United States Ambassador to Brunei

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Ambassador of the United States to Brunei
Department of state.svg
Seal of the United States Department of State
Daniel L Shields ambassador.jpg
Incumbent
Daniel L. Shields

since March 28, 2011
Nominator Barack Obama
Inaugural holder Barrington King
as Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
Formation April 12, 1984
Website U.S. Embassy - Bandar Seri Begawan

Until 1984, Brunei was a self-governing protectorate of the United Kingdom. In 1979 Brunei and the United Kingdom signed a new treaty of friendship and cooperation, and on January 1, 1984, Brunei Darussalam became a fully independent state.

The United States recognized Brunei immediately. On January 1, 1984, the same day Brunei became independent, the former U.S. Consulate in Bandar Seri Begawan was upgraded to embassy status with Douglas Ellice as Principal Officer and Chargé d’Affaires ad interim. The first ranking U.S. ambassador to Brunei was commissioned on April 12 of the same year.

The United States Embassy in Brunei is located in Bandar Seri Begawan.

List of ambassadors of the United States to Brunei Darussalam[edit]

U.S. diplomatic terms


Career FSO
After 1915, The United States Department of State began classifying ambassadors as career Foreign Service Officers (FSOs) for those who have served in the Foreign Service for a specified amount of time.

Political appointee
A person who is not a career foreign service officer, but is appointed by the president (often as a reward to political friends).

Appointed
The date that the ambassador took the oath of office; also known as “commissioning”. It follows confirmation of a presidential appointment by the Senate, or a Congressional-recess appointment by the president. In the case of a recess appointment, the ambassador requires subsequent confirmation by the Senate.

Presented credentials
The date that the ambassador presented his letter of credence to the head of state or appropriate authority of the receiving nation. At this time the ambassador officially becomes the representative of his country. This would normally occur a short time after the ambassador’s arrival on station. The host nation may reject the ambassador by not receiving the ambassador’s letter, but this occurs only rarely.

Terminated mission
Usually the date that the ambassador left the country. In some cases a letter of recall is presented, ending the ambassador’s commission, either as a means of diplomatic protest or because the diplomat is being reassigned elsewhere and replaced by another envoy.

Chargé d'affaires
The person in charge of the business of the embassy when there is no ambassador commissioned to the host country. See chargé d'affaires.

Ad interim
Latin phrase meaning "for the time being", "in the meantime". See ad interim.
  • Barrington King – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: April 12, 1984
    • Presented credentials: May 28, 1984
    • Terminated mission: Left post, April 30, 1987
  • Thomas C. Ferguson – Political appointee
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: July 15, 1987
    • Presented credentials: July 2, 1987
    • Terminated mission: Left post, April 9, 1989
  • Christopher H. Phillips – Political appointee
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: October 10, 1989
    • Presented credentials: Novem 28, 1989
    • Terminated mission: Left post, October 31, 1991
  • Donald Burnham Ensenat – Political appointee
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: August 11, 1992
    • Presented credentials: September 26, 1992
    • Terminated mission: Left post, June 13, 1993
  • Theresa Anne Tull – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: October 8, 1993
    • Presented credentials: January 5, 1994
    • Terminated mission: Left post, April 30, 1996
  • Glen R. Rase – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: July 2, 1996
    • Presented credentials: September 16, 1996
    • Terminated mission: Left post June 6, 1999
  • Sylvia Gaye Stanfield – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: August 9, 1999
    • Presented credentials: November 3, 1999
    • Terminated mission: Left post August 28, 2002
  • Gene B. Christy – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: Nov 15, 2002
    • Presented credentials: Jan 24, 2003
    • Terminated mission: Left post, Jul 18, 2005
  • Emil A. Skodon – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: Jun 27, 2005
    • Presented credentials: Nov 1, 2005
    • Terminated mission: August 1, 2008
  • William E. Todd – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: July 14, 2008
    • Presented credentials: Unknown
    • Terminated mission: June 6, 2010
  • John W. McIntyre – Career FSO
    • Title: Chargé d'Affaires
    • Appointed: June 6, 2010
    • Presented credentials: Unknown
    • Terminated mission: March 28, 2011
  • Daniel L. Shields – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: March 28, 2011
    • Presented credentials: April 5, 2011
    • Terminated mission: Incumbent

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]