United States Ambassador to Burkina Faso

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Ambassador of the United States to Burkina Faso
Department of state.svg
Seal of the United States Department of State
Ambassador Tuli Mushingi Official Photo.jpg
Incumbent
Tulinabo S. Mushingi

since August 5, 2013
Nominator Barack Obama
Inaugural holder R. Borden Reams
as Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
Formation October 17, 1960
Website U.S. Embassy - Ouagadougou

This is a list of Ambassadors of the United States to Burkina Faso (formerly Upper Volta).

Until 1960 Upper Volta was a French possession as a part of French West Africa. In 1958 Upper Volta became an autonomous republic in the French Community (Communauté française), and achieved independence as the Republic of Upper Volta on August 5, 1960.

The United States recognized Upper Volta immediately and assigned its first envoy on the nation's independence day, August 5. The envoy, Donald R. Norland, had presented his credentials as Chargé d'Affaires ad interim on the previous day, August 4, to take effect on the day of independence. Norland was also the Chargé d'Affaires a.i. to the newly independent nations: Ivory Coast (Côte d'Ivoire), Dahomey (Benin) and Niger while resident in Abidjan.

The first ranking ambassador, R. Borden Reams, was appointed October 17, 1960. He was also the ambassador to the aforementioned countries while resident in Abidjan. On December 31, 1960, an embassy was established in Ouagadougou with a resident Chargé d'affaires. On May 29, 1961 the first ambassador solely accredited to Upper Volta was appointed.

On August 4, 1984, the nation changed its name to Burkina Faso.

The United States Embassy in Burkina Faso is located in Ouagadougou.

Ambassadors[edit]

U.S. diplomatic terms


Career FSO
After 1915, The United States Department of State began classifying ambassadors as career Foreign Service Officers (FSOs) for those who have served in the Foreign Service for a specified amount of time.

Political appointee
A person who is not a career foreign service officer, but is appointed by the president (often as a reward to political friends).

Appointed
The date that the ambassador took the oath of office; also known as “commissioning”. It follows confirmation of a presidential appointment by the Senate, or a Congressional-recess appointment by the president. In the case of a recess appointment, the ambassador requires subsequent confirmation by the Senate.

Presented credentials
The date that the ambassador presented his letter of credence to the head of state or appropriate authority of the receiving nation. At this time the ambassador officially becomes the representative of his country. This would normally occur a short time after the ambassador’s arrival on station. The host nation may reject the ambassador by not receiving the ambassador’s letter, but this occurs only rarely.

Terminated mission
Usually the date that the ambassador left the country. In some cases a letter of recall is presented, ending the ambassador’s commission, either as a means of diplomatic protest or because the diplomat is being reassigned elsewhere and replaced by another envoy.

Chargé d'affaires
The person in charge of the business of the embassy when there is no ambassador commissioned to the host country. See chargé d'affaires.

Ad interim
Latin phrase meaning "for the time being", "in the meantime". See ad interim.
  • R. Borden Reams[1][2]– Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: October 17, 1960
    • Presented credentials: December 6, 1960
    • Terminated mission: Superseded by new resident ambassador June 26, 1961
  • Thomas S. Estes – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: May 29, 1961
    • Presented credentials: June 26, 1961
    • Terminated mission: Left post July 13, 1966
  • Elliott P. Skinner – Political appointee
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: May 27, 1966
    • Presented credentials: September 14, 1966
    • Terminated mission: Left post July 16, 1969
  • William E. Schaufele, Jr. – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: September 29, 1969
    • Presented credentials: October 16, 1969
    • Terminated mission: Left post July 10, 1971
  • Donald B. Easum – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: November 5, 1971
    • Presented credentials: December 8, 1971
    • Terminated mission: Left post January 19, 1974
  • Pierre R. Graham – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: June 20, 1974
    • Presented credentials: July 30, 1974
    • Terminated mission: Left post June 13, 1978
  • Thomas D. Boyatt – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: July 18, 1978
    • Presented credentials: September 21, 1978
    • Terminated mission: Left post October 23, 1980
  • Note: Larry C. Grahl served as chargé d'affaires ad interim, October 1980–November 1981.
  • Julius Waring Walker, Jr. – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: July 18, 1981
    • Presented credentials: November 18, 1981
    • Terminated mission: Left post July 5, 1984
  • Leonardo Neher – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: June 28, 1984
    • Presented credentials: September 21, 1984
    • Terminated mission: Left post August 1, 1987
  • David H. Shinn – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: November 6, 1987
    • Presented credentials: November 28, 1987
    • Terminated mission: Left post August 6, 1990
  • Edward P. Brynn – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: October 22, 1990
    • Presented credentials: January 14, 1991
    • Terminated mission: Left post April 17, 1993
  • Donald J. McConnell – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: August 9, 1993
    • Presented credentials: November 22, 1993
    • Terminated mission: Left post June 4, 1996
  • Sharon P. Wilkinson – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: July 11, 1996
    • Presented credentials: October 24, 1996
    • Terminated mission: Left post July 12, 1999
  • Jimmy J. Kolker – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: November 16, 1999
    • Presented credentials: January 11, 2000
    • Terminated mission: Left post August 2, 2002
  • J. Anthony Holmes – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: October 3, 2002
    • Presented credentials: December 23, 2002
    • Terminated mission: Left post July 9, 2005
  • Jeanine E. Jackson – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: February 21, 2006
    • Presented credentials: March 24, 2006
    • Terminated mission: Unknown
  • Gayleatha B. Brown – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: August 4, 2009
    • Presented credentials: Unknown
    • Terminated mission: Unknown
  • Thomas Dougherty – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: May 27, 2010
    • Presented credentials: August 5, 2010
    • Terminated mission: Unknown
  • Tulinabo S. Mushingi - Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: Unknown
    • Presented credentials: Unknown
    • Terminated mission: Incumbent

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Reams was commissioned during a recess of the Senate.
  2. ^ Reams was also accredited to Ivory Coast, Dahomey, and Niger while resident at Abidjan.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]