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|Industry||Entertainment (movie theatres)|
|Fate||Bought out by Cineplex Odeon Cinemas|
|Headquarters||New York City, New York|
|Adolph Zukor, founder|
The chain was originally the theater division of Paramount Pictures, incorporating a number of theater circuits acquired by Paramount, notably Balaban and Katz. Paramount was required to divest the theater chain as a result of the U.S. Supreme Court decision in the case United States v. Paramount Pictures, Inc. (1948).
On December 31, 1949, the theater business was spun off into an independent company called United Paramount Theatres, headed by Leonard Goldenson. In 1953, UPT purchased the American Broadcasting Company, providing ABC's television network with a source of cash flow that enabled it to survive and eventually become competitive. The merged company was named American Broadcasting-Paramount Theatres. In 1965, the corporation was renamed American Broadcasting Companies, Inc., and the theater chain was renamed ABC Theatres. In 1974 ABC sold its movie theaters in the Midwest (a division called ABC Great States created in 1968) to one of its executives, Henry Plitt, doing business as Plitt Theatres. Plitt subsequently bought the ABC Southern theater operations in 1978. In 1985, Plitt Theaters was sold to Cineplex Odeon Cinemas.
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