United Socialists (Italy)
The party, which was launched at a convention in Rome on 10 October 2009, will emerge as the merger of The Italian Socialists, the faction of the Socialist Party (PS) around Craxi (who was the founder of The Italian Socialists in 2005) and possibly some other figures from the late Italian Socialist Party. Craxi had earlier left the PS because he did not agree with its merger into Left Ecology Freedom (SEL). However, in November, the PS refused to merge into SEL too. Subsequently Craxi renewed his party membership.
In 2012 the party is merged in the Italian Reformists.