United States Ambassador to Algeria

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Ambassador of the United States to Algeria
سفارة الولايات المتحدة في الجزائر
Department of state.svg
Seal of the United States Department of State
Henry S Ensher ambassadorr.jpg
Incumbent
Henry S. Ensher
Nominator Barack Obama
Inaugural holder William J. Porter
Formation September 29, 1962
Website U.S. Embassy - Algiers

U.S. diplomatic terms


Career FSO
After 1915, The United States Department of State began classifying ambassadors as career Foreign Service Officers (FSOs) for those who have served in the Foreign Service for a specified amount of time.

Political appointee
A person who is not a career foreign service officer, but is appointed by the president (often as a reward to political friends).

Appointed
The date that the ambassador took the oath of office; also known as “commissioning”. It follows confirmation of a presidential appointment by the Senate, or a Congressional-recess appointment by the president. In the case of a recess appointment, the ambassador requires subsequent confirmation by the Senate.

Presented credentials
The date that the ambassador presented his letter of credence to the head of state or appropriate authority of the receiving nation. At this time the ambassador officially becomes the representative of his country. This would normally occur a short time after the ambassador’s arrival on station. The host nation may reject the ambassador by not receiving the ambassador’s letter, but this occurs only rarely.

Terminated mission
Usually the date that the ambassador left the country. In some cases a letter of recall is presented, ending the ambassador’s commission, either as a means of diplomatic protest or because the diplomat is being reassigned elsewhere and replaced by another envoy.

Chargé d'affaires
The person in charge of the business of the embassy when there is no ambassador commissioned to the host country. See chargé d'affaires.

Ad interim
Latin phrase meaning "for the time being", "in the meantime". See ad interim.

The Ambassador of the United States to Algeria is the official representative of the President of the United States to the head of state of Algeria.

Until 1962, Algeria had been under the dominion of France. Independence from France was formally declared on July 3, 1962. The United States and France both formally recognized Algeria on that same day.[1] The Algerian government had recognized the United States in 1795, but formal diplomatic relations had not been established.[1]

The U.S. has had consular representation in Algeria intermittently since 1796. On September 29, 1962, diplomatic relations between Algeria and the United States were formally established when the U.S. Consulate General in Algiers was raised to embassy status. William J. Porter was appointed as the first chargé d'affaires ad interim pending appointment of an ambassador to Algiers. He was promoted to ambassador on November 29, 1962.[1]

Algeria severed diplomatic relations with the United States on June 6, 1967, in the wake of the June 1967 Arab-Israeli War. A U.S. Interests Section was established in the Swiss Embassy. The United States and Algeria reestablished diplomatic relations, and their respective embassies in Algiers and Washington reopened on November 12, 1974.[1]

Ambassadors and chiefs of mission[edit]

  • William J. Porter – Career FSO
    • Title: Chargé d'Affaires
    • Appointed: July 3, 1962
    • Presented credentials: —
    • Terminated mission: Promoted to ambassador, November 17, 1962
  • William J. Porter – Career FSO[2]
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: November 29, 1962
    • Presented credentials: December 17, 1962
    • Terminated mission: Left post July 29, 1965
  • John D. Jernegan – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: July 22, 1965
    • Presented credentials: October 13, 1965
    • Terminated mission: Left post June 10, 1967 after Algeria severed diplomatic relations with the U.S.
  • Richard Bordeaux Parker – Career FSO
    • Title: Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
    • Appointed: November 12, 1974
    • Presented credentials: —
    • Terminated mission: Promoted to ambassador, December 18, 1974
  • Richard Bordeaux Parker – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: December 18, 1974
    • Presented credentials: January 17, 1975
    • Terminated mission: Left post February 12, 1977
  • Ulric St. Clair Haynes, Jr. – Political appointee
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: May 11, 1977
    • Presented credentials: July 13, 1977
    • Terminated mission: Left post January 28, 1981
  • Michael H. Newlin – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: September 28, 1981
    • Presented credentials: October 28, 1981
    • Terminated mission: Left post July 21, 1985
  • L. Craig Johnstone – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: July 12, 1985
    • Presented credentials: September 9, 1985
    • Terminated mission: Left post July 10, 1988
  • Christopher W.S. Ross – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: August 12, 1988
    • Presented credentials: September 20, 1988
    • Terminated mission: Left post August 14, 1991
  • Mary Ann Casey – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: July 2, 1991
    • Presented credentials: September 8, 1991
    • Terminated mission: Left post October 19, 1994
  • Ronald E. Neumann – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: July 5, 1994
    • Presented credentials: September 18, 1994
    • Terminated mission: Left post September 19, 1997
  • Cameron R. Hume – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: November 10, 1997
    • Presented credentials: December 28, 1997
    • Terminated mission: Left post September 13, 2000
  • Janet A. Sanderson – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: September 15, 2000
    • Presented credentials: October 30, 2000
    • Terminated mission: Left post May 13, 2003
  • Richard W. Erdman – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: May 23, 2003
    • Presented credentials: July 26, 2003
    • Terminated mission: Left post January 9, 2006
  • Robert Stephen Ford – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: May 30, 2006
    • Presented credentials: September 4, 2006
    • Terminated mission: Left post June 26, 2008
  • David D. Pearce – Career FSO[3]
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: August 4, 2008
    • Presented credentials: September 2, 2008
    • Terminated mission: c. April 2011
  • W. William Jordan – Career FSO
    • Deputy Chief of Mission April–August 2011
  • Henry S. Ensher – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: c. July 2011
    • Presented credentials: August 10, 2011
    • Terminated mission: Incumbent
  • Joan.A.Polaschik - Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Confirmed: July 29, 2014
    • Presented credentials: Pending
    • Terminated mission: /

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Algeria". United States Department of State. Retrieved 2011-07-09. 
  2. ^ Porter was commissioned during a recess of the Senate and recommissioned after confirmation on Mar 9, 1963.
  3. ^ "List of Chiefs of Mission as of June 6, 2011" (PDF). U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 

External links[edit]