United Provinces of Central Italy
|United Provinces of Central Italy|
|Province Unite del Centroitalia|
|Client state of the Kingdom of Sardinia|
The United Provinces of Central Italy (green).
|Political structure||Client state|
|Governor General||Carlo Boncompagni|
|-||Revolution||December 8, 1859|
|-||Annexation||March 22, 1860|
The United Provinces of Central Italy, also known as Union of Central Italy, Confederation of Central Italy or Government General of Central Italy, was a short-lived client state of the Kingdom of Piedmont-Sardinia. It was formed by a union of the former Grand Duchy of Tuscany, Duchy of Parma, Duchy of Modena, and the Papal Legations, after their monarchs were ousted by popular revolutions.
Since August 1859, the pro-Sardinian regimes of Tuscany, Parma, Modena and the Papal Legations entered into a group of military treaties. On 7 November 1859, they elected Eugenio Emanuele di Savoia-Carignano as their regent. However, King Victor Emmanuel II of Sardinia refused to endorse the election, and sent Carlo Bon Compagni instead as the Governor General of Central Italy, who was responsible for the diplomatic and military affairs of the states.
On 8 December 1859, Parma, Modena and the Papal Legations were incorporated into the Royal Provinces of Emilia. After plebiscites were held in March 1860, the state was formally annexed to the Piedmont-Sardinia.
- Italian Unification
- Grand Duchy of Tuscany
- Duchy of Parma
- Duchy of Modena and Reggio
- Victor Emmanuel II, King of Sardinia
- List of historical states of Italy
- Former countries in Europe after 1815
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