United Socialist Party of Venezuela
||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the Spanish Wikipedia. (April 2014)|
|United Socialist Party of Venezuela
Partido Socialista Unido de Venezuela
|Founded||24 March 2007|
|Youth wing||United Socialist Party of Venezuela Youth|
|Ideology||Socialism of the 21st century
|National affiliation||Great Patriotic Pole|
|International affiliation||São Paulo Forum
|Seats in the Latin American Parliament|
|Seats in the National Assembly|
|Governors of States of Venezuela|
|Politics of Venezuela
The United Socialist Party of Venezuela (Spanish: Partido Socialista Unido de Venezuela, PSUV) is a socialist political party in Venezuela which resulted from the fusion of some of the political and social forces that support the Bolivarian Revolution led by the late President Hugo Chávez. It is the largest left-wing party in the Western Hemisphere. It has approximately 5.7 million members as of 2007. PSUV held primary elections on 2 May 2010 for candidates to the National Assembly election in September, with 2,568,090 members voting.
The process of merging most of the unidentified parties involved in the pro-Bolivarian Revolution coalition was initiated by Venezuelan president Hugo Chávez after he won the Venezuelan presidential election of 2006. The process was led by Chávez' own party, the Fifth Republic Movement, and was supported by a range of smaller parties such as the People's Electoral Movement (MEP), Venezuelan Popular Unity (UPV), the Tupamaro Movement, the Socialist League and others  which all together added up 45.99% of the votes received by Chávez during the 2006 election. Other pro-Bolivarian parties like the Communist Party of Venezuela (Partido Comunista de Venezuela, PCV), Fatherland for All (Patria Para Todos, PPT) and For Social Democracy (PODEMOS), that cast 14.60% of the votes from that election, declined to join the new party.
On 7 March 2007, Chávez presented a phased plan for founding the new party until November 2007. PODEMOS, PPT and PCV initially stated they would wait until PSUV had been founded and decide their membership in the new party based on its program. On 18 March 2007, Chávez declared on his programme Aló Presidente that he had "opened the doors for Podemos, Patria Para Todos, and the Communist Party of Venezuela if they want to go away from Chávez´s alliance, they may do so and leave us in peace". In his opinion, those parties were near to be on the opposition and they should choose wisely, between going "in silence, hugging us or throwing stones". PPT, at its 2007 congress on April 10 and 11, decided not to join but re-affirmed its support for Chávez and the Bolivarian Revolution.
|Parties joining PSUV||Parties not joining PSUV|
|Fifth Republic Movement (MVR)||For Social Democracy (PODEMOS)|
|People's Electoral Movement (MEP)||Fatherland for All (PPT)|
|Everybody Wins Independent Movement (MIGATO)||Communist Party of Venezuela (PCV)|
|Venezuelan Popular Unity (UPV)||Revolutionary Middle Class (CMR)|
|Revolutionary Movement Tupamaro (MRT)||Emergent People (GE)|
|Socialist League (LS)||Action Networks of Communitary Change (REDES)|
|Movement for Direct Democracy (MDD)||Communitary Patriotic Unity (UPC)|
|Union Party||New People Concentration Movement (MCGN)|
|Militant Civic Movement (MCM)||Active Democracy National Organization (ONDA)|
|Action Force of Base Coordination (FACOBA)||National Independent Movement (MNI)|
|Independents for the National Community (IPCN)||Labor Power (PL)|
|Venezuelan Revolutionary Currents (CRV)|
The party held its founding congress in early 2008, from 12 January to 2 March, with 1681 delegates participating. Chávez was proclaimed President of the new party on 14 March. Many revolutionary leftists joined the PSUV and participated enthusiastically and vigorously in its struggles.
Chávez said that "It's a very young party" with an average age of 35 among members. Analysts agreed, saying: "The assumption is that the younger people are going to be Bolivarians [in support of Chávez], they are going to be the ones whose families have benefited from Chávez's social programs."
With the creation of PSUV, relationships greatly soured with former coalition parties that chose not to join. By the 2008 regional election campaign in October, Chávez declared that "Patria Para Todos and the Communist Party of Venezuela will disappear from the political map because they are liars and manipulators."
In April 2010, an Extraordinary Congress of the PSUV resulted in the endorsement of a range of "general principles", including among others socialism, Marxism, and Bolivarianism; humanism, some ideas of Leninism, internationalism, and patriotism; and the defense of Popular democracy and use of internal party democracy. It also defined the party as the "political vanguard of the revolutionary process".
- Adán Chávez
- Alí Rodríguez Araque
- Ana Elisa Osorio
- Antonia Muñoz
- Aristóbulo Istúriz
- Carlos Escarrá
- Darío Vivas
- Cilia Flores
- Elías Jaua
- Érika Farías
- Freddy Bernal
- Héctor Navarro
- Héctor Rodríguez
- Jacqueline Faría
- Jorge Rodríguez
- Luis Reyes Reyes
- María Cristina Iglesias
- María León
- Mario Silva
- Nicolás Maduro
- Nohelí Pocaterra
- Rafael Ramírez
- Ramón Rodríguez Chacín
- Rodrigo Cabezas
- Tarek El Aissami
- Vanessa Davies
- Willian Lara
- Yelitza Santaella
|Election year||Name||First Round||Second Round|
| % of
| % of
|2012||Hugo Chávez||8,191,132||55.07 (#1)|
|Major party in "Great Patriotic Pole".|
|2013||Nicolás Maduro||7,587,579||50.6 (#1)|
|Major party in "Great Patriotic Pole".|
Parliament (National Assembly)
|Election year||# of
| % of
overall seats won
- Bloomberg, 11 October 2007, Venezuela May Lower Voting Age, Add Gay Rights in Constitution
- [dead link]
- Greg Morsbach (December 19, 2006). "Venezuela head seeks party merger". bbc. Retrieved October 16, 2013.
- "Presidential Election December 3, 2006" (in Spanish). National Electoral Council of Venezuela. Retrieved October 16, 2013.
- http://www.tribuna-popular.org/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=698&Itemid=1[dead link]
- (Spanish) El Universal, 5 March 2007, José Albornoz: El PPT no se disolverá
- http://www.diarioeltiempo.com.ve/secciones/secciones.php?num=97234&codigo=nnac&llve=dos[dead link]
- Chris Carlson (March 7, 2007). "Chavez Presents Plan for Socialist Unity Party of Venezuela". www.venezuelanalysis.com. Retrieved October 16, 2013.
- Gregory Wilpert (5 March 2007). "Chavez Allies Delay Decision on Merging with New Venezuelan Socialist Party". www.Venezuelanalysis.com. Retrieved October 16, 2013.
- (Spanish) El Universal, 19 March 2007, "Los que se quieran ir, váyanse, pero escojan bien cómo irse"
- http://www.ppt.org.ve/20070411.php[dead link]
- MEP aceptó propuesta de Partido Socialista Unido de Venezuela
- UPV se disuelve para formar parte del Partido Socialista Único de Venezuela
- El Tiempo - El Periódico del Pueblo Oriental
- Liga Socialista se adhiere al PSUV
- MDD apoya el llamado a conformar el PSUV
- PSUV: Partido Unión se disuelve para incorporarse al PSUV
- PSUV: Propuestas del Movimiento Cívico Militante (MCM) sobre el Partido Único y el Socialismo del Siglo XXI
- PSUV: Partido Independientes por la Comunidad se incorpora al PSUV
- Kiraz Janicke; Federico Fuentes (14 January 2008). "Chavez Inaugurates Founding Congress of New Socialist Party of Venezuela". Venezuelanalysis.com. Retrieved 17 January 2009.
- PSUV, Somos un faro para América Latina y el Mundo, accessed 12 May 2011
- (Spanish) Radio Mundial, 11 October 2008, "Chávez: PPT y PCV desaparecerán del mapa político por "mentirosos y manipuladores"
- PSUV, June 2010, Libro Rojo, pp45-6