If you have just labeled this page as a potential copyright issue, please follow the instructions for filing at the bottom of the box.
The previous content of this page or section has been identified as posing a potential copyright issue, as a copy or modification of the text from the source(s) below, and is now listed on Wikipedia:Copyright problems (listing):
Unless the copyright status of the text on this page is clarified, the problematic text or the entire page may be deleted one week after the time of its listing.
Temporarily, the original posting is still accessible for viewing in the page history.
To confirm your permission, you can either display a notice to this effect at the site of original publication or send an e-mail from an address associated with the original publication to permissions-en at wikimedia dot org or a postal letter to the Wikimedia Foundation. These messages must explicitly permit use under CC-BY-SA and the GFDL. See Wikipedia:Donating copyrighted materials.
Note that articles on Wikipedia must be written from a neutral point of view and must be verifiable in published third-party sources; consider whether, copyright issues aside, your text is appropriate for inclusion in Wikipedia.
To demonstrate that this text is in the public domain, or is already under a license suitable for Wikipedia, click "Show".
Simply modifying copyrighted text is not sufficient to avoid copyright infringement—if the original copyright violation cannot be cleanly removed or the article reverted to a prior version, it is best to write the article from scratch. (See Wikipedia:Close paraphrasing.)
For license compliance, any content used from the original article must be properly attributed; if you use content from the original, please leave a note at the top of your rewrite saying as much. You may duplicate non-infringing text that you had contributed yourself.
It is always a good idea, if rewriting, to identify the point where the copyrighted content was imported to Wikipedia and to check to make sure that the contributor did not add content imported from other sources. When closing investigations, clerks and administrators may find other copyright problems than the one identified. If this material is in the proposed rewrite and cannot be easily removed, the rewrite may not be usable.
At the end of World War IIUnited States Army Air Forces bases in the U.S. Zone of Occupation in Germany were selected when there were absolutely no requirements for tactical defensive planning. Army Air Force planners simply selected usable former Luftwaffe bases in the American Zone which were repaired and used for transport and occupation duties.
The initial USAF bases and units in the American Occupation Zone in 1947 were:
With the creation of NATO in response to Cold War tensions in Europe, the newly established United States Air Forces in Europe (USAFE) wanted its vulnerable fighter units in West Germany moved west of the Rhine River to provide greater air defense warning time. France quickly agreed to provide air base sites within their zone of occupation in the Rhineland-Palatinate as part of the expansion program. These new sites would all be fifty miles or more west of the Rhein River and most were located on rolling hilltops in rural settings.
Land acquisition in the Rhineland-Palatinate was rapid, and during 1951 construction began on six new air bases. These bases were not funded by NATO, but by USAF money partially offset by German war reparation payments, and construction was performed by West German contractors. Completion was on time and the quality was high. Bases at Pferdsfeld and Zweibrücken were built with USAF funds, but were assigned to the Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF) in 1952. In 1968 the RCAF moved its forces south to Lahr and Söllingen in Baden-Württemberg. Pferdsfeld AB was turned over to the West German Air Force, and Zweibrücken AB to USAFE.
Headquarters USAFE was at Wiesbaden Air Base until 1973, then moved to Ramstein Air Base. Wiesbaden Air Base was turned over to the Army in 1975 in exchange for Army facilities in the Ramstein-Kaiserslautern area. The USAF, however, remained at Lindsey Air Station in Wiesbaden until 1993.
Sembach Air Base is still active as a support facility for Ramstein Air Base called "Sembach Annex". The runway and operational facilities at Sembach were turned over to the German government. Only the base support facility is still in use by USAFE, and is in the process of being closed.
Today, only Ramstein Air Base and Spangdahlem Air Base remain as fully active U.S. air bases in Germany, supporting ongoing operations in the Middle East and Balkans. About $600 million is now being spent to improve their facilities to extend their usefulness for twenty years or more.