United States Air Force Judge Advocate General's Corps
The United States Air Force became a separate military service in September 1947. On 25 June 1948, the Congress established an office of The Judge Advocate General (TJAG) in the United States Air Force. On 8 July 1949, the Air Force Chief of Staff designated 205 attorneys Air Force Judge Advocates. Thus, ironically, there were Air Force Judge Advocates three months before there was an Air Force Judge Advocate General. Following the promulgation of enabling legislation, the Air Force Judge Advocate General's Department was established on January 25, 1949 by Department of the Air Force General Order No. 7 (as amended by General Order No. 17, 15 May 1949). While this event was clearly the birth of the Department, it really represented an interim step, providing the Air Force authority to administer its military justice system within the existing Air Force structure of the time until other legislation (what became the Uniform Code of Military Justice) could be developed and enacted. The department was originally a part of the Air Force Personnel Branch, but became a separate entity reporting directly to the Air Force Chief of Staff in February 1950. The first Air Force judge advocate general, Major General Reginald C. Harmon, believed it important for Air Force JAGs to remain a part of a functionally interconnected military department. For that reason, the concept of a separate corps was discarded in favor of the department that existed until 2003.
In 2003, the Judge Advocate General's Department was renamed to the Judge Advocate General's Corps by order of the Secretary of the Air Force, Dr. James G. Roche. In December 2004, the Air Force Judge Advocate General, Thomas J. Fiscus, accepted non-judicial punishment under Article 15 of the UCMJ, for conduct unbecoming of an officer and obstruction of justice related to numerous unprofessional sexual relationships with subordinates. Upon his retirement, Fiscus was reduced two grades, to colonel. Major General Jack Rives, the Deputy Judge Advocate General, became the Air Force Judge Advocate General as of February 2006. On 23 July 2008, General Rives was confirmed as a Lieutenant General, becoming the first TJAG to hold that rank.
On 15 December 2009, the President nominated Brigadier General Richard C. Harding to serve as the 16th Judge Advocate General. On 2 February 2010, the Senate Armed Services Committee endorsed the nomination and the Senate voted to confirm the nomination. Lieutenant General Rives retired on 5 February 2010, accepting the position of Executive Director and Chief Operating Officer of the American Bar Association, and now-Lieutenant General Richard Harding became The 16th Judge Advocate General of the Air Force. His formal investiture and promotion ceremony occurred on 23 February 2010.
The Air Force Judge Advocate General's School was founded in 1950 and has been located in the William Louis Dickinson Law Center, at Maxwell Air Force Base in Montgomery, Alabama since 1993. The school provides instruction to new judge advocates and paralegals, in addition to offering approximately 30 continuing legal education courses. The School publishes scholarly legal journals such as The Air Force Law Review, semiannually and The Reporter, quarterly. The School also produces The Military Commander and the Law, a publication that is invaluable not only to judge advocates, but commanders and first sergeants in handling the myriad of legal issues that arise with a squadron or wing, and for the continued enforcement of good order and discipline.
Judge Advocates General of the Air Force
- Major General Reginald C. Harmon (1948–1960)
- Major General Albert M. Kuhfeld (1960–1964)
- Major General Robert W. Manss (1964–1969)
- Major General James S. Cheney (1970–1973)
- Major General Harold R. Vague (1973–1977)
- Major General Walter D. Reed (1977–1980)
- Major General Thomas B. Bruton (1980–1985)
- Major General Robert W. Norris (1985–1988)
- Major General Keithe E. Nelson (1988–1991)
- Major General David C. Morehouse (1991–1993)
- Major General Nolan Sklute (1993–1996)
- Major General Bryan G. Hawley (1996–1999)
- Major General William A. Moorman (1999–2002)
- Major General Thomas J. Fiscus (2002–2004); served as major general, retired as colonel
- Major General Jack L. Rives (2004-2006); performed the duties of TJAG
- Major General/Lieutenant General Jack L. Rives (2006–2010)
- Lieutenant General Richard C. Harding (February 2010–present)
- General Counsel of the Air Force
- Air Force Office of Special Investigations
- Air Force Court of Criminal Appeals
- U.S. Army Judge Advocate General's Corps
- U.S. Navy Judge Advocate General's Corps
- U.S. Marine Corps Judge Advocate Division
- U.S. Coast Guard Legal Division
- Judge Advocate General's Corps
- Judge Advocate General (disambiguation)
- Military justice
- United Kingdom
- Recent editions of the Air Force Law Review and the Reporter
- The Military Commander & the Law
- "Lt. Gen. Harding Biography". Archived from the original on 2012-07-18.