non-Self-Governing Territories as of 2012. (French Polynesia was added in 2013.)

The United Nations list of Non-Self-Governing Territories is a list of countries that, according to the United Nations, are colonized. The list was initially prepared in 1946 pursuant to Chapter XI of the United Nations Charter, and has been updated by the General Assembly on recommendation of the Special Committee on Decolonization and its predecessors. Only permanently inhabited territories are considered for inclusion in this list, excluding many remote atolls (e.g. Clipperton Island and Kingman Reef) and Southern Ocean territories (e.g. French Southern and Antarctic Lands and Heard Island and McDonald Islands).[1] The list contains 17 entries.[2][3]

History[edit]

United Nations General Assembly Resolution 66(I): List of Trust and Non-Self-Governing Territories Transmission of information under Article 73 e of the Charter of the United Nations (published in 2002)

The United Nations Charter contains a Declaration Concerning Non-Self-Governing Territories.[4] In Article 73e of the Charter, member States agree to report to the United Nations annually on the development of non-self-governing territories under their control. The initial List of Non-Self-Governing Territories was created by compiling lists of dependent territories submitted by the administering States themselves. In several instances, administering States were allowed to remove dependent territories from the list, either unilaterally (as in the case of many French overseas departments and territories), or by vote of the General Assembly (as in the cases of Puerto Rico, Greenland, the Netherlands Antilles, and Suriname).

The list draws its origins from the period of colonialism and the Charter's concept of non-self-governing territories. As an increasing number of formerly colonized countries became UN members, the General Assembly increasingly asserted its authority to place additional territories on the List and repeatedly declared that only the General Assembly had the authority to authorize a territory's being removed from the list upon attainment of any status other than full independence. For example, when Portugal joined the United Nations, it contended that it controlled no non-self-governing territories (because areas such as Angola and Mozambique were purported to be an integral part of the Portuguese state), but the General Assembly rejected this position. Similarly, Western Sahara was added in 1963 when it was a Spanish colony. The same can be said about the situation of Namibia (removed upon its independence in 1990), which was seen, due to its former status as a League of Nations mandate territory, a vestige of German colonial legacy in Africa. A set of criteria for determining whether a territory is to be considered "non-self-governing" was established in General Assembly Resolution 1541 (XV) of 1960.

Administering powers of Non-Self-Governing Territories:
  State currently in control of territories on the list
  State formerly in control of territories on the list
  Special case
[citation needed]

Also in 1960, the General Assembly adopted Resolution 1514 (XV), promulgating the "Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples", which declared that all remaining non-self-governing territories and trust territories were entitled to self-determination and independence. The following year, the General Assembly established the Special Committee on the Situation with Regard to the Implementation of the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples (sometimes referred to as the Special Committee on Decolonization, or the "Committee of 24" because for much of its history the committee was composed of 24 members), which reviews the situation in non-self-governing territories each year and reports to the General Assembly.

Resolutions adopted[edit]

1946[edit]

  • United Nations General Assembly Resolution 66(I) regarding Transmission of information under Article 73 e of the Charter.[5]

1947[edit]

  • United Nations General Assembly Resolution 142(II) regarding Standard form for the guidance of Members in the preparation of information to be transmitted under Article 73 e of the Charter.
  • United Nations General Assembly Resolution 143(II) regarding Supplemental documents relating to information transmitted under Article 73 e of the Charter.
  • United Nations General Assembly Resolution 144(II) regarding Voluntary transmission of information regarding the development of self-governing institutions in the Non-Self-Governing Territories.
  • United Nations General Assembly Resolution 145(II) regarding Collaboration of the specialized agencies in regard to Article 73 e of the Charter.
  • United Nations General Assembly Resolution 146(II) regarding Creation of a special committee on information transmitted under Article 73 e of the Charter.

1960[edit]

1961[edit]

1966[edit]

1990-2000[edit]

  • United Nations General Assembly Resolution A/RES/43/45 regarding Implementation of the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples.
  • United Nations General Assembly Resolution A/RES/43/46 regarding Dissemination of information on decolonization.
  • United Nations General Assembly Resolution A/RES/43/47 regarding International Decade for the Eradication of Colonialism.
  • United Nations General Assembly Resolution 43/47 regarding International Decade for the Eradication of Colonialism.

2001-2010[edit]

2011-2020[edit]

Criticism[edit]

The list remains controversial for various reasons.

Referendums[edit]

One reason for controversy is that the list includes some dependencies that have democratically chosen to maintain their current status, or have had referendums in which an insufficient percentage of the population vote for a change of status, or in some cases (such as United States Virgin Islands) simply had an insufficient number of voters participate.

Gibraltar is a prime example of resident desires to remain with the status quo. Gibraltar, a largely self-governing British territory on the tip of the Iberian Peninsula whose territory is claimed by Spain, has twice held a referendum to resolve its status. In the first referendum, held in 1967, the choices in the ballot were either to retain their current status or to become part of Spain. The status quo was favoured by 12,138 votes to 44. In the second referendum, held in 2002, a proposal for a joint Anglo-Spanish administration of the territory was proposed, and was voted down by 17,900 votes to 187 - the "no" vote accounting for more than 85% of Gibraltar's entire voting population.[8] Neither of the referendums, however, gained recognition from the UN.[why?] Moreover, the 1967 referendum was declared to be in contravention of previous UN resolutions.[9]

A lack of population and landmass is an issue for at least one territory included on the list: the British colony Pitcairn Islands. With a total population of 65 and a total area of 47 km2 (18.1 sq mi), it is too small to be realistically viable as an independent state.

The territory of Tokelau divides political opinion in New Zealand.[10] In response to attempts at decolonizing Tokelau, New Zealand journalist Michael Field wrote in 2004: "The UN [...] is anxious to rid the world of the last remaining vestiges of colonialism by the end of the decade. It has a list of 16 territories around the world, virtually none of which wants to be independent to any degree".[11] Field further notes that Patuki Isaako, who was head of Tokelau's government at the time of a UN seminar on decolonization in 2004, informed the United Nations that his country had no wish to be decolonized, and that Tokelauans had opposed the idea of decolonization ever since the first visit by UN officials in 1976.

In 2006, a UN-supervised referendum on decolonization was held in Tokelau, where 60.07% of voters supported the offer of self-government. However, the terms of the referendum required a two-thirds majority to vote in favor of self-government. A second referendum was held in 2007, in which 64.40% of Tokelauans supported self-government, falling short of the two-thirds majority by 16 votes. This led New Zealand politician and former diplomat John Hayes, on behalf of the National Party, to state that "Tokelau did the right thing to resist pressure from [the New Zealand government] and the United Nations to pursue self-government".[12] In May 2008, the United Nations' Secretary General Ban Ki-moon urged colonial powers "to complete the decolonization process in every one of the remaining 16 Non-Self-Governing Territories".[13] This led the New Zealand Herald to comment that the United Nations was "apparently frustrated by two failed attempts to get Tokelau to vote for independence from New Zealand".[14]

In March 2013, the autonomous government of the Falkland Islands organised a referendum as to whether the territory should remain a British Overseas Territory. With a 92% turnout, 99.8% of Falkland Islanders voted to maintain that status; only three islanders favoured changing it. The Falkland Islands nevertheless remain on the UN list, since the local population is not aboriginal but implanted.[15]

Completely autonomous dependencies[edit]

  Currently listed territories
  Formerly listed territories

Another criticism is that a number of the listed territories, such as Bermuda and Gibraltar, consider themselves completely autonomous and self-governing, with the "administering power" retaining limited oversight over matters such as defence and diplomacy.[citation needed] In past years, there were ongoing disputes between some administering powers and the Decolonization Committee over whether territories such as pre-independence Brunei and the West Indies Associated States should still be considered "non-self-governing", particularly in instances where the administering country was prepared to grant full independence whenever the territory requested it. These disputes became redundant as those territories eventually received full independence.

Removed under other circumstances[edit]

Territories that have achieved a status described by the administering countries as internally self-governing — such as Puerto Rico, the Netherlands Antilles, and the Cook Islands — have been removed from the list by vote of the General Assembly,[citation needed] often under pressure of the administering countries. In 1972, for example, Hong Kong (then administered by the United Kingdom) and Macau (then administered by Portugal) were removed from the list at the request of the People's Republic of China, which had just been recognized as holding China's seat at the United Nations.[16]

Some territories that have been annexed and incorporated into the legal framework of the controlling state (such as the overseas departments of France) are considered by the UN to have been decolonized, since they then no longer constitute "non-self-governing" entities; their populations are assumed to have agreed to merge with the former parent state. However, in 1961, the General Assembly voted to end this treatment for the then-"overseas provinces" of Portugal such as Angola and Mozambique, which were active foci of United Nations attention until they attained independence in the mid-1970s.

Change of status[edit]

United Nations General Assembly Resolution A/RES/67/265 of 17 May 2013 regarding Self-determination of French Polynesia

On December 2, 1986, New Caledonia, an overseas territory, was reinstated on the list of non-self-governing territories, an action that France protested. Within France it has had the status of a collectivité sui generis, or a one-of-a-kind community, since 1999. Under the 1998 Nouméa Accord, its Territorial Congress has the right to call for a referendum on independence after 2014.

French Polynesia was also reinstated on the list on 17 May 2013, in somewhat contentious circumstances. Having been re-elected President of French Polynesia in 2011 (the territory being largely self-governing), Temaru asked for it to be re-inscribed on the list; it had been removed in 1947. (French Polynesia is categorised by France as an overseas country, in recognition of its self-governing status.) On 5 May 2013, Temaru's Union for Democracy party lost the legislative election to Gaston Flosse's pro-autonomy but anti-independence Tahoera'a Huiraatira party. At this stage, the United Nations General Assembly was due to discuss French Polynesia's re-inscription on the list twelve days later, in accordance with a motion tabled by the Solomon Islands, Tuvalu and Nauru. On May 16, the Assembly of French Polynesia, with its new anti-independence majority, adopted a motion asking the United Nations not to restore the country to the list. On May 17, despite French Polynesia's opposition, and France's, the country was restored to the list of Non-Self-Governing Territories. Temaru was present for the vote, on the final day of his mandate as President. The United Nations affirmed "the inalienable right of the people of French Polynesia to self-determination and independence".[17][18]

List not complete[edit]

Also controversial are the criteria set down in 1960 to 1961 by the United Nations General Assembly Resolution 1514 (XV),[19] United Nations General Assembly Resolution 1541 (XV), Principle 12 of the Annex,[20] and United Nations General Assembly Resolution 1654 (XVI)[21] which only focused on colonies of the Western world, namely Australia, Belgium, Denmark, France, Italy, Netherlands, New Zealand, Portugal, South Africa, Spain, the United Kingdom, and the United States. This list of administering states was not expanded afterwards.[22]

Nevertheless, some of the 111 members who joined the UN after 1960 gained independence from countries not covered by Resolution 1541 and were themselves not classified as "Non-Self-Governing Territories" by the UN. Of these that joined the UN between 1960 and 2008, 11 were independent before 1960 and 71 were included on the list (some as a group). Twenty new UN countries resulted from breakup of Second World states: six were part of Yugoslavia, two were part of Czechoslovakia, and 12 were part of the Soviet Union (Ukraine and Belarus already had UN seats before the dissolution of the USSR, whose seat was reused by the Russian Federation without acceding anew). Out of the other nine,[which?] seven (mostly Arab) were colonies or protectorates of the "Western" countries, and one each was a non-self-governing part of Ethiopia and Pakistan.

Current entries[edit]

Location[2] Name[2] Administering state[2] Status Other claimants Population Area / km2 Area / mi2 See also
Africa   Western Saharaa See notea See notea  Morocco
 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic
393,831 266,000 102,700 Legal status of Western Sahara
Atlantic and Caribbean  Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha  United Kingdom Overseas territory None 7,601 413 159.5 Politics of Saint Helena
Atlantic and Caribbean  Bermuda  United Kingdom Overseas territory None 67,837 53.3 20.6 Politics of Bermuda
Atlantic and Caribbean  Falkland Islands[23]  United Kingdom Overseas territory  Argentina 3,140 12,200 4,700 Sovereignty of the Falkland Islands
Atlantic and Caribbean  Anguilla  United Kingdom Overseas territory None 14,108 102 39.4 Politics of Anguilla
Atlantic and Caribbean  British Virgin Islands  United Kingdom Overseas territory None 24,041 153 59.1 Politics of the British Virgin Islands
Atlantic and Caribbean  Cayman Islands  United Kingdom Overseas territory None 47,862 262 101.2 Foreign relations of the Cayman Islands
Atlantic and Caribbean  Montserrat  United Kingdom Overseas territory None 5,079 102 39.4 Government of Montserrat
Atlantic and Caribbean  Turks and Caicos Islands  United Kingdom Overseas territory None 22,352 430 166.0 Politics of the Turks and Caicos Islands
Atlantic and Caribbean  United States Virgin Islands  United States Unincorporated organized territory None 109,840 346.36 133.730 Politics of the United States Virgin Islands
Europe  Gibraltar  United Kingdom Overseas territory  Spain 28,002 6.5 2.5 Disputed status of Gibraltar
Asia and Pacific  American Samoa  United States Unincorporated unorganized territory None 64,827 199 76.8 Politics of American Samoa
Asia and Pacific  French Polynesiab [3]  France Overseas collectivity None 267,000 4,167 1,609 Politics of French Polynesia
Asia and Pacific  Guam  United States Unincorporated organized territory None 175,877 541.3 209.0 Politics of Guam
Asia and Pacific  New Caledonia  France Sui Generis Collectivity None 224,824 19,060 7,359 Politics of New Caledonia
Asia and Pacific  Pitcairn Islands  United Kingdom Overseas territory None 50 47 18.1 Politics of the Pitcairn Islands
Asia and Pacific  Tokelau  New Zealand Territory None 1,433 10 3.9 Politics of Tokelau

^a Formerly the Spanish Sahara up to 1976, disputed[24] between Morocco, who controls 80% of the territory and administers it as an integral part of its national territory, and the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, who controls the remaining 20% as the "Liberated territories". The UN however still considers Spain as administrating country of the whole territory,[25] awaiting the outcome of the ongoing Manhasset negotiations and resulting election to be overseen by the United Nations Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara.
^b On 18 May 2013, the United Nations General Assembly voted to place French Polynesia back on the UN list of territories that should be decolonized.[26]

Former entries[edit]

The following territories were originally listed by UN General Assembly Resolution 66 (I) of 14 December 1946 as Trust and Non-Self-Governing Territory. The dates show the year of independence or other change in a territory's status,[27] after which information was no longer submitted to the United Nations.[28]

Changed due to a status other than independence[edit]

Continent Name[28] Status[28] Current status Administering state[28] Population Area / km2 Area / mi2 Year of removal[28] See also
Africa Spain Ifni Change in Status (Integrated into Morocco) Sidi Ifni Province, Souss-Massa-Drâa region, Morocco  Spain 51,517 1,502 580 1969 Politics of Morocco
Africa Portugal São João Batista de Ajuda Change in Status (Integrated into Benin) Ouidah commune, Atlantique department, Benin  Portugal 1961 Politics of Benin
North America  Greenland Change in Status Gained home rule, Country within the Kingdom of Denmark[29][30]  Denmark 57,564 2,166,086 836,330.5 1954 Politics of Greenland
Asia France French Establishments in India Change in Status (Annexed by India) Puducherry union territory and part of West Bengal state of India  France 973,829 492 190.0 1947 Puducherry Legislative Assembly
Asia Portugal State of India (commonly known as 'Portuguese India') Change in Status (Annexed by India) The Indian state of Goa and union territories of Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu  Portugal 1961
Asia  Hong Kong Change in Status (Removed from the list on request of China)[16]  Hong Kong (a Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China) (since 1 July 1997)  United Kingdom 7,018,636 1,092 421.6 1972 Politics of Hong Kong
Asia  Macau Change in Status (Removed from the list on request of China)[16]  Macau (a Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China) (since 20 December 1999)  Portugal 545,674 28.2 10.89 1972 Politics of Macau
North America  Saint Pierre and Miquelon Change in Status Overseas collectivity of France  France 7,044 242 93.4 1947 Politics of Saint Pierre and Miquelon
North America  Guadeloupe and Dependencies Change in Status Overseas department of Guadeloupe and overseas collectivities of Saint-Barthelemy and Saint-Martin, France  France 408,000 1,628 628.6 1947 Politics of Guadeloupe
North America  Martinique Change in Status Overseas department of France  France 401,000 1,128 435.5 1947 Politics of Martinique
North/South America  Netherlands Antilles Change in Status Aruba, Curaçao and Sint Maarten are constituent countries of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, the other remaining islands are special municipalities of the Netherlands.  Netherlands 225,369 960 371 1951 Politics of the Netherlands Antilles
North America  Puerto Rico Change in Status Became an Unincorporated organized territory of the United States  United States 3,958,128 8,870 3,420 1952 Political status of Puerto Rico
Asia  Cocos (Keeling) Islands Change in Status Gained self-rule, External territory of Australia  Australia 596 14 5.4 1984 Shire of Cocos
Africa  Réunion Change in Status Overseas department of France  France 793,000 2,512 969.9 1947 Politics of Réunion
North America  Alaska Change in Status A state of the United States of America  United States 683,478 1,700,130. 656,424 1959 Legal status of Alaska
North America  Panama Canal Zone Change in Status (Removed from the list on request of Panama)[citation needed] Part of Colón and Panamá provinces of Panama  United States 1947 Politics of Panama
Oceania  Cook Islands Change in Status Gained self-rule, Free association with New Zealand  New Zealand 12,271 236.7 93.39 1965 Politics of the Cook Islands
Oceania French Polynesia French Establishments in Oceania
(French Polynesia)[a]
Change in Status French Polynesia and Wallis and Futuna overseas collectivities of France  France 298,256 4,441 1,714.7 1947 Politics of French Polynesia and Wallis and Futuna
Oceania  Hawaii Change in Status A state of the United States of America  United States 1,283,388 28,311 10,930.9 1959 Legal status of Hawaii
Oceania  Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands Change in Status  Marshall Islands, an independent state in free association with the United States  United States 68,000 180 70 1990
Change in Status  Federated States of Micronesia, an independent state in free association with the United States  United States 111,000 702 271 1990
Change in Status  Northern Mariana Islands, an Unincorporated organized commonwealth of the United States  United States 53,883 168 68.3 1990
Change in Status  Palau, an independent state in free association with the United States  United States 20,956 459 177 1994 Politics of Palau
Oceania  New Caledonia and Dependencies[b] Change in Status Special Collectivity of France  France 224,824 19,060 7,359 1947 Politics of New Caledonia
Oceania  Niue Island Change in Status Free association with New Zealand  New Zealand 1,444 260 100.4 1974 Politics of Niue
South America  French Guiana Change in Status Overseas department of France, French Republic  France 209,000 83,534 32,253 1947 Politics of French Guiana

Territories that joined another state[edit]

Continent Non-Self-Governing Territory[28] Status[28] Current status Administering state Population Area / km2 Area / mi2 Year of removal[28] See also
Africa Cameroons Trust Territory Northern Cameroons joined with Nigeria

Southern Cameroons joined with Cameroon
Adamawa and Taraba states of Nigeria, Northwest and Southwest provinces of Cameroon  United Kingdom 1961 Politics of Nigeria
Politics of Cameroon
Africa Gold Coast (British colony) British Togoland Trust Territory Joined British Gold Coast to form Ghana Volta, Northern and Upper East Region of Ghana  United Kingdom 1957 Foreign relations of Ghana
Asia Netherlands New Guinea Anexed by Indonesia as Irian Jaya Papua and West Papua provinces of Indonesia  Netherlands 420,540 162,371 1963 Act of Free Choice
Asia Sarawak Change in Status (Joined Malaya to form Malaysia)[31][32] Malaysian state of Sarawak  United Kingdom 124,450 48,050 1963
Asia North Borneo Change in Status (Joined Malaya to form Malaysia)[31][32] Malaysian state of Sabah and the federal territory of Labuan.  United Kingdom 285,000 76,115 29,388 1963

Territories that have become independent[edit]

Continent Non-Self-Governing Territory[28] Status
(Independent as)[28]
Administering state Population Area / km2 Area / mi2 Year of removal[28] See also
Asia  Aden Colony and Protectorate  South Yemen (now part of Yemen)  United Kingdom 285,192 111,013 1967
Asia  French Indochina North Vietnam Vietnam Vietnam  France 1945
Laos Laos  France 1949
Cambodia Cambodia  France 1953
Africa Portugal Portuguese Angola including the enclave of Cabinda Angola Angola  Portugal 1,246,700 481,354 1975
Africa Basutoland  Lesotho  United Kingdom 30,355 12,727 1966
Africa United Kingdom Bechuanaland Protectorate  Botswana  United Kingdom 1966
Africa  Belgian Congo Democratic Republic of the Congo Congo Léopoldville  Belgium 16,610,000[33] 2,344,858 905,355 1960
Africa  British Somaliland British Somaliland State of Somaliland (Joined Somalia within a week.)  United Kingdom 1960 The unrecognised Somaliland claims succession to British Somaliland.
Africa Spain Fernando Póo and Río Muni  Equatorial Guinea  Spain 28,051 10,828 1968
Africa Cameroon Cameroons Trust Territory  Cameroon  France 1960
Africa Togo French Togoland Trust Territory  Togo  France 1960
Africa  Gambia  The Gambia  United Kingdom 10,380 4,007 1965
Africa  Gold Coast Colony and Protectorate  Ghana  United Kingdom 1957
Africa France French Equatorial Africa French Chad  Chad  France 1960
French Gabon  Gabon  France 1960
Middle Congo  Congo (Brazzaville)  France 1960
Ubangi Shari  Central African Republic  France 1960
Africa Kingdom of Italy Italian Somaliland Trust Territory  Somalia  Italy 1960
Africa Kenya Colony and Protectorate of Kenya  Kenya  United Kingdom 1963
Africa Morocco French protectorate of Morocco  Morocco  France 1956
Africa Portugal Portuguese Mozambique  Mozambique  Portugal 7,300,000[34] 784,955 303,073 1975
Africa Nigeria British Nigeria  Nigeria  United Kingdom 1960
Africa  Northern Rhodesia  Zambia  United Kingdom 3,545,200[35] 752,618 290,587 1964
Africa  Nyasaland  Malawi  United Kingdom 752,618 290,587 1964
Africa Portuguese Guinea  Guinea-Bissau  Portugal 36,125 13,948 1974
Africa Belgium Ruanda-Urundi Trust Territory  Rwanda
 Burundi
 Belgium 1962
Africa Portugal São Tomé and Príncipe  São Tomé and Príncipe  Portugal 1,001 372 1975
Africa   Sierra Leone  Sierra Leone  United Kingdom 71,740 27,69 1961
Africa France French Somaliland  Djibouti  France 200,000[36] 23,200 8,958 1977
Africa  Southern Rhodesia  Zimbabwe  United Kingdom 6,930,000[37] 390,580 150,804 1980
Africa   Swaziland  Swaziland  United Kingdom 17,364 6,70 1968
Africa  Tanganyika Trust Territory  United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar  United Kingdom 1963
Africa French Tunisia  Tunisia  France 163,610 63,170 1956
Africa Uganda Uganda Protectorate  Uganda  United Kingdom 1962
Africa France French West Africa France French Dahomey  Dahomey  France 1960 Now  Benin
France French Guinea  Guinea  France 1958
 French Sudan  Mali  France 1960
 Ivory Coast  France 1960
 Mauritania  France 1960
France Niger colony  Upper Volta  France 1960 Now  Burkina Faso
 Niger  France 1960
 Senegal  France 1960
Africa South Africa South West Africa  Namibia  South Africa 2,088,669 825,418 318,696 1966

1990
Foreign relations of Namibia
Africa  Zanzibar  United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar  United Kingdom 2,643 1,020.5 1963
Atlantic Ocean  Bahamas  The Bahamas  United Kingdom 13,878 5,358 1973
Atlantic Ocean Portugal Cape Verde Archipelago  Cape Verde  Portugal 4,033 1,557 1975
Europe  Protectorate of Cyprus  Cyprus  United Kingdom 9,251 3,572 1960
Europe  Crown Colony of Malta  Malta  United Kingdom 316 121 1964
Caribbean  Barbados  Barbados  United Kingdom 431 167 1966
Caribbean British Leeward Islands Antigua  Antigua and Barbuda  United Kingdom 1981
 Saint Christopher-Nevis-Anguilla  St. Kitts and Nevis
(separated from Anguilla, which is still a non-self-governing territory)
 United Kingdom 1983
Caribbean  Jamaica  Jamaica  United Kingdom 11,100 4,444 1962
Caribbean  Trinidad and Tobago  Trinidad and Tobago  United Kingdom 5,128 1,978 1962
Caribbean British Windward Islands Dominica  Dominica  United Kingdom 1978
Grenada  Grenada  United Kingdom 1974
St. Lucia  St. Lucia  United Kingdom 1979
St. Vincent  St. Vincent and the Grenadines  United Kingdom 1979
North America  British Honduras  Belize  United Kingdom 145,000[38] 22,966 8,867 1981
Indian Ocean Portugal East Timor  East Timor  Portugal ( –1975)
 Indonesia (1975–1999)
 UN (1999–2002)
688,711[39] 15,007 5,794.2 2002 Politics of East Timor
Indian Ocean  Madagascar and Dependencies  Madagascar  France 1960
 Comoros  France 1975
Indian Ocean  Mauritius  Mauritius  United Kingdom 2,040 787 1968
Indian Ocean Netherlands Netherlands Indies  Indonesia  Netherlands 1949
Indian Ocean  Seychelles  Seychelles  United Kingdom 451 174 1976
Asia  Brunei  Brunei Darussalam  United Kingdom 5,765 2,226 1984
Asia Malaysia Malayan Union  Federation of Malaya (Later became Malaysia)[31][32]  United Kingdom 132,364 51,106 1957
Asia Singapore Singapore  Singaporeb [32]  United Kingdom 4,608,167 692.7 267.5 1965b Foreign relations of Singapore
Pacific Ocean Trust Territory of New Guinea  Papua New Guinea  Australia 1975
Pacific Ocean Fiji Fiji Islands  Fiji  United Kingdom 1970
Pacific Ocean  Gilbert and Ellice Islands  Kiribati  United Kingdom 1979
 Tuvalu  United Kingdom 1978
Pacific Ocean  Nauru Trust Territory  Nauru  Australia 21 8.1 1968
Pacific Ocean United KingdomFrance New Hebrides  Vanuatu United KingdomFrance Anglo-French Condominium 100,000[40] 12,189 4,706 1980
Pacific Ocean Territory of Papua  Papua New Guinea  Australia 1975
Pacific Ocean  Solomon Islands Protectorate  Solomon Islands  United Kingdom 28,896 11,157 1978
Pacific Ocean  Western Samoa Trust Territory  Western Samoa  New Zealand 1962
South America  Surinam  Suriname  Netherlands 475,996 163,270 63,038.9 1951 Politics of Suriname
South America  British Guiana  Guyana  United Kingdom 1966

^b Singapore briefly joined Malaysia as a state in 1963 before becoming independent in 1965.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ United Nations Trusteeship Council
  2. ^ a b c d Non-Self-Governing Territories listed by General Assembly of the United Nations
  3. ^ a b http://www.rnzi.com/pages/news.php?op=read&id=76118
  4. ^ "The Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples". United Nations Treaty Collection. Retrieved 18 October 2011. 
  5. ^ United Nations General Assembly Resolution 66(I)
  6. ^ UN Treaty Collection: International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
  7. ^ UN Treaty Collection: International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
  8. ^ "Q&A: Gibraltar's referendum". BBC News. 8 November 2002. Retrieved 25 November 2011. 
  9. ^ "Resolution 2353". UN. 19 December 1967. Retrieved 28 September 2012. 
  10. ^ see http://www.radionz.co.nz/news/election-2011/policies/7
  11. ^ "Tokelau wonders 'What have we done wrong?'", Michael Field, AFP, June 2, 2004
  12. ^ "Congratulations Tokelau", National Party press release, October 26, 2007
  13. ^ "Colonialism has no place in today's world," says Secretary General in message to Decolonization Seminar in Indonesia", United Nations press release, May 14, 2008
  14. ^ "Tokelau decolonisation high on agenda". The New Zealand Herald. NZPA. 17 May 2008. Retrieved 25 November 2011. 
  15. ^ "Falklands referendum: Voters choose to remain UK territory", BBC News, 12 March 2013
  16. ^ a b c Liu, Xiaomei; Bin, Han. "The Basic Laws of HK and Macao SARs aren’t Subnational Constitutions in China". Institute of Law, China. Retrieved 24 February 2013. 
  17. ^ "Tahiti assembly votes against UN decolonisation bid", Radio New Zealand International, 17 May 2013
  18. ^ « L'ONU adopte une résolution sur la décolonisation de la Polynésie française », Le Monde, 17 May 2013
  19. ^ General Assembly Resolution 1514 (XV) adopted by United Nations General Assembly
  20. ^ General Assembly Resolution 1541 (XV) adopted by United Nations General Assembly on the reports of the Sixth Committee
  21. ^ General Assembly Resolution 1654 (XVI) adopted by United Nations General Assembly
  22. ^ United Nations Trusteeship Agreements or were listed by the General Assembly as Non-Self-Governing
  23. ^ Nomenclature of the Falkland Islands (Malvinas)
  24. ^ CIA's The World Factbook entry for Western Sahara: "Western Sahara is a disputed territory on the northwest coast of Africa bordered by Morocco, Mauritania, and Algeria. After Spain withdrew from its former colony of Spanish Sahara in 1976, Morocco annexed the northern two-thirds of Western Sahara and claimed the rest of the territory in 1979, following Mauritania's withdrawal"
  25. ^ UN General Assembly Resolution 34/37 and UN General Assembly Resolution 35/19
  26. ^ General Assembly adds French Polynesia to UN decolonization list
  27. ^ United Nations General Assembly Resolution 66 (I)
  28. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Trust and Non-Self-Governing Territories (1945-2002) listed by General Assembly of the United Nations
  29. ^ Infobox image in "History" section of "About Greenland", English version of the official country government website. Accessed online 2008-09-28, Sunday.
  30. ^ http://jurist.law.pitt.edu/paperchase/2009/06/greenland-takes-over-courts-police.php
  31. ^ a b c See: The UK Statute Law Database: the Acts of the Parliament of the United Kingdom Malaysia Act 1963
  32. ^ a b c d Trust and Non-Self-Governing Territories (1945-1999) listed by General Assembly of the United Nations.
  33. ^ 1960 estimate
  34. ^ 1967 estimate
  35. ^ 1963 estimate, see: Northern Rhodesia#Demographics
  36. ^ 1963 estimate
  37. ^ 1978 estimate
  38. ^ 1980 estimate, see: British Honduras#Demographics
  39. ^ 1974 estimate, see: Indonesian occupation of East Timor#Number of deaths
  40. ^ 1976 estimate

External links[edit]