USAF Weapons School

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
USAF Weapons School
433d Weapons Squadron - Lockheed Martin F-22A Raptor - 99-0011.jpg
F-22A Raptor assigned the USAF Weapons School's 433d Weapons Squadron
Active 30 December 1965 – present
Country  United States
Branch  United States Air Force
Type Training School
Part of Air Combat Command
Garrison/HQ Nellis Air Force Base
Decorations US Air Force Outstanding Unit Award - Stremer.jpg
Air Force Outstanding Unit Award
AFOEA Streamer.JPG
Air Force Organizational Excellence Award
Insignia
USAF Weapons School Emblem (no official emblem ever authorized) USAF Weapons School - Emblem.png

The USAF Weapons School is a unit of the United States Air Force, assigned to the 57th Wing. It is stationed at Nellis AFB, Nevada.

Mission[edit]

The mission of the USAF Weapons School is to teach graduate-level instructor courses, which provide advanced training in weapons and tactics employment to officers of the combat air forces. The USAF Weapons School is headquartered at Nellis Air Force Base in Nevada with detachments at Dyess Air Force Base, Texas, Hurlburt Field, Florida, Little Rock Air Force Base, Arkansas, Whiteman Air Force Base, Missouri, Holloman Air Force Base, New Mexico, Fairchild Air Force Base, Washington, and Barksdale Air Force Base, Louisiana.

The Weapons School accomplishes its mission by providing graduate-level, instructor academic and flying courses to USAF Combat Air Forces (CAF). It conducts extensive technical off-station training and is a liaison with CAF units. It publishes the quarterly USAF Weapons Review with worldwide readership. All positions are selectively manned.

The Weapons School's squadrons include the Weapons Instructor Courses for the following aircraft and systems: Air Battle Manager, A-10 Thunderbolt II, Lockheed AC-130, B-1 Lancer, B-2 Spirit, B-52 Stratofortress, C-17 Globemaster III, C-130 Hercules, EC-130H Compass Call, F-15C Eagle, F-15E Strike Eagle, F-16 Fighting Falcon, F-22A Raptor, Joint Terminal Attack Controller, Unmanned Aircraft Systems, HH-60 Pave Hawk, KC-135 Stratotanker, MC-130, RC-135 Rivet Joint, Intelligence, Space, ICBM, Cyber, and Support.

History[edit]

Origins[edit]

USAF Fighter Weapons School F-16 flying with a Constant Peg MiG-21 over the Nevada desert, about 1986

The USAF Weapons School traces its roots to the Aircraft Gunnery School established in 1949 at Las Vegas Air Force Base (which became Nellis Air Force Base in 1950). This organization brought together a cadre of World War II combat veterans dedicated to teaching the next generation of pilots. The Gunnery School converted to combat crew training to meet the needs of the Korean War. In January 1954, the school assumed the mission of training fighter instructors, and took on the title, "USAF Fighter Weapons School." Students at Nellis trained in F-51 Mustang. F-80 Shooting Star. F-84 Thunderjet and all versions of the F-100 Super Sabre aircraft during this period. By 1960. the F-100 and the F-105 Thunderchief were left as the two primary aircraft flown at the Weapons School.

Vietnam Era[edit]

In 1965, the Fighter Weapons School added the F-4 Phantom II to its courses. As the roles of fighter aircraft expanded during the Vietnam War, the Fighter Weapons School began to have an impact across the larger Air Force. Many of the air-to-ground and air-to-air innovations of this period can be traced to the Weapons School. Assigned aircraft continued to change in concert with Air Force inventories. The Weapons School deactivated the F-100 and F-105 courses, and added the F-111 and A-7D Corsair II.

Post-Vietnam War era[edit]

F-15 Division F-15C 82-0038
A-10 Division A-10A 79-0172
F-4 Division F-4D 66-8700
Aggressor Division F-5E 74-1572
F-16 Division F-16C 86-0251 in experimental "Aggressor" motif

The Aggressors, flying the T-38 Talon and F-5E Tiger II were stood-up as part of the Weapons School in the early 1970s to improve air-to-air skills by providing accurate threat replication for dissimilar air combat training. The A-7D tenure in the school was a brief 3 years as the squadron transitioned from A-7s to F-5 Aggressors in 1975. Fighter modernization brought both the A-10 Thunderbolt II and the F-15 Eagle into Weapons School operations in 1977.

The 1980s ushered in a time of significant change for the Weapons School. In 1981, the school underwent a complete reorganization as the squadrons became divisions. The Aggressor squadrons transferred to the 57th Fighter Weapons Wing. The F-1ll Division became a geographically separated detachment of the Nellis-based Weapons School. The newly formed F-16 Fighting Falcon Division graduated its first students in 1982. In 1984 the Weapons School expanded its courses beyond the traditional fighter aircrew, adding a course to train weapons controllers in the F-15 Division. A passing of the torch to the current Weapons School occurred when the last F-4 class graduated in 1985, ending 20 years of F-4 weapons officer training. The Air Weapons Controller Division, later known as the Command and Control Operations (CCO) Division activated as a separate unit in 1987. The school gained a Fighter Intelligence Officers Course in 1988 which became the graduate patch-awarding Intelligence Division in 1990. The F-15E Strike Eagle Division became part of the school in 1991.

Modern Era[edit]

With the stand-up of Air Combat Command in 1992, the school embarked on a dramatic shift from its 43-year focus exclusively on fighter aviation, dropping the "fighter" from its title and becoming the "Air Force Weapons School." The change was much more than symbolic with the activation of the B-52 and B-1 Divisions that year. Rescue helicopters joined the school with the HH-60 Division in 1995 while the F-111 retired. That year also saw the addition of RC-135 RIVET JOINT and EC-130 COMPASS CALL courses to the CCO Division. To increase the graduate-level understanding of space and air integration for operators, the school added the Space Division in 1996.

With a growing need for weapons officers skilled at integrating all aspects of air and space power, the Weapons School has continued to expand. 2000 saw the addition of the E-8 JSTARS to the CCO Division. Special Operations Forces (SOF) also became part of the Weapons School in 2000,developing courses for the MH-53 and AC-130. Stealth joined the school in 2002 with the addition of the F-117 and B-2 Divisions. SOF added an MC-130 course that year as well. In 2003, all of the Weapons School divisions were re-designated (or initially activated) as squadrons, and the Intelligence Sensor Weapons Instructor Course was added to provide graduate-level training in intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance integration. In 2006, the F-117 Weapons Instructor Course deactivated and the merger with the Mobility Weapons School added the C-130, KC-135, and C-17 Weapons Instructor Courses. In 2008, the F-22 joined the Weapons School and in 2009, the ICBM Weapons Instructor Course was added. Students of the ICBM and Space courses share a common Air Force Specialty code (AFSC) as well as a building on Nellis.

Today's Weapons School encompasses 17 squadrons, teaching 22 combat specialties at 8 locations. Only 30% of today's students come from the classic fighter specialties.

Lineage[edit]

  • Constituted as USAF Fighter Weapons School, and activated, on 30 Dec 1965
Organized on 1 Jan 1966
Discontinued, and inactivated, on 1 Sep 1966
  • Activated on 30 Dec 1981
Re-designated USAF Weapons School on 15 Jun 1993

Assignments[edit]

Components[edit]

On 3 February 2003, the divisions of the USAF Weapons School formally became squadrons. Each of the new squadrons received the designation of a previously highly decorated notable inactivated unit.

Nellis-based units

Squadron Date Activated Weapons System Notes
8th Weapons Squadron 3 February 2003 E-8C JSTARS/E-3/RC-135 RIVET JOINT/COMPASS CALL Utilizes CAF Aircraft. Originally was the Air Weapons Controller Division, activated on 21 June 1984
16th Weapons Squadron 3 February 2003 F-16 Fighting Falcon Originally was the F-16 Division, established 1 October 1980
17th Weapons Squadron 3 February 2003 F-15E Strike Eagle Originally was the F-15E Division, established 8 July 1991
19th Weapons Squadron 3 February 2003 Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance Activated in 1988 as the Fighter Intelligence Officer Course; became the Weapons School Intelligence Division in 1990. Although a non-flying organization, graduates are often intelligence crewmembers on USAF aircraft and platforms (including RC-135, E-8C, MQ-1, MQ-9, and DCGS).
26th Weapons Squadron 30 September 2008 MQ-1, MQ-9
34th Weapons Squadron 3 February 2003 HH-60 Pave Hawk Originally was the Weapons School HH-60G Division. Had its beginning with the establishment of the USAF Combat Rescue School at Nellis AFB in 1993.
57th Weapons Support Squadron 3 February 2003 Mission Support Non-flying organization. Originally was the Weapons School Support Division was activated on 1 October 1997
66th Weapons Squadron 3 February 2003 A-10 Thunderbolt II Initially was the 66th Fighter Weapons Squadron on 1 October 1977. When the Fighter Weapons School reorganized in 1981, the 66th FWS was redesignated as the A- 10 Division.
315th Weapons Squadron 2 March 2012 Minuteman III Non-flying organization. Originally the 4315th Combat Crew Training Squadron. ICBM WIC originally was in 328th Weapons Squadron. ICBM WIC underwent validation Jan - Jun 2010 (Class 10A), and the first class started in Jul 2010 (10B).
328th Weapons Squadron 3 February 2003 Space Superiority & Cyber Warfare Operations Non-flying organization. Originally was the Weapons School Space Division was activated in July 1996.
433d Weapons Squadron 3 February 2003 F-15C Eagle, F-22A Raptor Originally activated in 1981 as the 433rd Fighter Weapons Squadron. Became Weapons School F-15C Division when the USAF Fighter Weapons School redesignated each of its squadrons as “Divisions” in 1981. First F-22A received July 2010.

Geographically separated units

Squadron Station Date Activated Weapons System Notes
14th Weapons Squadron Hurlburt Field, Florida 3 February 2003 Special Operations Aircraft (Various) The Weapons School Special Operations Forces (SOF) Division first activated as Detachment 1, AFSOC/DO on 15 March 2000 at Hurlburt Field, Florida. The unit designation was changed to Detachment 1, 16th Operations Group on 10 August 2000 to align it with the group charged with providing aircraft and personnel who would help build the course.
29th Weapons Squadron Little Rock AFB, Arkansas 1 June 2003 C-130 Hercules Tactical airlift training. Was incorporated from the USAF Mobility Weapons School, 5 July 2006.
57th Weapons Squadron McGuire AFB, New Jersey 1 June 2003 C-17 Globemaster III Strategic airlift training. Was incorporated from the USAF Mobility Weapons School, 5 July 2006.
77th Weapons Squadron Dyess AFB, Texas 3 February 2003 B-1 Lancer Tactical bombardment training. Initially activated as the Weapons School B-1 Division on 28 August 1992.
325th Weapons Squadron Whiteman AFB, Missouri 9 September 2005 B-2 Spirit Advanced stealth bomber training. Replaced 715th Weapons Squadron (13 August 2003-9 September 2005) Initially activated as the B-2 Division in May 2002
340th Weapons Squadron Barksdale AFB, Louisiana 3 February 2003 B-52 Stratofortress Strategic Bombardment training. Initially activated as the Weapons School B-52 Division on 1 October 1989.
509th Weapons Squadron Fairchild AFB, Washington 1 June 2003 KC-135 Stratotanker Aerial refueling training. Was incorporated from the USAF Mobility Weapons School, 5 July 2006.

Inactive units

Stations[edit]

  • Nellis AFB, NV, 1 Jan-1 Sep 1966;, 30 Dec 1981–Present

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

External links[edit]