United States Ambassador to Egypt

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Ambassador of the United States to Egypt
سفارة الولايات المتحدة الأمريكية فى جمهورية مصر العربية
Department of state.svg
Seal of the United States Department of State
Incumbent
Thomas Goldberger (Charge d'Affaires)

since September 2, 2014
Nominator Barack Obama
Inaugural holder Daniel Smith McCauley
as Agent/Consul General
Formation August 14, 1848
Website U.S. Embassy - Cairo

This is a list of Ambassadors of the United States to Egypt.

The United States first established diplomatic relations with Egypt in 1848, when President James K. Polk appointed Daniel Smith McCauley as the first envoy to Egypt with the title Consul General. McCauley and his family were transported to Egypt aboard the USS Constitution in 1849.

Relations between Egypt and the United States have been continuous since 1848, except for the period between 1967 and 1974. The then United Arab Republic severed relations with the U.S. following the 1967 Arab–Israeli War; Egypt restored relations following the 1973 Arab-Israeli War.

The United States Embassy in Egypt is located in Cairo. Thomas Goldberger is the current Charge d'Affaires Of The The United States To Egypt.

Ambassadors[edit]

U.S. diplomatic terms


Career FSO
After 1915, The United States Department of State began classifying ambassadors as career Foreign Service Officers (FSOs) for those who have served in the Foreign Service for a specified amount of time.

Political appointee
A person who is not a career foreign service officer, but is appointed by the president (often as a reward to political friends).

Appointed
The date that the ambassador took the oath of office; also known as “commissioning”. It follows confirmation of a presidential appointment by the Senate, or a Congressional-recess appointment by the president. In the case of a recess appointment, the ambassador requires subsequent confirmation by the Senate.

Presented credentials
The date that the ambassador presented his letter of credence to the head of state or appropriate authority of the receiving nation. At this time the ambassador officially becomes the representative of his country. This would normally occur a short time after the ambassador’s arrival on station. The host nation may reject the ambassador by not receiving the ambassador’s letter, but this occurs only rarely.

Terminated mission
Usually the date that the ambassador left the country. In some cases a letter of recall is presented, ending the ambassador’s commission, either as a means of diplomatic protest or because the diplomat is being reassigned elsewhere and replaced by another envoy.

Chargé d'affaires
The person in charge of the business of the embassy when there is no ambassador commissioned to the host country. See chargé d'affaires.

Ad interim
Latin phrase meaning "for the time being", "in the meantime". See ad interim.
  • Daniel Smith McCauley
    • Title: Agent/Consul General[1]
    • Appointed: August 14, 1848
    • Presented credentials: March 17, 1849
    • Terminated mission: Died at post October 24, 1852
  • Richard B. Jones
    • Title: Agent/Consul General[1]
    • Appointed: December 28, 1852
    • Presented credentials: May 7, 1853
    • Terminated mission: Superseded by his successor, December 14, 1853
  • Edwin De Leon[2]
    • Title: Agent/Consul General[1]
    • Appointed: May 24, 1853
    • Presented credentials: December 14, 1853
    • Terminated mission: Relinquished charge March 4, 1861
  • William Sydney Thayer
    • Title: Consul General
    • Appointed: March 20, 1861
    • Presented credentials: Unknown. Assumed charge July 1, 1861
    • Terminated mission: Died at post April 10, 1864
  • Charles Hale[3]
    • Title: Agent/Consul General
    • Appointed: May 18, 1864
    • Presented credentials: About October 15, 1864
    • Terminated mission: Presented recall, May 23, 1870
  • George H. Butler[1]
    • Title: Agent/Consul General
    • Appointed: March 15, 1870
    • Presented credentials: June 2, 1870
    • Terminated mission: Left Egypt July 16, 1872
  • Richard Beardsley[4]
    • Title: Agent/Consul General
    • Appointed: July 23, 1872
    • Presented credentials: September 24, 1872
    • Terminated mission: Died at post January 23, 1876
  • Elbert E. Farman
    • Title: Agent/Consul General
    • Appointed: March 27, 1876
    • Presented credentials: July 17, 1876
    • Terminated mission: Left post May 17, 1881
  • Simon Wolf[5]
    • Title: Agent/Consul General
    • Appointed: June 30, 1881
    • Presented credentials: October 22, 1881
    • Terminated mission: Left post March 27, 1882
  • George P. Pomeroy
    • Title: Agent/Consul General
    • Appointed: December 16, 1882
    • Presented crJuly 1, 1882edentials:
    • Terminated mission: Left post July 20, 1884
  • John Cardwell[6]
    • Title: Agent/Consul General
    • Appointed: October 2, 1885
    • Presented credentials: April 19, 1886
    • Terminated mission: Left Egypt October 7, 1889
  • Eugene Schuyler[7]
    • Title: Agent/Consul General
    • Appointed: June 26, 1889
    • Presented credentials: November 23, 1889
    • Terminated mission: Left post July 2, 1890
  • John A. Anderson
    • Title: Agent/Consul General
    • Appointed: February 27, 1891
    • Presented credentials: July 13, 1891
    • Terminated mission: Left post April 21, 1892
  • Edward C. Little[8]
    • Title: Agent/Consul General
    • Appointed: November 15, 1892
    • Presented credentials: April 22, 1893
    • Terminated mission: Relinquished charge to his successor, August 22, 1893
  • Frederic Courtland Penfield[9]
    • Title: Agent/Consul General
    • Appointed: May 13, 1893
    • Presented credentials: December 11, 1893
    • Terminated mission: Relinquished charge to his successor, June 17, 1897
  • Thomas Harrison
    • Title: Agent/Consul General
    • Appointed: April 22, 1897
    • Presented credentials: December 23, 1897
    • Terminated mission: Left Egypt March 22, 1899
  • John G. Long[10]
    • Title: Agent/Consul General
    • Appointed: October 30, 1899
    • Presented credentials: April 2, 1900
    • Terminated mission: Left post July 15, 1903
  • John W. Riddle[11]
    • Title: Agent/Consul General
    • Appointed: September 8, 1903
    • Presented credentials: March 28, 1904
    • Terminated mission: Left post June 9, 1905
  • Lewis M. Iddings[12]
    • Title: Agent/Consul General
    • Appointed: March 23, 1905
    • Presented credentials: December 23, 1905
    • Terminated mission: Left post April 14, 1910
  • Peter Augus Jay
    • Title: Agent/Consul General
    • Appointed: December 21, 1909
    • Presented credentials: November 28, 1910
    • Terminated mission: Left post October 8, 1913
  • Olney Arnold – Political appointee
    • Title: Agent/Consul General
    • Appointed: September 2, 1913
    • Presented credentials: March 23, 1914
    • Terminated mission: Relinquished charge, January 8, 1916
  • Hampson Gary – Political appointee
    • Title: Agent/Consul General
    • Appointed: October 2, 1917
    • Presented credentials: February 7, 1918[13]
    • Terminated mission: Left post December 7, 1919
  • Carroll Sprigg – Political appointee
    • Title: Agent/Consul General
    • Appointed: May 11, 1920
    • Presented credentials: August 2, 1920[14]
    • Terminated mission: Relinquished charge, October 31, 1921
  • J. Morton Howell – Political appointee
    • Title: Agent/Consul General[15]
    • Appointed: October 7, 1921
    • Presented credentials: Unknown[16]
    • Terminated mission: Promoted to Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary June 21, 1922
  • J. Morton Howell – Political appointee
    • Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: June 21, 1922[15]
    • Presented credentials: August 28, 1922
    • Terminated mission: Left Egypt, July 6, 1927
  • Franklin Mott Gunther – Career FSO
    • Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: April 5, 1928
    • Presented credentials: July 19, 1928
    • Terminated mission: Left Egypt, July 30, 1930
  • William M. Jardine – Political appointee
    • Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: July 21, 1930
    • Presented credentials: October 13, 1930
    • Terminated mission: Left Egypt, September 5, 1933
  • Bert Fish[17][18] – Political appointee
    • Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: September 6, 1933
    • Presented credentials: December 2, 1933
    • Terminated mission: Left post February 28, 1941
  • Alexander C. Kirk[19][20] – Career FSO
    • Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: February 11, 1941
    • Presented credentials: March 29, 1941
    • Terminated mission: Left post April 29, 1944
  • S. Pinkney Tuck[21] – Career FSO
    • Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: May 4, 1944
    • Presented credentials: June 14, 1944
    • Terminated mission: Promoted to Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary, September 19, 1946.
  • S. Pinkney Tuck[21][22] – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: September 19, 1946
    • Presented credentials: October 10, 1946
    • Terminated mission: Left post May 30, 1948
  • Stanton Griffis[23] – Political appointee
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: July 7, 1948
    • Presented credentials: September 2, 1948
    • Terminated mission: Left post March 18, 1949
  • Jefferson Caffery – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: July 9, 1949
    • Presented credentials: September 29, 1949
    • Terminated mission: Left Egypt January 11, 1955
  • Henry A. Byroade – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: January 24, 1955
    • Presented credentials: March 7, 1955
    • Terminated mission: Left post September 10, 1956
  • Raymond A. Hare[24] – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: August 14, 1956
    • Presented credentials: September 25, 1956
    • Terminated mission: Recommissioned and reaccredited to the United Arab Republic on March 10, 1958, after formation of the UAR.
  • Note: Egypt and Syria incorporated themselves into United Arab Republic on February 22, 1958. Subsequent ambassadors were commissioned to the UAR until 1967. Syria seceded from the UAR in September 1961 but Egypt continued to use the UAR name until 1971.
  • Raymond A. Hare[25][26] – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: March 10, 1958
    • Presented credentials: March 19, 1958
    • Terminated mission: Left post December 18, 1959
  • G. Frederick Reinhardt[26][27] – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: January 27, 1960
    • Presented credentials: March 22, 1960
    • Terminated mission: Left post May 6, 1961
  • John S. Badeau[26] – Political appointee
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: May 29, 1961
    • Presented credentials: July 19, 1961
    • Terminated mission: Left post June 9, 1964
  • Lucius D. Battle[26] – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: July 31, 1964
    • Presented credentials: September 22, 1964
    • Terminated mission: Left post March 5, 1967
  • Note: The United Arab Republic (Egypt) severed diplomatic relations with the United States on June 6, 1967 during the Six-Day War with Israel.
  • Richard H. Nolte[26] – Political appointee
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: April 5, 1967
    • Presented credentials: Did not present credentials[28]
    • Terminated mission: Left post June 10, 1967
  • Note: David G. Nes was serving as Chargé d'Affaires ad interim when the break in relations occurred. A U.S. Interests Section was established in the Spanish Embassy on June 7, 1967. Principal Officers were: Donald C. Bergus, September 1967–February 1972; Joseph N. Greene, Jr., February 1972–July 1973; Richard W. Smith, August 1973-October 1973 and Hermann F. Eilts, November 1973–February 1974.
  • Note: Diplomatic relations between the United States and Egypt were resumed in 1974. The U.S. embassy was reestablished on February 28, 1974, with Ambassador-designate Eilts in charge pending his nomination, commissioning, and presentation of his letter of credence.
  • Note: In 1971 the United Arab Republic dropped the UAR name and resumed the name Egypt. Subsequent ambassadors were commissioned to Egypt.
  • Hermann F. Eilts[29] – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: March 19, 1974
    • Presented credentials: April 20, 1974
    • Terminated mission: Left post May 20, 1979
  • Alfred L. Atherton, Jr. – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: May 17, 1979
    • Presented credentials: July 2, 1979
    • Terminated mission: Left post November 12, 1983
  • Nicholas A. Veliotes – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: October 7, 1983
    • Presented credentials: November 24, 1983
    • Terminated mission: Left post April 1, 1986
  • Frank G. Wisner – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: August 18, 1986
    • Presented credentials: August 28, 1986
    • Terminated mission: Left post June 6, 1991
  • Robert H. Pelletreau – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: July 2, 1992
    • Presented credentials: September 12, 1991
    • Terminated mission: Left post December 11, 1993
  • Edward S. Walker, Jr. – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: May 9, 1994
    • Presented credentials: July 20, 1994
    • Terminated mission: Left post December 7, 1997
  • Daniel Charles Kurtzer – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: November 10, 1997
    • Presented credentials: January 13, 1998
    • Terminated mission: Left post June 22, 2001
  • C. David Welch – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: July 12, 2001
    • Presented credentials: September 22, 2001
    • Terminated mission: Left post March 15, 2005
  • Francis J. Ricciardone, Jr. – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: August 2, 2005
    • Presented credentials: November 13, 2005
    • Terminated mission: c. March 2008
  • Margaret Scobey – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: March 14, 2008
    • Presented credentials: June 16, 2008
    • Terminated mission: June 30, 2011
  • Matthew H. Tueller – Career FSO
    • Chargé d’Affaires a.i. June 30, 2011 – August 1, 2011
  • Anne W. Patterson – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: July 2011
    • Presented credentials: Unknown
    • Terminated mission: September 2013
  • Robert Stephen Beecroft – Career FSO[30]
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: May 2014
    • Presented credentials: Unknown
    • Terminated mission:
  • Thomas H. Goldberger - Career FSO
    • Title: Charge D'Affaires
    • Appointed: September 2014
    • Presented Credentials:
    • Terminated Mission: "Incumbent" (Since September 2014)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Commissioned as Consul General only and used the title Agent and Consul General with the acquiescence of the Department of State.
  2. ^ De Leon was commissioned during a recess of the Senate and recommissioned after confirmation on April 18, 1854.
  3. ^ Hale was commissioned as Consul General only. He was not recommissioned when his title was changed to Agent and Consul General by Act of Congress approved June 20, 1864.
  4. ^ Beardsley was commissioned during a recess of the Senate and recommissioned after confirmation on December 11, 1872.
  5. ^ Wolf was commissioned during a recess of the Senate and recommissioned after confirmation on October 29, 1881.
  6. ^ Cardwell was commissioned during a recess of the Senate and recommissioned after confirmation on January 20, 1886.
  7. ^ Schuyler was commissioned during a recess of the Senate and died in Venice on way home [presumably for his recommissioning].
  8. ^ Little was commissioned during a recess of the Senate and recommissioned after confirmation on December 8, 1892.
  9. ^ Penfield was commissioned during a recess of the Senate and recommissioned after confirmation on August 25, 1893.
  10. ^ Long was commissioned during a recess of the Senate and recommissioned after confirmation on December 13, 1899.
  11. ^ Riddle was commissioned during a recess of the Senate and recommissioned after confirmation on November 24, 1903.
  12. ^ Iddings was commissioned during a recess of the Senate and recommissioned after confirmation on December 15, 1905.
  13. ^ Gary was received by the Sultan on February 7, 1918.
  14. ^ Sprigg was received by the Sultan on August 2, 1920.
  15. ^ a b Howell was promoted to Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary during his term as Consul General.
  16. ^ No record has been found of the date on which Howell was presented to the Sultan as Agent and Consul General.
  17. ^ Fish was commissioned during a recess of the Senate and recommissioned after confirmation on January 15, 1934.
  18. ^ Fish was also appointed as the ambassador to Saudi Arabia when that post was established on February 4, 1940. He remained resident in Cairo.
  19. ^ Kirk was also accredited to Saudi Arabia, while resident in Cairo, until July 18, 1943, when a minister was appointed to Saudi Arabia.
  20. ^ Kirk was also accredited to the government-in-exile of Greece in Cairo Until Anthony J. Drexel Biddle, Jr. was appointed to that post on November 13, 1941.
  21. ^ a b Tuck was promoted to Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary during his term in office.
  22. ^ Tuck was commissioned during a recess of the Senate and recommissioned after confirmation on January 13, 1947.
  23. ^ Griffis was commissioned during a recess of the Senate and recommissioned after confirmation on March 2, 1949.
  24. ^ Hare was commissioned during a recess of the Senate and recommissioned after confirmation on January 29, 1957.
  25. ^ Hare was also the Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to North Yemen from February 16, 1959 until December 18, 1959.
  26. ^ a b c d e Commissioned to the United Arab Republic
  27. ^ Reinhard was also the Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to North Yemen.
  28. ^ Nolte had proceeded to his post after confirmation, but the UAR had severed relations with the U.S. before he could present his credentials.
  29. ^ Eilts had been the last Chargé d’Affaires at the U.S. Interests section in Cairo during the break in U.S.–Egypt relations.
  30. ^ "US appoints Robert Stephen Beecroft as new Ambassador to Egypt". IANS. news.biharprabha.com. Retrieved 9 May 2014. 

External links[edit]